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Reproducing Sectarianism

Advocacy Networks and the Politics of Civil Society in Postwar Lebanon

Paul W.T. Kingston

Publication Year: 2013

Examines the politics of civil society in modern Lebanon.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. iii-iv

Contents

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p. v-v

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Preface and Acknowledgements

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pp. v-x

My fascination with Lebanon and its politics has lasted a long time. It was the subject of my first attempt at writing an essay on the Middle East as an undergraduate at the University of Toronto. Later, I had my first opportunity to visit Lebanon in early 1992—just one year after the Syrians coercively brought an end to the Lebanese civil war—as part of ...

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Chapter 1: Advocacy Politics within Weak and Fragmented States: A Framework for Analysis

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pp. 1-20

Can active and dynamic civil societies make contributions to the strengthening of democratic policies and practices in weak and fragmented states? This is the guiding question in this book on the politics of civil society in postwar Lebanon. After a long fifteen-year period of civil conflict, Lebanon’s sectarian democracy—based on a (now) formal power-sharing agreement ...

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Chapter 2: Sectarian Democracy in Modern Lebanon: Its Emergence, Consolidation, and Reproduction

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pp. 21-54

What is sectarian democracy, why was it adopted as a way of governing Lebanese society, and why has it been so resilient, returning even after fifteen years of debilitating civil conflict? These are the questions that are discussed in this chapter. First, providing a precise definition of sectarian democracy is difficult outside of the context within which it operates. Certainly ...

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Chapter 3: Struggling for Civic Space: Associational Politics within Lebanon’s Postwar Sectarian Democracy

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pp. 55-84

One of the fascinating developments in Lebanon’s early postwar period— precipitated by the return of the Lebanese state—was the dramatic growth in civil society. Despite Syria’s growing presence, heightened sectarian tensions, and a lingering sense of uncertainty, the number of associations increased steadily in the 1990s at an annual rate of 250, creating ...

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Chapter 4: Confronting Sectarian “Veto Points”: Women’s Advocacy Politics in Postwar Lebanon

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pp. 85-128

Lebanon provides an interesting and paradoxical example of gendered citizenship. On the one hand, it is one of the more advanced societies in the Middle East region with respect to women’s literacy rates, women’s health indicators such as life expectancy at birth, and the percentage of women in higher education. On the other hand, statistics with respect ...

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Chapter 5: The “Greening” of Sectarianism: The Rise and Fall of Environmental Advocacy in Postwar Lebanon

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pp. 129-182

The “environment” was a new policy issue in postwar Lebanon. It emerged more robustly as a result of developments within the global arena at a time when Lebanon was embroiled in its long civil war. Hence, much of this chapter is about attempts by a variety of actors implicated within this emerging policy domain to define its parameters in the postwar world to ...

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Chapter 6: Chehabism from Below?: Disability Advocacy and the Challenge of Sustaining Policy Reform

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pp. 183-228

Lebanon has become the home to one of the most vibrant disability sectors in the Middle East. Paradoxically, it was a sector that only began to develop more fully out of the ravages and disabling effects of civil war. Supported by the rise of a global disability movement that was itself spearheaded by the rising consciousness of people with disabilities themselves, ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 229-234

Lebanon’s current political system has deep historical roots, dating back to developments in Mount Lebanon in the mid-nineteenth century. As a result of the contingent interaction between structural transformations in the region and the political machinations of European powers, Ottoman officials, and various local factions, a hybrid mix of republican and communal power-sharing institutions were established to govern the ...

Images

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pp. Image 1-Image 12

Notes

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pp. 235-301

Bibliography

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pp. 303-323

Index

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pp. 325-329

Back Cover

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p. 354-354


E-ISBN-13: 9781438447131
Print-ISBN-13: 9781438447117

Page Count: 352
Publication Year: 2013