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Questioning Nineteenth-Century Assumptions about Knowledge, III

Dualism

Richard E. Lee, Immanuel Wallerstein

Publication Year: 2010

A provocative survey of interdisciplinary challenges to the concept of dualism. During the last few decades, the fundamental premises of the modern view of knowledge have been increasingly called into question. Questioning Nineteenth-Century Assumptions about Knowledge III: Dualism provides an in-depth look at the debates surrounding the status of “dualism” in the sciences, social sciences, and the humanities in detailed and wide-ranging discussions among experts from across the disciplines. The extent to which the questionable necessity of a transcendent nomos; individualistic approaches versus systems ontology; rationality—material and formal—and how scholars might overcome the two cultures divide might impinge on the possibility, but not the inevitability, of progress are among the issues explored here. Weaving together in-depth articles and invigorating follow up discussions, this volume showcases debates over the status and validity of dualism. Of special interest are developing alternatives to traditional dualistic categories through an innovative, new approach based on biological naturalism; challenges to the dualism of people and things; the imperfectness and subjectivity of perception; and the overcoming the dualism of philosophy and science.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Participants

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pp. vii-

Illustrations

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pp. ix-

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Foreword

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pp. xi-xii

This volume is one of three in a series devoted to the theme: “Questioning Nineteenth-Century Assumptions about Know ledge.” The project was organized by Jean-Pierre Dupuy (a philosopher of science affiliated...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-4

Following the 2004 and 2005 meetings held at Stanford University and in Paris, dealing with “determinism” and “reductionism” respectively, the third of the three symposia on “Questioning Nineteenth-Century Assumptions about Knowledge” underwritten by the Gulbenkian foundation was...

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SESSION I. Why Dualism (and Materialism) Fail to Account for Consciousness

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pp. 5-48

I interpret the statement of purpose by the organizers as implying that a primary aim of this series of meetings is to critically examine, and possibly overcome, a set of traditional philosophical categories. We were all brought up on these categories, but many of them appear to be obsolete...

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SESSION II. After Dualism

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pp. 49-103

I’m honored by the invitation to write a paper for discussion at this conference. I don’t present a measured review of the literature on dualism and challenges to dualism; what follows are basically my own thoughts from my...

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SESSION III. The Imperfect Observer: Mind, Machines, and Materialism in the Twenty-first Century

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pp. 105-152

I was asked to write this paper on dualism from the perspective of the “natural sciences.” Most contemporary scientists are physicalists, believing that the universe is entirely physical, and it is from this perspective that I am...

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SESSION IV. Organizers’ Opening Remarks

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pp. 153-179

I would like to start with two lovely Jewish stories which illustrate much better than any arid philosophical analysis some of the points that we have made. Even though both of these stories seem to conclude with a message of renunciation, the friends who related them to me can in no case....

Index

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pp. 181-192


E-ISBN-13: 9781438434094
E-ISBN-10: 143843409X
Print-ISBN-13: 9781438434070
Print-ISBN-10: 1438434073

Page Count: 204
Illustrations: 1 table
Publication Year: 2010

Edition: 1
Series Title: Fernand Braudel Center Studies in Historical Social Science