Why Russian Aspectual Prefixes Aren't Empty
Prefixes as Verb Classifiers
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Slavica Publishers
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Title Page, Copyright
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Note on Notation
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...To help readers with different backgrounds, both cyrillic and latin script are used to represent Russian in this book. When verbs are cited, they appear in both scripts, separated by a slash, and prefixes are separated from the remaining verb stem with a hyphen. Here is a concrete example of how this is represented in the book...
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...We set forward a new hypothesis, namely that the Russian verbal prefixes function as verb classifiers, parallel to numeral classifiers. Our argument draws on research conducted under the auspices of grants from the Norwegian Research Council and the Center for Advanced Study at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters in Oslo...
1. Aspectual Prefixes: Emptiness vs. Overlap
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...This chapter is designed to orient the reader to the relevant facts of Russian aspect and the key issues in the debate over whether verbal prefixes can be semantically empty. By semantically empty we mean that the prefix has no meaning beyond marking perfective aspect. In other words, it has no lexical meaning...
2. Small Prefixes: Radial Category Profiling
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...We open this chapter by stating the corollaries of the Empty Prefix and Overlap Hypotheses that we will test. We then discuss our model of meaning and describe our methodology in detail before turning to our analysis. This chapter focuses on the eleven “small” prefixes...
3. Big Prefixes: Semantic Profiling
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...Like chapter 2, this chapter aims to prove that the prefixes retain their meanings when the form Natural Perfectives. Chapter 2 analyzed the eleven "small" prefixes using the radical category profiling method. In this chapter we will analyze the remaining five "big" prefixes...
4. Prefixes and Syntax: Constructional Profiling
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...The names of the constructions come from the direct object that is marked with the accusative case. Let’s say that we have some boxes that we want to transport and a cart that we can use for this purpose. The boxes are the theme (the item that is put somewhere) and the cart is the goal (the place where the item is put). In the theme‑object construction the theme is the...
5. Prefix Variation
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...The Empty Prefix Hypothesis is related to the traditional “pair” model of Russian aspect. According to this model, Russian verbs appear in pairs, with one perfective verb and one imperfective verb that have the same meaning. Examples of aspectual pairs are...
6. Aspectual Triplets
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...An aspectual triplet is a set of three verbs, consisting of a simplex verb, a prefixed Natural Perfective, and a secondary imperfective derived via suffixation of the Natural Perfective. All three verbs have the same lexical meaning and the members of a triplet set differ from each other primarily in terms of aspect. An example is the triplet set...
7. The Verb Classifier Hypothesis
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...The previous five chapters have presented evidence in support of the Overlap Hypothesis, showing repeatedly that the so-‐‑called “purely perfectivizing” prefixes of Russian are not semantically “empty,” but actually retain their meanings as evidenced by differences in distributional patterns...
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...This book presents a variety of evidence in support of two hypotheses: the Overlap Hypothesis, according to which the meanings of the prefixes in Natural Perfectives are systematically matched with the meanings of simplex verbs, and the Verb Classifier Hypothesis, according to which the Russian verbal prefixes should be understood...
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Publication Year: 2013