Armed Political Organizations
From Conflict to Integration
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
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...this book could not have happened without the encouragement, support, and as-sistance of a large number of peopleâto whom i am profoundly indebted.i first began thinking about this writing project in 2005, while i was completing a graduate degree at the Fletcher School. At the time my academic advisor, Professor richard Shultz, encouraged me to pursue a doctorate to develop this project fur- ...
1 Introduction: The Challenge of Understanding the Dual Logic of Armed-Political Organizations
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...in recent decades, armed groups have shown an increased interest in creating po-litical parties to take part in institutional politics. By using these political wings to participate in elections and to win public office, some armed groups have gained even though this trend has been scarcely researched and analyzed, the influence of such hybrid political and armed organizations can be substantial. Consider two ...
2 The Power of Politics: Party Formation and Armed Struggle
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...traditionally, non-state armed groups, especially those that employ terrorist tactics, and political parties are perceived as representing the opposite extremes of a spec-trum: the former obstruct and hinder the democratic political process, while the lat-ter are key actors in promoting democracy and the rule of law. Such a dichotomous framework is highly problematic, and it fails to appreciate the similarities between ...
3 The Lebanese Hezbollah: Armed Struggle and Political Integration
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Hezbollah (the Party of God) is a Shia Lebanese organization composed of a mili-tary branch, sociocultural institutions, and a political party. this group was chosen as a case study because of its critical dimension, its high-profile nature, and its cultural uniqueness. Hezbollah, a highly institutionalized organization with a pow-erful and sophisticated political wing, also represents a âleast likelyâ case to test the ...
4 The Palestinian Hamas: Political Participation between Internal Cohesion and Dissent
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...the reasons behind choosing to analyze the political evolution of the Palestinian Hamas partially coincide with those that led to the selection of Hezbollah as a case study. Hamas also exemplifies a highly institutionalized and sophisticated organiza-tion, and thus it can also be used as a âleast likelyâ case study to test the cyclical Hamas, like Hezbollah, represents a high-profile case study of an armed organi-...
5 The Irish Republican Army and Sinn Féin in Northern Ireland: A Model of Political Transition?
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...the Provisional irish republican Army (irA or PirA) is an irish republican para-military organization and one of the most popular armed groups of the last cen-tury.1 the irA is known as the oldest-operating terrorist organization active within Western europe and is responsible for some of the most infamous operations of the past decades. the irA has generated a high level of scholarly and political interest.2...
6 Armed Groups and Political Integration: Findings and Policy Implications
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...this book focuses on the relationship between armed groups and institutional politics, in particular looking at the reasons behind an armed groupâs decision to establish a political wing and to compete in elections. the main assumption is that armed groups, as social organizations pursuing a political agenda, are rational play-ers interested in surviving and guaranteeing their âorganizational maintenance.â1...
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Page Count: 256
Illustrations: 2 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2013