Azazel and Satanael in Early Jewish Demonology
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: State University of New York Press
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The format and the style of the original publications have been changed to comply with the standards of the collection. Some alterations also have been made due to printing errors or obvious errors of fact. Some footnotes have been omitted as they appeared in more than one essay...
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Introduction. Lightless Shadows: Symmetry of Good and Evil in Early Jewish Demonology
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In recent years there has been a renewed interest in the study of the symmetrical patterns found in early Jewish apocalyptic literature. In this literature protological and eschatological times seem to be understood as periods that mirror each other. One instance of this symmetry of protology and eschatology can be found in the early Jewish pseudepigraphon known to...
"The Likeness of Heaven": Kavod of Azazel in the Apocalypse of Abraham
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Chapter 14 of the Apocalypse of Abraham, a Jewish pseudepigraphon written in the first centuries CE, unveils an enigmatic tradition about the unusual power given to the main antagonist of the story, the fallen angel Azazel. In the text, Abrahamâs celestial guide, the angel Yahoel, warns his human apprentice, the hero of the faith, that God endowed his chief eschatological...
Eschatological Yom Kippur in the Apocalypse of Abraham: The Scapegoat Ritual
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In the second part of the Apocalypse of Abraham its heroâthe patriarch Abrahamâencounters an angelic being appointed by God to be his celestial guide. This creature, named in the apocalypse as the angel Yahoel, baffles the seerâs imagination with his enigmatic appearance. The text describes him as a composite pteromorphic being with a body shining like sapphire...
The Garment of Azazel in the Apocalypse of Abraham
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The Apocalypse of Abraham baffles its readersâ imaginations with a plethora of sacerdotal motifs. From its very first lines, this enigmatic text strives to portray young Abraham and his relatives as cultic servants performing priestly duties in a sanctuary filled with idolatrous statues. The readers of the text soon recognize that its peculiar cultic concerns permeate the fabric of the...
The Watchers of Satanael: The Fallen Angels Traditions in 2 (Slavonic) Enoch
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The first part of 2 Enoch, a Jewish pseudepigraphon written in the first century CE, deals with the heavenly ascent of the seventh antediluvian hero carried by his angelic psychopomps to the abode of the deity. Slowly progressing through the heavens while receiving detailed explanations of their content from his angelic interpreters, in one of them, the patriarch encounters the...
Satan and the Visionary: Apocalyptic Roles of the Adversary in the Temptation Narrative of the Gospel of Matthew
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Scholars believe that the stories of Jesusâ temptation by Satan found in Matthew and Luke emanated from Q. Both of them are also informed by the temptation narrative found in the Gospel of Mark. The accounts found in Matthew and Luke are different in several aspects. One of the differences is that the Gospel of Luke, similar to the Gospel of Mark, states...
The Flooded Arboretums: The Garden Traditions in the Slavonic Version of 3 Baruch and the Book of Giants
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The apocalypse known as 3 Baruch depicts a celestial tour during which an angelic guide leads a visionary through five heavens, revealing to him the wonders of the upper realm. Scholars have noted that some details of this heavenly journey resonate with the visionary accounts found in Enochic materials. Despite the similarities, the author of 3 Baruch seems to avoid...
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Page Count: 256
Publication Year: 2011