Military Politics and Democracy in the Andes
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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I am grateful to the many individuals and institutions that helped with this proj-ect. The study began nearly nine years ago as a dissertation prospectus at the University of California, Berkeley, where my committee was highly supportive of the research. Ruth Berins Collier was a phenomenal guide on my journey from rough descriptions and causal models to the fi nal version of the dissertation, ...
Acronyms and Abbreviations
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1 Military Mission Performance in Latin America
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Since military rule gave way to democracy in Latin America, the region’s armed forces have been assigned missions that range from border defense to counterinsurgency to antinarcotics to protest control. With these orders in hand, militaries have prioritized some missions over others and refused to perform cer-tain assignments altogether. What factors explain this varied propensity to take on diff erent missions? This book explains why the Peruvian and Ec ua dor ian armies ...
2 Civil-Military Relations in Democratic Peru and Ecuador
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An examination of civil- military relations in Peru and Ec ua dor since the transition to democracy is a crucial starting point for this analysis of the armies’ mission per for mance. In this chapter, I show how civil- military dynam-ics have fostered the emergence of a contradiction in each army’s sovereignty mission. For Peru, the chapter highlights signifi cant structural and po liti cal con-straints confronting the armed forces in the 1980s and then again in the post-...
3 Army Mission Performance in Post-Transition Peru and Ecuador, 1980s–1990s
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In the fi rst two de cades of democracy, the diff erent civil- military dynamics in Peru and Ec ua dor played out vividly in army mission per for mance. In spite of both armies’ clear preference for sovereignty work— as predicted by hypotheses focused on military interests in professionalism, resources, and public legitimacy—in each country, a contradiction arose in the army’s salient sovereignty mission that reduced predictability for the work of patrols, thereby causing the army to ...
4 Mission Constraint and Neglect of Counterinsurgency: Peru since 2000
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Reminiscent of its behavior in the late 1980s, Peru’s army underperformed its counterinsurgency mission during 2000– 2007 in response to what offi cers thought was a government- created contradiction in that mission: the army had a mandate to eliminate the guerrillas but lacked the autonomy that army leaders deemed necessary to do the work. In this chapter I analyze the Peruvian army’s mission per for mance in the fi rst de cade of the new century, in two parts. The ...
5 Mission Overload and Neglect of Border Defense: Ecuador since 2000
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Like the Peruvian army from 2000 through 2007, since 2000, the Ec ua dor ian army has minimally performed its only salient sovereignty mission: in this case, to defend the country’s northern border against incursions by Colombian guerrillas. Chapter 3 analyzed how the army’s limited northern border patrols date to the mid- 1980s, when Colombian guerrillas fi rst staged attacks on Ec ua-dor ian army border detachments. For the period preceding the 1998 Ecuador- ...
6 Battalions for Hire: Private Army Contracts in Peru and Ecuador
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In this chapter, the discussion shifts from explaining how much sovereignty and police work the armies of Peru and Ec ua dor have carried out to the ques-tion of who benefi ts from those missions, with a focus on the post- 2000 period. In each country, actors other than the national government— especially private companies in the extractive industries— have hired the army for security work, arrangements that have occurred predominantly at the local level. That is, local ...
7 Comparative Perspectives on Military Mission Performance
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The research presented in this book on the Peruvian and Ec ua dor ian armies challenges three expectations about military behavior in Latin American countries: that militaries act so as to maximize their bud gets, that they per-form missions thought to bring more public legitimacy for the institution, and that they focus more intensely on the professional missions of external defense and counterinsurgency than on policing. In fact, at diff erent times since demo-...
Appendix. Field Research Methodology
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Page Count: 312
Illustrations: 6 b&w illus., 2 maps
Publication Year: 2013