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Freshwater Fishes of North America

Volume 1: Petromyzontidae to Catostomidae

edited by Melvin L. Warren, Jr., and Brooks M. Burr illustrated by Joseph R. Tomelleri

Publication Year: 2014

Widely anticipated, this three-volume work is the result of decades of analysis and synthesis by leading fish experts from a variety of universities and research laboratories. Each volume covers the ecology, morphology, reproduction, distribution, behavior, taxonomy, conservation, and the fossil record of specific North American fish families. The encyclopedic reviews of each fish family are accompanied by artwork created by noted fish illustrator Joseph R. Tomelleri as well as color photographs and maps. The result is a rich textual and visual experience. Volume One covers North American fish assemblages, reproductive behavior, and the following families of fishes: Petromyzontidae (Lampreys) Dasyatidae (Whiptail Stingrays) Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) Polyodontidae (Paddlefishes) Lepisosteidae (Gars) Amiidae (Bowfins) Hiodontidae (Mooneyes) Anguillidae (Freshwater Eels) Engraulidae (Anchovies) Cyprinidae (Carps and Minnows) Catostomidae (Suckers) The chapter authors included in Volume 1 are: William E. Bemis Micah G. Bennett Michael D. Burns Brooks M. Burr Anthony L. Echelle Nicholas J. Gidmark Carter R. Gilbert Howard S. Gill Lance Grande Alex Haro Phillip M. Harris Eric J. Hilton Lisa J. Hopman Gregory Hubbard Bernard R. Kuhajda William J. Matthews Deborah A. McLennan Ian C. Potter Claude B. Renaud Stephen T. Ross Michael Sandel Andrew M. Simons Melvin L. Warren, Jr. Certain to stand among the reference books of choice for anyone interested in the continent’s aquatic ecosystems, Freshwater Fishes of North America will answer the questions you have about our diverse, yet too often imperiled, fish fauna.

Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv


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pp. v-vi

List of Contributors

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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-xvi

The North American freshwater fi sh fauna comprises a little more than 1,200 native species in 50 families. It is the most thoroughly studied and largest temperate fi sh fauna (Page & Burr 2011) in the world. In comparison, an analysis and compendium of Eu ro pe an freshwater fi shes included 546 native species in about 24 families (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007); Eu rope is about one- third the land area...


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pp. xvii-xx

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Chapter 1 Evolution and Ecology of North American Freshwater Fish Assemblages

Stephen T. Ross and William J. Matthews

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pp. 1-49

Fish assemblages in North America comprise a rich array of species with attendant diversity in morphology, physiology, behavior, ecol ogy, life history, and range of habitats. We suspect that, among the world’s largest continental fi sh assemblages, the North American assemblage has the distinction of being the most thoroughly studied. Even so, much remains to be learned at even the most basic levels....

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Chapter 2 Mating Behavior of North American Freshwater Fishes

Deborah A. McLennan

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pp. 50-104

Behavior mediates four major components of evolution: what you eat (including how not to be eaten), where you live, with whom you mate, and what you do with the off spring resulting from those matings. In this chapter, I focus my attention on one of these components, sex. Breder & Rosen (1966) needed 675 pages to describe the known reproductive behaviors of fishes at that time. Our...

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Chapter 3 Petromyzontidae: Lampreys

Ian C. Potter, Howard S. Gill, and Claude B. Renaud

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pp. 105-139

Lampreys (Petromyzontiformes) and Hagfi shes (Myxiniformes), which are both scaleless and eel- like in body form (Fig. 3.1), are the sole surviving representatives of the agnathan ( jawless) stage in chordate evolution (Hardisty 1982, 2006; Forey & Janvier 1993). The Lampreys comprise 38 species in 10 genera (Potter & Gill 2003), together with the Drin Brook Lamprey...

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Chapter 4 Dasyatidae: Whiptail Stingrays

Michael D. Burns, Carter R. Gilbert, and Melvin L. Warren, Jr.

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pp. 140-159

The Whiptail Stingrays (Dasyatidae) are members of the order Myliobatiformes (Stingrays), a group of 10 families that are included, together with 3 other orders, in the subdivision Batoidea of the class Chondrichthyes (Cartilaginous Fishes) (McEachran & Aschlimann 2004; Nelson 2006). Whiptail Stingrays are members of the superfamily Dasyatoidea, which also includes the families Potamotrygonidae (River Stingrays), Gymnuridae (Butterfly Rays), and Myliobatidae (Ea gle Rays)....

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Chapter 5 Acipenseridae: Sturgeons

Bernard R. Kuhajda

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pp. 160-206

The Acipenseridae consist of 25 extant species in 4 genera, including 17 species in Acipenser, 2 in Huso, 3 in Pseudoscaphirhynchus, and 3 in Scaphirhynchus (Birstein & Bemis 1997; Birstein et al. 1997a; Billard & Lecointre 2001; Ludwig 2008). The word “acipenser” is the Latin name for Sturgeon. Sturgeons occur on all continents in the Northern Hemisphere and are almost completely restricted to the northern temperate zone (Bemis & Kynard 1997; Choudhury & Dick 1998). The greatest diversity of Sturgeons...

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Chapter 6 Polyodontidae: Paddlefishes

Bernard R. Kuhajda

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pp. 207-242

The family Polyodontidae, the Paddlefi shes, has only two living species, the Chinese Paddlefi sh, Psephurus gladius, and the North American Paddlefish, Polyodon spathula (Fig. 6.1), although numerous fossil Paddlefishes date back to >100 mya. The Paddlefi sh was originally described as a Shark (Chondrichthyes, Cartilaginous Fishes) in the late 1700s due to its cartilaginous skeleton, jaw structure, and shark-like tail, but Paddlefishes are actually ancient bony...

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Chapter 7 Lepisosteidae: Gars

Anthony A. Echelle and Lance Grande

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pp. 243-278

Living Gars are easily identified by their torpedo-shaped bodies encased in hard, rhombohedral- shaped scales, their posteriorly set median fins, and their elongate bills lined with sharply pointed teeth. Today’s Gars (order Lepisosteiformes) include seven species, five in eastern North America and one each in Cuba and the tropics of Central America. They are living fossils in the sense of Hubbs & Lagler (1958:30) and Wiley & Schultze (1984)....

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Chapter 8 Amiidae: Bowfins

Brooks M. Burr and Micah G. Bennett

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pp. 279-298

The family Amiidae, the Bowfins, has only one living species, the North American Bowfin (Amia calva), although numerous (about nine genera) fossil Bowfins date back to Early Cretaceous times (118 mya). Originally described by Linnaeus (1766) from a specimen sent to him from Charleston, South Carolina, this morphologically distinctive fish has ≥11 recognized synonyms (Jordan & Evermann 1896; Eschmeyer & Fricke 2011)....

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Chapter 9 Hiodontidae: Mooneyes

Eric J. Hilton, William E. Bemis, and Lance Grande

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pp. 299-312

The family Hiodontidae, the Mooneyes (subdivision Osteoglossomorpha, order Hiodontiformes), contains two species that are considered living fossils and are similar to other basal groups of fi shes (e.g., Gars, Lepisosteidae; Bowfins, Amiidae) in having a long fossil record from the fresh waters of North America and being species-poor relative to the extant fauna. The sister-order to the...

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Chapter 10 Anguillidae: Freshwater Eels

Alex Haro

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pp. 313-331

Given their unique life history, ecol ogy, adaptations, migrations, and behaviors, anguillid Eels, or Freshwater Eels (Anguillidae: Anguilliformes, Eels), comprise perhaps one of the most familiar, common, geo graph i cally widely dispersed, yet enigmatic and poorly understood groups of fi shes. The family name Anguillidae is formed from the Latin root for Eel and is related to “anguis,” snake (Boschung & Mayden 2004). Their simple and familiar...

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Chapter 11 Engraulidae: Anchovies

Lisa J. Hopman and Carter R. Gilbert

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pp. 332-353

The Engraulidae (Anchovies) is a member of the order Clupeiformes (Herrings), a taxonomically welldifferentiated group of five families forming one of the more basal groups of teleostean fishes (Nelson 2006). The most distinctive morphological characters of Anchovies are their large mouths and rounded snouts. Anchovies are usually small, silvery, schooling fishes that generally feed...

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Chapter 12 Cyprinidae: Carps and Minnows

Nicholas J. Gidmark and Andrew M. Simons

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pp. 354-450

The family Cyprinidae (Carps and Minnows) is contained in the Otophysi, a large monophyletic group that includes Characiformes (e.g., African Tetras, Alestiidae; Characins, Characidae); Cypriniformes (e.g., Carps and Minnows, Cyprinidae; Suckers, Catostomidae; and Loaches, Cobitidae); Siluriformes, Catfishes; and Gymnotiformes, ...

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Chapter 13 Catostomidae: Suckers

Phillip M. Harris, Gregory Hubbard, and Michael Sandel

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pp. 451-502

Catostomids (order Cypriniformes) are commonly called Suckers because these fishes use their downward-directed mouths like vacuum cleaners to suck up small organisms, organic matter, and some detritus. The family name, Catostomidae, is derived from the Latinized Greek roots “kato,” meaning “downward,” and “stoma,” meaning “mouth” (Boschung & Mayden 2004). Mullet is another name commonly...

Literature Cited

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pp. 503-628

Index of Scientific Names

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pp. 629-635

General Index

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pp. 636-644

E-ISBN-13: 9781421412023
E-ISBN-10: 1421412020
Print-ISBN-13: 9781421412016
Print-ISBN-10: 1421412012

Page Count: 832
Illustrations: 132 color photos, 71 color illus., 72 line drawings, 85 maps
Publication Year: 2014