The Road through the Rust Belt
From Preeminence to Decline to Prosperity
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: W.E. Upjohn Institute
Title Page, Copyright Page
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1 - Introduction
Edward W. (Ned) Hill
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For many years, members of the faculty and research staff in the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs at Cleveland State University have paid keen attention to the problems and issues faced by midwestern industrial cities. As part of a university community, we...
2 - Midwestern Urban and Regioinal Responses to Global Economic Transition
William M. Bowen and Kelly L. Kinahan
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Human urban and regional settlements have existed within a system of economic expansion and contraction that may be traced back continuously at least to the development of Afro-Eurasian interregional trade in the Bronze Age (Frank and Thompson 2005; Smith 2009). The...
3 - Can Tax Expenditures Stimulate Growth in Rust Belt Cities?
Benjamin Y. Clark
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Why do some cities thrive economically and others sputter and decline? Are success and failure dependent on luck, or is there something more profound at play? While there are many ways to address these issues, and certainly many contributing factors, this chapter will...
4 - The Evolution of Clusters and Implications for the Revival of Old Industrial Cities
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The study of industrial or regional clusters has a long history. Alfred Marshall (1920) discussed the localization of firms within the same area to pursue a shared labor pool, local provision of industrial inputs, and spillovers of knowledge and information. The neoclassical...
5 - Stop Shovelling: A New Workforce Development Strategy to Promote Regional Prosperity
Joel A. Elvery
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Workforce development policy in the United States has been driven by goals, rather than by what is achievable. The main focus has been to help people with few skills enter or reenter the labor market. The programs implemented to achieve those goals, however, have had limited...
6 - Distinctly Cleveland: How the Arts are Helping to Revitalize Rust Belt Cities
Gregory M. Sadlek and Joan Chase
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Downtown Grand Rapids, Michigan, was once in decline. Hurt by international competition, its manufacturing plants were closing, and, at the same time, residents began moving out of the city to the suburbs. In the mid-1990s the situation started to change, and the turning...
7 - How Energy Policy Enabled the Decline of Midwestern Cities, and How It Can Contribute to Their Rehabilitation
Andrew R. Thomas
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In 1986 Michael Kinsley wrote an essay in The New Republic that helped popularize the word schadenfreude in America. Schadenfreude is a German word meaning “glee at the misery of others,” a word Kinsley noted that only the Germans, with their grim humor, could...
8 - Entrepreneurial Initiatives in Chinese Markets: Why They Are Important and What Firms Need to Know
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Throughout the twentieth century, no single nation or block of nations had nearly as much economic power and influence as the United States. During much of that period, no region had as much industrial might as the Midwest. Now, however, as the early part of the twenty-first century unfolds, the age of total U.S. world supremacy is ending...
9 - Barriers and Opportunities for Entrepreneurship in Older Industrial Regions
Ziona Austrian and Merissa C. Piazza
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Postwar prosperity was built on the production of goods needed to satisfy pent-up demand from Americans, who wanted to improve their lives after World War II, and demand from Europe and Asia, where the populations were physically rebuilding their countries. This...
10 - Reasons for Misgivings about Local Economic Development Initiatives
William M. Bowen and Chang-Shik Song
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From the time of the Industrial Revolution through the middle of the twentieth century, the enormous capital investments made in cities such as Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Buffalo, Cincinnati, Milwaukee, St. Louis, and Detroit helped the industries within them to become preeminently...
11 - Lost a Step: The Great Lakes Region and Entrepreneurship
David R. Elkins
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“Lost a step” is an adage directed at the older football player who misses a well-thrown pass, the tennis player who fails to return a serve with the ball just short of her racquet, the athlete who just doesn’t appear to be the star he or she once was. A New York Times Magazine article...
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About the Institute
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Page Count: 340
Publication Year: 2013