Rivalry and Alliance Politics in Cold War Latin America
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
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This book began a decade ago in a directed reading course with Paul Sigmund on Latin American international relations, an intellectually intense experience that reoriented my thinking in several ways. My background had been in US foreign policy toward Latin America, but I began to explore a larger terrain of regional interactions. My native Californian focus on Mexico and the Caribbean...
1. Explaining Rivalry and Rapprochement in Cold War Latin America
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Why do international rivalries persist despite incentives to cooperate, and how can states resolve these conflicts? Conventional wisdom in international relations identifies a common enemy as the most prominent source of cooperation between adversaries, but external threat only rarely delivers lasting reconciliation...
2. Parochial Interest and Policy Change
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In this chapter, I develop a parochial interest theory of international rivalry maintenance and the prospects for rapprochement. I argue that government agencies with vested interests in the policies associated with rivalry will act to prevent national leaders from achieving cooperation with the rival country, except when two conditions are satisfied: first, the emergence of an alternative...
3. Antagonism and Anti-Communism in Argentine-Brazilian Relations
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Argentina and Brazil, the two largest countries in South America in terms of territory, population, and economic might, maintained a strategic rivalry from in dependence until 1980.1 From territorial disputes and two wars in the nineteenth century to conflicting hydroelectric energy projects and nuclear ambitions in the twentieth, competition dominated the relationship. Meanwhile, leaders frequently...
4. The 1959 Cuban Revolution and Central American Rivalries
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In Cold War Latin America, anti-Communism and the shared threat of leftist insurgency provided an important stimulus for rapprochement among interstate rivals. However, a common foe was not a sufficient cause of cooperation between Argentina and Brazil: as the previous chapter demonstrated, three presidential summits unsuccessfully attempted to overcome rivalry between 1947 and...
5. The 1980s Debt Crisis and Andean Rivalries
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Among states with a common adversary, with alternative missions readily available for the armed forces, the degree of state resource constraint affected leaders’ ability to achieve rapprochement, as the previous chapter demonstrated in Central American rivalries facing the threat posed by the 1959 Cuban Revolution. Conversely, if several rivals faced serious resource constraints, then to...
6. From the Cold War to the Global War on Terrorism
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In Cold War Latin America, interstate rivalries often persisted because state agencies on both sides had vested interests in maintaining the status quo of protracted conflict. Despite Latin American armed forces’ increasing attention to the threat of Communist insurgency, rapprochement between rival anti- Communist countries was a rare outcome, one that occurred only when state...
7. The Organizational Politics of Conflict Resolution
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Why do many rival governments fail to cooperate when facing parallel internal security threats and sharing the same great power allies, while a few succeed? Under what conditions are diplomatic efforts by heads of state likely to achieve rapprochement instead of collapsing into discord and recrimination? Why did rivalries among anti-Communist governments so frequently mar the unity of...
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Page Count: 320
Illustrations: 11 line drawings
Publication Year: 2014