The Practical Einstein
Experiments, Patents, Inventions
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
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The scope of the experiments, opinions for patent cases, and inventions in which Albert Einstein participated shows how multifarious his activities were, how deeply he was involved in searching for various technological solutions, and how wide his knowledge of physics was outside the fields for which he has been so famous....
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Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, in southern Germany. His uncle and his father had a firm producing electrotechnical apparatus: generators, transformers, measuring devices, and electric lighting networks for towns. They started the enterprise in Germany, then moved to northern Italy, to Pavia (fig. I.1). Einstein’s father, Hermann, was the business manager...
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In February 1925, sensational news swept across the world: a refi tted steel vessel was cruising on the Baltic Sea en route from Danzig (the present- day Gdansk, Poland) to Scotland without motors or sails or masts. It was a mystery how the ship, with only two big revolving cylinders resembling smokestacks,...
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According to Einstein, “The theoretically oriented scientist cannot be envied because nature, i.e. the experiment, is a relentless and not very friendly judge of his work. In the best case scenario it says only ‘maybe’ to a theory, but never ‘yes’ and in most cases ‘no.’ If an experiment agrees with theory it means ‘perhaps’...
3 Expert Opinions
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At the Swiss Patent Offi ce, Einstein’s job was to consult with inventors. Only one of his written opinions on patent applications is left , the administrative documents having been routinely destroyed. This opinion is on an alternating current machine with short- circuit brushes and opposing auxiliary spools for...
4 European Inventions
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In April 1908 Einstein published a short paper on an electrostatic method for
the measurement of small quantities of electricity.1 He was led to the idea by
the following considerations.
In his papers on Brownian motion published between 1905 and 1908,2 Einstein...
5 American Inventions
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The following inventions were developed in cooperation with Gustav Bucky, a medical doctor, a specialist in X-ray examinations, and an inventor both in his field and out of it.1 During his lifetime, he took out 143 patents. He is most famous for “Grenz ray therapy” of the skin. The rays of a 2- angstrom wavelength...
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Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 66 halftones, 6 line drawings
Publication Year: 2012