Fighting for Girls
New Perspectives on Gender and Violence
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: State University of New York Press
FIGHTING FOR GIRLS
FIGHTING FOR GIRLS
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TABLES AND FIGURES
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A decade into the twenty-first century, it seems like the news about girls is increasingly alarming. Of course, weâve always had âbadâ girls. Longfellow, no less, penned, that âwhen she was good she was very good indeed, and when she was bad, she was horridâ (Longfellow, 2004). In the waning decades of the twentieth century, though, the public was jolted by media...
PART I: REAL TRENDS IN FEMALE VIOLENCE: GETTING TOUGH ON GIRLS
ONE: HAVE âGIRLS GONE WILDâ?
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Britney, Paris, Lindsay . . . poster girls-gone-wild for âthe new normalcy of addiction for young womenâ and âthe dwindling state of young womenâs mental health,â as one progressive author declares (Martin, 2007, 2007a)? Drunken driving, hard drugs, crazed standoffs, wild hookup sex, even beatings and gunsâare pop starlets run amuck the new American Everygirl? ...
TWO: CRIMINALIZING ASSAULT Do Age and Gender Matter?
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Waves of unprecedented statutory changes beginning in the l970s have altered how police respond to domestic violence. Due to the interplay of activist pressure, research, and political imperatives, legislators have enacted legislation and police departments have implemented policies that have produced a marked increase in arrest rates (see, e.g., Chaney & Saltzstein, ...
THREE: JAILING âBADâ GIRLS Girlsâ Violence and Trends in Female Incarceration
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Mass incarceration has long characterized the landscape of adult criminal justice in the United States. Unlike other nations of the developed world that have sought to decrease their reliance on incarceration or at least kept incarceration rates level, our country has opted for penal sanctions for a wide array of offenses committed by adults (Mauer & Chesney-Lind, 2003). ...
PART II: GIRLSâ VIOLENCE: INSTITUTIONAL CONTEXTS AND CONCERNS
FOUR: THE GENDERING OF VIOLENCE IN INTIMATE RELATIONSHIPS: How Violence Makes Sex Less Safe for Girls
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Adolescence, the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood, is a time when youth begin to explore sexual and romantic intimacy with others as part of their biological, psychological, and social maturation. Although such intimate relationships can be, and ideally are, supportive, nurturing, enjoyable, and healthy, in some cases the relationships are marked by...
FIVE: POLICING GIRLHOOD?: Relational Aggression and Violence Prevention
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The turn of the century has been characterized by an increased attention to girlsâ violence and aggression. Much of the intense media interest in girlsâ violence is the product of dramatic increases in girlsâ arrests for non-traditional, violent offenses. Between 1980 and 2000, for example, girlsâ arrests for aggravated assault, simple assault, and weapons law violations increased...
SIX: âI DONâT KNOW IF YOU CONSIDER THAT AS VIOLENCE . . .â: Using Attachment Theory to Understand Girlsâ Perspectives on Violence
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Public discourse often presumes a common understanding of girlsâ violenceâas if we all know it when we see it. Our perceptions, however, are shaped by powerful media images drawing attention to the latest sensationalized case, be it a âbaby-faced butcherâ (Lovett, 2004), inner-city âgangstasâ (Begum, 2006; Maher & Curtis, 1995), or âmeanâ suburban brawlers (Simmons, ...
SEVEN: REDUCING AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIORIN ADOLESCENT GIRLS BY ATTENDING TO SCHOOL CLIMATE
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Where we live, study, work, and spend our time, and the relationships that are a part of our everyday lives, affect us deeply. The characteristics, climate, and tone of social contexts and locations such as schools and communities frame the dynamics of our interpersonal relationships and contribute to our behavior in ways that serve either to support or discourage the use of...
EIGHT: NEGOTIATIONS OF THE LIVING SPACE: Life in the Group Home for Girls Who Use Violence
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Ruth was 17 years old when she moved into the group home where I was working. She had experienced horrendous abuse and violence in her family home, woken in the mornings by her stepfatherâs hands around her throat. She was running away from home, struggling in school, and feeling desperate. I was certain that she was better off living at the group home; I was sure we could provide a safe and comforting space to live, support her in school, and work with her...
PART III: GIRLSâ VIOLENCE: EXPLANATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS
NINE: âITâS ABOUT BEING A SURVIVOR . . .â: African American Girls, Gender, and the Context of Inner-City Violence
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Tracey and Kiara, African American women in their early twenties,1 shared these strikingly similar remarks with me during the course of my field research in Philadelphia (2001â2003) and San Francisco (2005âpresent). Despite coming of age on opposite coasts of the country, the two young women expressed a concern with âsurvivalâ that has become a defining feature of...
TEN: THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTEXT IN THE PRODUCTION OF OLDER GIRLSâ VIOLENCE: Implications for the Focus of Interventions
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Numerous studies have established that, throughout adolescence, girls are much less likely than boys to attack, fight, or hit other people (Wolfgang, Thornberry, & Figlio, 1987; Osgood, Johnston, OâMalley, & Bacherman, 1988; Elliott, Huizinga, & Menard, 1989; Maguire & Pastore, 1997; Snyder & Sickmund, 1999; McCurley & Snyder, 2004: 6). This finding holds for...
EPILOGUE: MORAL PANICS,VIOLENCE,AND THE POLICING OF GIRLS Reasserting Patriarchal Control in the New Millennium
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Ten years ago, Meda Chesney-Lind (1999) observed that many academics, journalists, politicians, and members of the general public were accessing âone of the oldest traditions within criminologyâsensationalizing womenâs violent crimesâ (1). This statement still holds true in North America today and there is ample evidence that âthings are set to get worseâ (Silvestri &...
ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS
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Page Count: 276
Illustrations: 28 tables, 5 figures
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: SUNY series in Women, Crime, and Criminology
Series Editor Byline: Meda Chesney-Lind, Russ Immarigeon