Universities and Colleges as Economic Drivers
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: State University of New York Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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In late spring 2009 I arrived in New York State, the new chancellor of The State University of New York, by way of Ohio, where I had just concluded six years as president of the University of Cincinnati. In the handful of years between 2003 and 2009, my time as UCâs head, the United ...
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This book emerged as part of the planning for the SUNY Critical Issues conference, Universities as Economic Drivers, which was held in Buffalo, N.Y., in September 2011. We are grateful to all who attended that meeting. Our own understanding of the role of higher education ...
1. Higher Education and Economic Competitiveness
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Higher education plays an increasingly critical role in the economic competitiveness of local, state, and national economies. The factors driving the World Economic Forumâs Global Competitiveness Index are examined to illustrate how higher education has come to be viewed ...
2. The Diversity of University Economic Development Activities and Issues of Impact Measurement
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Drawing on a national scan of higher education economic development activities as well as a state-level study of the economic roles of campuses in a large public university system, this chapter describes the many ways in which colleges and universities promote and foster economic ...
3. Pitfalls of Traditional Measures of Higher Educationâs Role in Economic Development
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This chapter describes methodological approaches and pitfalls common to studies of the economic impact of colleges and universities. Such studies often claim preposterous levels of local benefits that imply annualized rates of return exceeding 100 percent. We address ...
4. On the Measurement of University Research Contributions to Economic Growth and Innovation
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The increasing complexity of university scientific research and the increasing pressure for accountability in public expenditures creates a challenging environment for the measurement of scientific productivity. Of course, the choices of metrics employed create different incentives ...
5. University Industry Government Collaboration for Economic Growth
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Higher education, industry, and government have been increasingly collaborating through the development of research centers. University-industry-government (UIG) research centers provide environments in which actors from multiple sectors of the innovation system come ...
6. The Convergence of Postsecondary Education and the Labor Market
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Over the past century, education became a primary means for achieving economic success in the United States. As more individuals pursued a post-secondary education, the country also benefited from enhanced economic competitiveness relative to other ...
7. The Essential Role of Community Colleges in Rebuilding the Nationâs Communities and Economies
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As human resource issues become more important in the economic development process, the American community college is playing a greater role in the decisions made by companies and communities. Community colleges bring much strength to economic development ...
8. The International Dimensions of Higher Educationâs Contributions to Economic Development
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This chapter analyzes the role of higher education in international trade and investment. We first examine how colleges and universities address international measures in seventy institutional economic impact reports. These reports highlight three core areas of importance for ...
9. Unanticipated Consequences of University Intellectual Property Policies
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While national legislation such as the 1981 Bayh-Dole Act created common pressures for American universities to commercialize the outcomes of faculty and student research, the act also created new tensions on campus. Those tensions hinged on the universityâs new role as owner ...
10. The Impact of the 2008 Great Recession on College and University Contributions to State and Regional Economic Growth
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At the time of the September 2011 SUNY conference on Universities as Economic Drivers, the United States and most of its colleges and universities were recovering from, or accommodating to, the collapse of state budgets, endowments, and family incomes. These economic ...
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Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 2012