Makers of Modern Korean Buddhism
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: State University of New York Press
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I would like to express my sincere appreciation to Professor Sung Bae Park for his support for this project and for making this volume a part of SUNY Series in Korean Studies. I would like to thank Steven Heine for his support for this project and acknowledgment of the importance of this volume. I also thank Professor John Gould for his critical reading of the essays in this volume and helpful com-...
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Introduction: Buddhism and Modernity in Korea
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Buddhismâ€™s encounters with modernity appear in different forms, depending on the regional specifics and historical contexts in which these encounters took place. In the West, the encounter resulted in the introduction of Buddhism to the Western world, which was followed by the emergence of a modern style of Buddhist scholarship and of new forms of Buddhism. In the context of Asia,...
Part One: Modernity, Colonialism, and Buddhist Reform
Individual Salvation and Compassionate Action: The Life and Thoughts of Paek YongsĹŹng1
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The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were a troubled period in Korean history marked by the political failure of the ChosĹŹn dynasty (1392â€“1910) and Japanese oppression and colonialism (1910â€“1945). For modern Korean Buddhists in general, and for Paek YongsĹŹng (1864â€“1940) in particular, this period represents a time when freedom, independence, purity, vigor, and sensitivity to ...
A Korean Buddhist Response to Modernity: Manhae Han Yongunâ€™s Doctrinal Reinterpretation for His Reformist Thought1
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During the first half of the twentieth century, Korean Buddhism had to deal with two challenges: It had to overcome the effect of the anti-Buddhist policies of the Confucian ChosĹŹn dynasty (1392â€“1910), under which Buddhism had suffered institutionally, doctrinally, and socially; at the same time, it also had to transform itself into a religion that was compatible with the new society ...
Sot'aesan's Creation of Won Buddhism through the Reformation of Korean Buddhism
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This chapter attempts to clarify the relationship between Won Buddhism and Korean Buddhism by discussing (1) a history of the foundation of Won Buddhism, (2) Sot'aesan's reformation of Korean Buddhism, (3) the four platforms of Won Buddhist teaching, and (4) its central doctrines....
Yi NĹnghwa, Buddhism, and the Modernization of Korea: A Critical Review1
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Th is essay examines Yi NĹnghwaâ€™s (1869â€“1943) role in the modernization of Korea in the early twentieth century. Th e primary concern of this essay will be to assess Yiâ€™s literary activities and his view of Buddhism based on two of his major works, Paekkyo hoetâ€™ong (Harmonization of All Religions) and ChosĹŹn Pulgyo tâ€™ongsa (A Comprehensive History of Korean Buddhism, hereafter, History of Korean Buddhism). Yi NĹnghwa considered Buddhism a useful teaching that...
Gendered Response to Modernity: Kim IryĹŹp and Buddhism1
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Discussions of Buddhist modernity in Asia have frequently characterized the phenomenon with the emergence of nationalism, mass-proselytization, lay Buddhist movements, and the influence of political situations such as imperialism, communism, and colonialism, to name a few.2 Th e modern period in Korean Buddhism was the time for reform.3 Whether it takes the form of a revival of ...
Part Two: Revival of Zen Buddhism in Modern Korea
Mirror of Emptiness: The Life and Times of the SĹŹn Master KyĹŹnghĹŹ SĹŹngu1
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SĹŹn Buddhism (C. Chan; J. Zen) is the dominant form of Buddhism in modern Korea. Th e developmentsâ€”historically as well as doctrinallyâ€”leading up to the current situation began more than twelve hundred years ago during the Silla dynasty (c. 300â€“936). In the course of its long history, the Korean SĹŹn tradition has experienced several periods of prosperity as well as periods of decline. The...
SĹŹn Master Manâ€™gong and Cogitations of a Colonized Religion
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This essay seeks to examine the life of Buddhist monk, Manâ€™gong (1872â€“1946), during the Japanese occupation of Korea (1910â€“1945), and his prominent role in the struggle against the attempted colonization of Korean Buddhism. This role becomes quite significant when we consider that the occupying Japanese authorities had made a concerted effort to restructure the basic institutions of...
SĹŹn Master Pang Hanam: A Preliminary Consideration of His Thoughts According to the Five Regulations for the Saáą…gha1
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Pang Hanam (1876â€“1951) played a prominent role in the making of modern Korean Buddhism. One of KyĹŹnghĹŹâ€™s main disciples, Hanam is widely perceived as an awakened SĹŹn master and teacher who furthered the revival of Korean SĹŹn practice.2 During the last two decades of his life, Hanam also was one of the representative spiritual leaders of Korean Buddhism, elected and reconfirmed...
Zen Master Tâ€™oeâ€™ong SĹŹngchâ€™ĹŹlâ€™s Doctrine of Zen Enlightenment and Practice
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Th is essay investigates Tâ€™oeâ€™ong SĹŹngchâ€™ĹŹlâ€™s (1912â€“1993) theory of â€śsudden enlightenment and sudden practiceâ€ť (K. tono tonsu) based on his theory of Th ree Gates and its implication in SĹŹngchâ€™ĹŹlâ€™s view on hwadu (C. huatou) meditation. Through a series of publications and lectures, SĹŹngchâ€™ĹŹl presented a â€śradical subitistâ€ť theory of Buddhist soteriology as the authentic form of Zen practice. By so doing, he...
SĹŹn Master Daehaengâ€™s â€śDoing without Doingâ€ť
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SĹŹn Master Daehaeng is one of the most influential Buddhist teachers in Korea today. As a traditional Buddhist nun in a patriarchal society, she founded a temple, Hanmaum Seon Center (K. HanmaĹm sĹŹnwĹŹn), which has grown to 25 Korean and international branches, and has more than 30,000 families registered as members. In addition to being the teacher of over 150 ordained nuns and...
Part Three: Religion, History, and Politics
Th e Japanese Missionaries and Their Impact on Korean Buddhist Developments (1876â€“1910)1
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This work deals with the interactions between the Japanese Buddhist missionaries and the Korean monkhood in the turbulent early modern period of Korean history, which began with the conclusion of Koreaâ€™s first â€śunequalâ€ť treaty with Japan in 1876 and ended with Japanese annexation of the whole country in 1910. As Korea was peripherized and increasingly drawn into Japanâ€™s fledgling ...
Minjung Buddhism: A Buddhist Critique of the Status Quoâ€”Its History, Philosophy, and Critique
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In the dawn of October 27, 1980, the peace of the Buddhist headquarters and over three thousand monasteries throughout South Korea was broken at 6.00 a.m. by the forced entry of martial law troops. They arrested conservative leaders and abbots, fifty-five monks in all, investigated ninety-eight others, and detained ten monks and eight laymen. This operation continued over four days. Some ...
Formation of Modern Buddhist Scholarship: Th e Cases of Pak Chonghong and Kim Tonghwa1
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With the collapse of the ChosĹŹn dynasty (1392â€“1910), during which Confucianism had been adopted as an overarching social system, anti-Buddhist policy began to make changes. Modern Korean Buddhism is generally regarded as having begun in 1895, the year marking the lifting of the measure prohibiting Buddhist monks...
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Glossary of East Asian Characters
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Page Count: 392
Illustrations: 1 table
Publication Year: 2009
Series Title: SUNY series in Korean Studies
Series Editor Byline: Sung Bae Park