When Sugar Ruled
Economy and Society in Northwestern Argentina, Tucuman, 1876-1916
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Ohio University Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
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This project could not have been completed without the encouragement and assistance of many people and organizations. At the University of California, Los Angeles, financial support from the Department of History and the Office of International Studies and Overseas Programs facilitated the...
Introduction: Setting the Stage
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In the fifty years preceding the First World War, Argentina experienced one of the highest sustained growth rates in the world. Wool for Belgian and French carpet factories, wheat for British flour mills, and beef for British consumers enabled the country's full integration into the world economy..
Chapter 1: Foundations for Growth
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In the late 1850s German naturalist Hermann Burmeister visited the province of Tucumán and observed, "Of all the cities in the interior, there is no doubt that San Miguel de Tucumán is the most elegant and friendliest...
Chapter 2: The Sugar Industry and Tucumán’s Economy
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During the last decades of the nineteenth century, at the same time Argentina consolidated its position in the international market as a producer of beef and grains, Tucumán's economy experienced important transformations. Describing the province in those days, Harry Franck observed, "Toward...
Chapter 3: Sugarcane Planters
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specialization in sugar quickly replaced Tucumán's diversified productive structure, although it did not provoke profound modifications in Tucumán's land tenure patterns. Changes in methods of sugar manufacturing...
Chapter 4: Sugar Labor
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Growth in sugar production required comparable additions to labor. Contemporary accounts differ in their estimates on the total workers engaged in sugar production, although they all agree that during the harvest their numbers reached many thousands. Harry Franck observed during his visit...
Chapter 5: Sugar and the Province
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During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the sugar industry became the most dynamic sector in Tucumán's economy. The changes experienced by Tucumán's productive structure had a significant impact on the province's public finances. Between 1876...
Conclusion: The World That Sugar Created
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In 1916, San Miguel de Tucumán hosted the centennial celebration of Argentina's independence. Thousands of visitors attended the nearly month long festivities and were surprised to find in the capital city of Argentina's tiniest province the same amenities found in many other major cities....
Appendix: Census Manuscript Schedules, 1869 and 1895
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Page Count: 233
Publication Year: 2010