Military Politics and Democracy in the Andes
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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I am grateful to the many individuals and institutions that helped with this project. The study began nearly nine years ago as a dissertation prospectus at the University of California, Berkeley, where my committee was highly supportive of the research. Ruth Berins Collier was a phenomenal guide on my journey ...
Acronyms and Abbreviations
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1. Military Mission Performance in Latin America
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Since military rule gave way to democracy in Latin America, the region’s armed forces have been assigned missions that range from border defense to counterinsurgency to antinarcotics to protest control. With these orders in hand, militaries have prioritized some missions over others and refused to perform certain assignments altogether. ...
2. Civil-Military Relations in Democratic Peru and Ecuador
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An examination of civil-military relations in Peru and Ecuador since the transition to democracy is a crucial starting point for this analysis of the armies’ mission performance. In this chapter, I show how civil-military dynamics have fostered the emergence of a contradiction in each army’s sovereignty mission. ...
3. Army Mission Performance in Post-Transition Peru and Ecuador, 1980s–1990s
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In the first two decades of democracy, the different civil-military dynamics in Peru and Ecuador played out vividly in army mission performance. In spite of both armies’ clear preference for sovereignty work—as predicted by hypotheses focused on military interests in professionalism, resources, and public legitimacy—in each country, ...
4. Mission Constraint and Neglect of Counterinsurgency: Peru since 2000
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Reminiscent of its behavior in the late 1980s, Peru’s army underperformed its counterinsurgency mission during 2000–2007 in response to what officers thought was a government-created contradiction in that mission: the army had a mandate to eliminate the guerrillas but lacked the autonomy that army leaders deemed necessary to do the work. ...
5. Mission Overload and Neglect of Border Defense: Ecuador since 2000
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Like the Peruvian army from 2000 through 2007, since 2000, the Ecuadorian army has minimally performed its only salient sovereignty mission: in this case, to defend the country’s northern border against incursions by Colombian guerrillas. Chapter 3 analyzed how the army’s limited northern border patrols date to the mid-1980s, ...
6. Battalions for Hire: Private Army Contracts in Peru and Ecuador
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In this chapter, the discussion shifts from explaining how much sovereignty and police work the armies of Peru and Ecuador have carried out to the question of who benefits from those missions, with a focus on the post-2000 period. In each country, actors other than the national government—especially private companies in the extractive industries ...
7. Comparative Perspectives on Military Mission Performance
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The research presented in this book on the Peruvian and Ecuadorian armies challenges three expectations about military behavior in Latin American countries: that militaries act so as to maximize their budgets, that they perform missions thought to bring more public legitimacy for the institution, ...
Appendix. Field Research Methodology
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Page Count: 312
Illustrations: 6 b&w illus., 2 maps
Publication Year: 2013