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From Every Mountainside

Black Churches and the Broad Terrain of Civil Rights

R. drew Smith

Publication Year: 2013

Essays on the civil rights movement outside the South and since the 1960s.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Title Page, Copyright, Quote

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pp. 2-7


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pp. vii-x

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pp. xi-xii

Many persons and institutions contributed to the successful completion of this volume. First of all, I would like to thank each of the volume’s contributors for their chapters and for the convictions and expertise they brought to this exploration of church involvement with civil rights. ...

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pp. 1-18

In both popular and academic understandings of the American Civil Rights Movement, the emphasis has generally been on the heroic activism mobilized from the mid-1950s through the mid-1960s against the segregationist juggernaut of the American South. ...

Mid-Twentieth Century Church Activism Beyond the South

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Chapter 1: Black Church Divisions and Civil Rights Activism in Chicago

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pp. 21-38

In the mid-1940s, Richard Wright wrote, “no other community in America [has] been so intensely studied, [nor] has had brought to bear upon it so blinding a scrutiny as” black Chicago.1 Since then, scholarly interest in black Chicago has not slackened. ...

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Chapter 2: The NAACP, Black Churches, and the Struggle for Black Empowerment in New Haven, 1955–1961

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pp. 39-64

When the Reverend Edwin Edmonds passed away in November of 2007, the city of New Haven, Connecticut mourned the loss of the man rightfully described by the New Haven Independent as the city’s “premier civil-rights” leader. Over the course of his nearly fifty years of service to the Elm City, ...

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Chapter 3: Ruby Hurley, U.S. Protestantism, and NAACP Student Work, 1940–1950

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pp. 65-84

Ruby Hurley, the competent and beloved organizing director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People’s (NAACP) Southeast Region, is most well known for strategic work in the South during the height of the Civil Rights era. As regional director, from 1951 until her retirement in 1978, Hurley coordinated membership drives and school desegregation campaigns; ...

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Chapter 4: Black Churches, Peoples Temple, and Civil Rights Politics in San Francisco

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pp. 85-110

The black freedom struggle in Northern California conflated around persistent problems of residential segregation, job discrimination, education policy, police brutality, and housing which African Americans across the region faced in the decades between World War II and the turbulence of the Black Power phase of the struggle. ...

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Chapter 5: Philadelphia’s Opportunities Industrialization Center and the Black Church’s Quest for Economic Justice

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pp. 111-126

On the morning of June 29, 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson made a surprise visit to Philadelphia with an entourage that included his wife, Lady Bird Johnson, Sargent Shriver, the director of the Office of Economic Opportunity, Hugh Scott, the Republican Senator from Pennsylvania, and other close advisors. ...

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Chapter 6: The Black Panther Party and the Black Church

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pp. 127-144

Black churches have always played an integral role in black people’s fight against racial injustice and oppression. Many a freedom fighter has emerged from the black church. Henry Highland Garnett, a dynamic Presbyterian pastor, is one such example. Garnett gave a spellbinding oration at the 1843 National Negro Convention in Buffalo, New York, ...

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Chapter 7: Racial Discrimination and the Radical Politics of New York Clergyman, Milton A. Galamison

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pp. 145-164

One of the most controversial figures in New York City during the 1950s and 1960s was the Reverend Milton Arthur Galamison. Born on March 25, 1923 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Galamison became the leader of the school integration movement in New York, conducting a number of demonstrations and boycotts to force the Board of Education to integrate the largest school system in the nation. ...

Public Sphere Capital and Contemporary Rights Expectations

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Chapter 8: Black Clergy, Educational Fairness, and Pursuit of the Common Good

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pp. 167-188

The debate over school funding adequacy versus school choice has become a central battlefield for black clergy in the fight to lay claim to the Civil Rights Movement legacy—with both sides connecting their cause to the Movement. Americans on either side of this educational fairness debate cite America’s continued acceptance ...

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Chapter 9: Black Churches and Black Voter Suppression in Florida and Ohio

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pp. 189-202

Preserving and protecting black voting rights has been a constant struggle, dating back to the 1870s. One of the great beacons within the black community in countering vote suppression has been the black church, which is interpreted in this analysis as any congregation with a predominantly black membership. ...

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Chapter 10: African American Churches, Health Care, and the Health Reform Debate

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pp. 203-220

The mission statement of the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, which asserts its intention to “minister to the spiritual, intellectual, physical, emotional, and environmental needs of all people,” provides a window into black churches and their posture on the currently contested issue of health care within the U.S.1 ...

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Chapter 11: The Obama Administration, Faith-Based Policy, and Religious Groups’ Hiring Rights

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pp. 221-246

On February 5, 2009, less than a month into his presidency, Barack Obama formally announced the creation of his Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships. Drowned out by the swell of major events and crises occurring in the early months of the Obama administration, the announcement revealed Obama’s intention to follow through on a campaign pledge, ...

Prevailing Boundaries of Social Difference

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Chapter 12: Black Church Burnings in the 1990s and Faith-Based Responses

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pp. 249-268

Four decades after the beginnings of the mid-twentieth-century Civil Rights Movement, there were echoes both of oppression and activism as the United States again had to confront manifestations of racism—specifically racial hatred against faith communities—and public challenges to this hatred. ...

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Chapter 13: Civil Rights Rhetoric in Media Coverage of Marriage Equality Debates: Massachusetts and Georgia

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pp. 269-296

The civil rights movement1 of the 1950s and 1960s was characterized by tactics and rhetoric that demanded justice and equality in the laws and everyday public practices of the United States. During this period of history, certain extraordinary black Christians (and others) created activist strategies that highlighted the moral costs to American society of tolerating institutionally sanctioned inequalities. ...

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Chapter 14: The Feminization of HIV/AIDS and Passivity of Black Church Responses in Denver and Beyond

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pp. 297-314

The HIV virus first came to public attention in the United States in 1981. Initially, HIV/AIDS was thought of as a gay white men’s disease. During the years 1981–1987, statistics supported that belief given that gay white men were 51 percent of those infected, while African Americans collectively represented 28 percent. ...

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Chapter 15: Black Churches and African American Opinion on Immigration Policy

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pp. 315-326

This chapter assesses the impact clergy have on the immigration attitudes of African Americans. U.S trade policies with Mexico between 1986 and 1994 contributed to the dramatic increase in the ethnic diversity of American cities and subsequent contact between native-born blacks and Hispanic immigrants, the largest immigrant group in the United States.2 ...

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Chapter 16: Religious Others and a New Blackness in Post-9/11 California

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pp. 327-354

The devastating September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States intensified the pariah status of Muslims and numerous other religious minorities in the country. This is a dynamic traceable to the surveillant experiences of the African American organization, the Nation of Islam, more commonly known as the Black Muslims.1 ...


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pp. 355-358


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pp. 359-370

Back Cover

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p. 384-384

E-ISBN-13: 9781438447261
Print-ISBN-13: 9781438447254

Page Count: 381
Publication Year: 2013