Ellis Island of the West
Publication Year: 1983
Published by: State University of New York Press
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List of Illustrations
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Directory of Organizations
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Most American Jews are descended from, or were themselves, immigrants who arrived at the Port of New York during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. While Jews are now found in all areas of the country, many still retain family remembrances of life on the Lower ...
CHAPTER 1. Origins
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The first large-scale pogroms broke out ostensibly as a reaction to the assassination of Czar Alexander II on March 13, 1881. They began at Easter and continued into the summer. In a hundred localities throughout the southern provinces of Russia, the scene was always ...
CHAPTER 2. 1907: Activity and Controversy
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The groups of Jewish immigrants arriving in Galveston during the summer of 1907 established a certain routine which, allowing for modification to meet changing conditions, remained throughout the history of the Galveston Movement. At its peak, the ITO's Jewish Emigration ...
CHAPTER 3. 1908-1909: The Economic Depression
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In January 1908, Waldman sent his assistant, Henry P. Goldstein, on a tour of the West, in which he visited the Jewish communities of thirty-two cities. Fourteen of these communities had not previously been connected with the Galveston Movement, and the other eighteen ...
CHAPTER 4. 1910: Deportations!
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The seemingly endless stream of immigration which was coming in from Southern and Eastern Europe triggered a growing nativist sentiment among many Americans whose ancestors had come from Britain and Western Europe. These "old stock" Americans bitterly complained ...
CHAPTER 5. The Battle of the Bureaus
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The activity surrounding the deportation action created a warlike atmosphere in the V.S. Immigration and Naturalization Bureau as well as in the Jewish Immigrants' Information Bureau. The deportation of July 27, 1910, had largely been instigated by the Inspector ...
CHAPTER 6. 1911: A Weakened Movement Resumes Operations
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The deportations of 1910 presented the Galveston Movement with the worst crisis of its existence, a setback from which it never fully recovered. While the legal battles were being fought, shipments of immigrants were severely curtailed. In January 1911, upon the favorable ...
CHAPTER 7. 1912: Difficulties in Recruitment
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A shocking incident at the end of 1911 resulted in a readjustment of managerial responsibilities at the beginning of 1912. The incident had occurred October 15, 1911, when a freshly-arrived seventeen-year-old female immigrant, who was staying at the JIIB's immigrant quarters, was
CHAPTER 8. 1913: The Rothschilds Withdraw, and a Hernia "Epidemic" Breaks Out
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From its inception in 1907, the ITO's Emigration Regulation Department, which was in charge of Galveston Movement operations, was supported by a special fund which had been established by its treasurer, Mr. Leopold de Rothschild of London, and his brother ...
CHAPTER 9. 1914: The End of a Movement
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Ever since the beginning of 1913, Henry Berman, manager of the Jewish Immigrants' Information Bureau, had expressed the desire to leave Galveston. l He had agreed to remain, however, until a suitable replacement could be found. It was only toward the end ...
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Credits for Illustrations
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Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 1983