Their History and Writings
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
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Pythagorean Women covers a wide range of subjects, including literature, archae-ology, and political, social, and intellectual history. I am pleased to acknowledge the assistance of those who helped me in various ways to piece together this vast mosaic. First, I wish to thank my husband, Lee Harris Pomeroy, for pho-tographing the landscape and artifacts in magna Graecia. I am grateful to Jo-...
Note on Abbreviations
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They looked upon Pythagoras as divine, with the result that they turned over their wives to him in order that they would learn some of his doctrines. and Pythagoras was the f_irst Greek philosopher to include women among his dis-ciples. He was also the earliest to listen sympathetically to the pleas of married women and to impose sexual monogyny on their husbands. Some two hundred ...
1 Who Were the Pythagorean Women?
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Iamblichus (VP 267) lists 235 Pythagoreans whose names are known. Following the catalog of 218 men, he names 17 women, whom he describes as “the most famous Pythagorean women.” The men are classif_ied only according to their city of origin. The women are also listed by their city of origin, and the f_irst 8 women and the last are identif_ied as a wife, sister, or daughter of a male Pythagorean.uniF6DC It ...
2 Wives, Mothers, Sisters, Daughters
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...more than any other early thinker, Pythagoras paid attention to improving fam-ily relationships. In contrast to Solon, whose family legislation largely ref_lected traditional practices,uniF6DC Pythagoras proposed new ways of creating harmony within the nuclear family. His program for daily life included advice to husbands about the proper treatment of their wives; to wives about the relationship with their ...
3 Who Were the Neopythagorean Women Authors?
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The largest number of women philosophers in the Hellenistic period were Neopythagoreans; some of them were authors of letters and treatises.uniF6DC These writings constitute the only extant body of Greek prose literature by women in The names of the authors and the recipients of their letters follow, arranged according to Holger Theslef_f ’s designation of their place of origin and date (see ...
4 Introduction to the Prose Writings of Neopythagorean Women
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The Neopythagorean letters and treatises discussed in this book are the earliest extant examples of literary Greek prose by women. Some poetry by women, in-cluding Sappho, is earlier. Poetry precedes prose among male writers as well. In the corpus of Greek literature, women’s voices are extremely rare. The Neopy-thagoreans are among the f_irst women in the Greek world to write letters that ...
5 The Letters and Treatises of Neopythagorean Women in the East
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The Greek version of the texts in chapters 5 and 6 is cited as published in Theslef_f, Texts, followed by page and line numbers. references to Hercher are to the mon-umental r. Hercher, Epistolographi Graeci.uniF6DC The letters of melissa, myia, and The-ano II have also been published in alfons Städele, Die Briefe des Pythagoras und der Pythagoreer.uniF63A Städele showed that the manuscripts present the letters in vary-...
6 The Letters and Treatises of Neopythagorean Women in the West
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Theslef_f, Texts, s.v. aresas, pp. 48–50, Stob. 1.49.27, pp. 355–57, trans. Vicki Lynn Stobaeus, the only source, identif_ies the author as aesara, a Pythagorean of Lucania. according to some biographical traditions, Pythagoras had a daugh-ter named aisara; hence this name would be a likely one for a Neopythagorean woman. Theslef_f places the author in the third century BC and identif_ies the ...
7 The Neopythagorean Women as Philosophers
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The extant works of Neopythagorean women comprise both treatises and letters of advice. How should one characterize these disparate works? There is good rea-son to conclude that many of the letters, as well as treatises, count as philosophy. In this chapter I analyze a number of these writings as philosophical works, com-parable to canonical texts by philosophers such as Plato and aristotle. I explain ...
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Page Count: 200
Illustrations: 9 halftones, 3 line drawings
Publication Year: 2013