Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Slavica Publishers
Table of Contents
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This grammar is couched in the framework of generative linguistics, but the constrained use of technical terminology and the recurrent reference to non-generative grammars of Macedonian, to Koneski’s and Topolinjska’s works, in particular, allows for a cross-framework accessibility of the data...
Abbreviations and Symbols
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Part One: Preliminaries
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1. Socio-Historical Considerations
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The Balkan region bounded by Epirus, Thessaly, and Thrace on the southwest, south and east has since ancient times had the name “Macedonia”. 1.1. The first Macedonian kingdom, formed around 640 B.C., covered the area of the river Aliakmon (Bistrica) and the lower reaches of the river Axion...
2. From Common Slavica to Macedonian
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Macedonian comprises a group of South Slavic dialects located in the southernmost part of the Slavic linguistic territory, which have been a part of a continuum with the Serbian and Bulgarian dialects for so long, that today it is not possible to draw distinct boundaries between...
3. Balkan Aspects of Macedonian Grammar
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Clement and Naum, pupils of the Slavic apostles Cyril and Methodius, engaged in very productive religious and literary activity in the western Macedonian city of Ohrid. Their preaching and teaching, along with the inauguration of a patriarchate in Ohrid, during the rule of Czar Samuel...
4. An Outline of Macedonian Phonology
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Standard Macedonian has six vocalic phonemes, one of which, the mid-central vowel /ə/, appears only in a number of contexts. The vocalic phonemic inventory is given...
Part Two: The Nominal Phrase
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5. The Structure of the Nominal Phrase
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Sentences are basically structured around two types of constituents—nouns and verbs. I will refer to the structures around the nouns as “nominal phrases”—a term that covers both noun phrases (NPs) and determiner phrases (DPs), which in generative grammar are headed by a determiner (Det) and take as a complement a noun...
6. Agreement Categories
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The relationships between the members of the Macedonian nominal phrase are morphologically marked by exponents of three grammatical categories:1 gender, number, and definiteness. The category of definiteness is morphologically represented only on the first immediate constituent of the nominal phrase. The categories of gender and...
7. The Category of Definiteness and Articles
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Definiteness is a category which denotes the reference of the objects to which the nouns refer. In Macedonian, it can be unmarked, indefinite ([–definite]) or definite ([ definite]), reflecting (a) non-identified, (b) non-uniquely identified, and (c) uniquely identified reference, respectively...
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There are five basic types of pronominal forms in Macedonian: personal, possessive, demonstrative, interrogative/relative, and indefinite. Whereas the possessive, demonstrative, interrogative/relative, and indefinite pronominals operate as pronouns and as determiners, quantifiers...
Part Three: The Clause
Chapter 9: The Structure of the Clause
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In the prototypical (transitive declarative) Macedonian clauses, the ordering of the clausal constituents follows the pattern of the majority of European languages. As shown in (1), in transitive declarative clauses, the verb is preceded by a subject and followed by an...
10. Aspectual Distinctions
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The verbs in Macedonian, as in the Slavic languages in general, robustly mark aspect. The category of aspect relates to the concept of time, as the category of tense does, but whereas tense locates the states and events in a clause, currently referred to as eventualities,1 in relation to points of time...
11. Simple and Compund Tenses
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In Macedonian, the exponents of the category of tense—a deictic category that locates the eventualities described in a clause in relation to speech time or other points of time—differ not only from the exponents of the west and east Slavic languages, whose tense systems have changed radically from the system...
12. Mood Structures
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Mood categories are a set of categories which typically indicate (a) the syntactic relation of the clause in which the verb occurs to other clauses in the sentence or (b) the attitude of the speaker toward what he is saying. In Macedonian, we have three types of such categories...
13. Interrogative Clauses
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As in many European languages, the interrogative clauses in Macedonian can contain ‘yes–no’ questions or ‘wh’ questions...
14. Relative Clauses
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In Macedonian, there are three types of subordinate clauses introduced by ‘wh’ words which can be referred to as ‘relative’: (a) clauses that relate to and modify nouns, to which we shall refer as “noun-antecedent relative clauses”, (b) clauses that relate to and modify pronouns, to which we shall refer...
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Publication Year: 2011