From Hinduism in America to American Hinduism
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: State University of New York Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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List of Figures
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...regarding the transliteration of sanskrit and Hindi terms, in order to accommodate nonspecialist readers, we have chosen to avoid diacritical marks, and instead transliterate words in as readable a fashion as pos-sible. Thus, for example, we render the Hindu deity ??iva? as ?Shiva? and the word ??i (sage) as rishi. we also break words that may appear as ...
Introduction: From Wave to Soil
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Some would argue that the term ?Hinduism? is woefully inadequate because it enforces a false uniformity on such a wide variety of practices, philosophies, and beliefs. Yet this English word identifying religious pro?pensities of the Indian subcontinent, based on a much earlier Persian designation for the people who lived in the area of the Sindhu (Indus) ...
Chapter 1 Ram Dass: The Vicissitudes of Devotion and Ferocity of Grace&
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The following focuses on one example of the influence of contemporary Indian gurus in the West by exploring the personal backgrounds and contexts of American?born Ram Dass and his Indian guru Neem Karoli Baba, as well as the transformation of ideas, beliefs, and practices that have occurred in the process of this particular transmission of Hinduism ...
Chapter Two: Building Tantric Infrastructure in America: Rudi’s Western Kashmir Shaivism
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You must understand that what I say is not, in any sense, intellectual. I don?t pass on ideas. I try to give you the raw flesh of my own experience. It may be slightly messy at times, but the blood is still York City in 1928 as Albert Rudolph. He was the eldest son of a Great Depression?era family who became one of the first American gurus to ...
Chapter Three: Amrit Desai and the Kripalu Center for Yoga and Health
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This chapter has three specific goals: first, to understand the Kripalu Center?s initial growth based on Amrit Desai?s (1932?) adaptation and innovation of the Hindu?inspired1 ashram model, with emphasis on the guru?disciple relationship and the overwhelming popularity of the Kri?palu approach to modern yoga; second, to document briefly the near ...
Chapter Four: Swamis, Scholars, and Gurus: Siddha Yoga’s American Legacy
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Just prior to departing on his second world tour in 1974, Swami Muk?tananda (1908?1982) addressed several thousand disciples who had gath?ered at Mumbai?s Santa Cruz Airport. ?I am going abroad to initiate a revolution, a meditation revolution,? he told the audience.1 Muktananda attracted tens of thousands of followers worldwide with his charismat?...
Chapter Five: A Life in Progress: The Biographies of Sivaya Subramuniyaswami
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This chapter studies the biographies of Sivaya Subramuniyaswami (1927?2001), or Gurudeva as his followers more commonly referred to him. Subramuniyaswami was the American?born founder of the Saiva Siddhanta Church, the Himalayan Academy, and the Kauai Aadheenam.1 He claimed to be a guru within the South Indian Hindu tradition of ...
Chapter Six: Guru Authority, Religious Innovation, and the Decline of New Vrindaban
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The doubt was there about Kirtanananda but I kept covering it over with the justification that he is a pure devotee [who] knows what the four regulative principles of no meat, intoxication, sex, or gam?bling I could forgive him. But even after he fell down from these principles I still forgave him. I think the turning point came when ...
Chapter Seven: Neo-Advaita in America: Three Representative Teachers
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Advaita Vedanta during the first half of the twentieth century.1 Advaita Vedanta philosophy asserts that Brahman or One Absolute Reality is infi?nite, formless, nondual awareness, and that the supreme goal of human life is the realization that atman or the inner self is not separate from Absolute Reality??Atman is Brahman.? 2 The Maharshi (great sage) was ...
Chapter Eight: From Being to Becoming, Transcending to Transforming: Andrew Cohen and the Evolution of Enlightenment
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Several Asian religious and philosophical articulations of nonduality exist. One of the most fundamental contrasts is between a nondual-ity that affirms the identity of absolute and relative phenomena, and consequently embraces the material world as an expression of the abso-lute, as found within the pan?Asian Tantric traditions, and a nondual-...
Conclusion: On Reason, Religion, and the Real
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An old master says the soul is created in the middle between one and two. The one is eternity, which maintains itself ever alone and without variation. The two is time, which is changeable and given How does one conclude such rich and diverse chapters on such a col?orful cast of characters?and in just a few pages?1 One certainly does ...
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Page Count: 246
Publication Year: 2013