Papers of the Fortieth Algonquian Conference
Actes du Congrès des Algonquinistes
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: State University of New York Press
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Language Keepers is an innovative approach combining descriptive linguistics, documentary video, and community outreach to organize speaker groups to use their first language in traditional and contemporary activities while recording it for language learning, dictionary development, research, cultural transmission, and revival. The language of Language Keepers is ...
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This paper is a fairly detailed look at ASSM Manuscript 34, Grammaire algonquine en latin (âAlgonquin grammar in Latinâ), one of the many Algonquin manuscripts in the Sulpician Archives in MontrĂ©al.1 It is one of the shortest manuscripts I have seen in the archives to date, only fifteen pages in length, yet in spite of its small size, as a manuscript purportedly ...
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Historians and ethnographers have debated the antiquity of the Midewiwin. Entrenched in historical discourse is Hickersonâs (1962, 1970) theory that the Midewiwin was a recent native resistance movement, a socio-evolutionary response to the changing culture patterns resulting from culture contact with Europeans. Other scholars view the Midewiwin as a syncretism, suggesting ...
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What is left of the Catholic heritage in Quebecâs Algonquian communities? This question is not only interesting for researchers studying belief systems, but also for those who follow and analyze Algonquian material heritage and the way in which they present their cultures to others. In fact, visitors to Algonquian communities are usually first shown the local church, especially ...
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When Canadaâs numbered treaties were signed, they named certain Aboriginal men as chiefs, giving them a place in Canadian history. Sometimes a man who was already a leader of his community retained and enhanced his position in becoming a treaty chief, as did Tapastanum of the Cree community of Pimicikamak (Cross Lake) when Treaty 5 was ...
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In this paper I seek to explain the peculiar distribution of /s/ in Blackfoot, viz., /s/ is the only phoneme that can occur in complex onsets, and geminate /ss/ is the only geminate that can occur between consonants.1 The data presented herein comes from Frantz and Russell (1995), which is currently the most widely used dictionary of Blackfoot and the only one still in ...
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This paper has emerged from my recent work with the Ontario Urban Aboriginal Task Force (UATF) and as a result of some of the challenges that I have experienced as a new faculty member with the Native Stud-ies department at the University of Sudbury. The UATF research and my experiences in the classroom have both pointed to the intensity and systemic ...
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Like other minority languages, but maybe even more so, Aboriginal languages are facing challenges in encountering information technology (henceforth IT). Our experience in helping develop resources for typing in Cree syllabics in the IT area (see also Jancewicz and Junker 2002) has led âą What are the best IT tools for promoting and preserving the ...
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According to Perlmutterâs (1978) Unaccusativity Hypothesis, intransitive verbs can be divided into two classes: unaccuSativE verbs, which have an underlying internal argument, such as a theme or patient, and unErgativE verbs, which have an underlying external argument, such as an agent. Van Valin (1990) identifies two types of languages based on the semantic factors ...
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Miami Tribe of Oklahoma Language Committee, San Diego State UniversityMyaamionki is the place of the myaamia. The miami people are my family. . . . I think the most important thing in myaamionki is that we are The quotation given above is an observation made by a fourteen-year-old Miami girl at the conclusion of an annual Miami language and culture youth ...
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This paper describes a National Science Foundation Endangered Language Initiative entitled âLanguage Keepers: Audio Visual Documentation of Passamaquoddy-Maliseet Group Discourse Centered on Historic Places as a Data Source for Dictionary Expansion, Linguistic Analysis, and Teaching Resources.â The authors are the co-principal investigators of this project. ...
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On 24 September 1875, Lieutenant Governor Alexander Morris and his party aboard the steamer Colvile arrived at Norway House, in what is today Manitoba. Morris was expecting to negotiate Treaty 5 with a single group of Aboriginal people. He was also expecting to negotiate for a specific area, as defined in the orders he had received from the Privy Council. It was not ...
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Over the last eight years, I have encountered Anishinaabeg1 who are terrified of owls. In some cases, this fear is so engrained in their consciousnesses that they are afraid to be in the same room with even the image of an owl. Some of these individuals declare that they were âmeant to dieâ or that they âare cursedâ when they see an owl. In one extreme case, I met a man who gave ...
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Le but de cet article est de dĂ©montrer que les traits Ï ne sont pas les seuls traits qui peuvent ĂȘtre hĂ©ritĂ©s de C0 Ă T0 (cf. Chomsky 2008, Richards 2007). En effet, nous proposons que T0 peut Ă©galement hĂ©riter de la tĂȘte C0 des traits d (discursifs/associĂ©s au discours). Ces traits sont des traits formels Ă part entiĂšre et, mĂȘme sâil y a des diffĂ©rences notables entre les ...
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Many a dance was held in Moose Factoryâs old carpentry shop, where Hudsonâs Bay Company ships were built and, later, treaty gatherings were sometimes held. Wedding dances and special holidays provided an occasion to celebrate and relax at this trading post, established by the HBC in 1673. The 1859 New Yearâs Day dance was an especially memorable one, for ...
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Beginning in 1954, the Welfare Council of Winnipeg organized annual conferences devoted to providing âan opportunity for people of Indian origin and those of non-Indian origin to join together in discussing problems of mutual concernâ (Welfare Council of Greater Winnipeg1 1961:i). It thus brought together both status Indians and Metis of Manitoba, and Metis at ...
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All Quebec Natives were Christianized. Not all remained followers of the faith in which they were evangelized, but most adopted Christian ritual gestures, such as making the sign of the cross or kneeling to pray, or the attitude of respect and recollection in a sacred place (serious demeanor, head down). Quebec Natives also kept rituals which were integrated within ...
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Nindan ikidowinan nâgii zhibiiamawâag nokomisinanigba miinwaa These words I wrote for our grandmothers and grandfathers who are Zaam noongo e-Anishinaabemjig dabaadaamaagwa, gii nitaam-Anishinaabe-Because I am talking about those who use the Anishinaabe language Nâgii Zhaaganaashi-biige name. Debwe-edamying ikidowinan eta name gaa ...
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The long-standing conventional wisdom regarding the languages of hunter-gatherers was that their societies have so little sociological differentiation that there are no grounds for particular hunter-gatherer languages or particular varieties of hunter-gatherer languages to have sufficient prestige to function as trade languages. However, in Rhodes (1982) it was shown ...
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On what he described as a âstormy and very uncomfortable dayâ in September of 1772, Mohegan minister Samson Occom stood before a crowd of thousands at the First Congregational Church in New Haven, Connecticut and delivered the execution sermon for Moses Paul, a Wampanoag man slated to be hanged later that day. Preaching on the âwages of sinâ and the ...
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In many Aboriginal communities of northern Alberta and elsewhere, Pente-costalism is the preeminent religious movement. This religionâs supposedly anticultural (Dombrowski 2001) stance would appear to be at odds with the culturally conservative nature of many such communities in most other respects.1 The reality of how Pentecostalism interacts with other locally ...
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The following errata are found in the article titled Building Search Engines for Algonquian Languages, by Marie-Odile Junker and Terry Stewart, which p. 378: The following paragraph is missing at the beginning of the Building effective resources that help preserve Native American languages presents many challenges. Although resources like dictionaries are ...
Page Count: 416
Publication Year: 2012