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The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

The Role of Workforce Programs

Edited by Burt S. Barnow and Richard A. Hobbie

Publication Year: 2013

Examines how workforce programs and UI responded to job losses resulting from the Great Recession, and the role of Recovery Act funds in those responses.

Published by: W.E. Upjohn Institute

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv


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pp. v-vi

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pp. vii-viii

This report was prepared for a grant awarded to the National Association of State Workforce Agencies (NASWA) by the Employment and Training Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor (USDOL). The success of this project depended on the efforts of many. The most notable contributions were made by the more than 200 state and local workforce development...

Common Acronyms and Abbreviations

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pp. ix-x

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1 Background, Purpose, and Methodology

Burt S. Barnow

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pp. 1-20

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act, or ARRA) was a response to the Great Recession, which began in December 2007. The legislation, signed into law in early 2009, was an economic stimulus measure designed to “save and create jobs immediately” (whitehouse.gov 2009).1 Other objectives were to provide aid to...

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2 State Approaches to the Recovery Act’s Workforce Development Provisions

Burt S. Barnow

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pp. 21-34

This chapter examines the general approach that states and local workforce agencies took in planning and initiating workforce investment activities with Recovery Act funding. As will be discussed in the chapter, states and localities were strongly encouraged by the USDOL to begin spending Recovery Act funding quickly after they were notified...

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3 Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs

John Trutko and Burt S. Barnow

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pp. 35-98

The Adult and Dislocated Worker programs under Title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 are designed to provide employment and training services to help eligible individuals find and qualify for meaningful employment, and to help employers find the skilled workers they need to compete and succeed in business (USDOL 2010)....

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4 Wagner-Peyser Employment Services

Joyce Kaiser

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pp. 99-120

The Wagner-Peyser (W-P) Act of 1933 established the Employment Service (ES), sometimes called the Job Service, which provides labor exchange services for workers and employers. As One-Stop Career Centers have become more established, in many states the Wagner-Peyser funded staff is no longer identified as the Employment Service, but simply...

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5 Wagner-Peyser Act Reemployment Services

Tara C. Smith

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pp. 121-150

This chapter presents findings on Recovery Act–funded Reemployment Services (RES) from site visits conducted in 20 states and roughly twice as many local areas between December 2009 and December 2011. Each state was visited twice during this period. Following a brief introduction to RES, the chapter first examines the Employment...

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6 Trade Adjustment Assistance Program

Stephen A. Wandner

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pp. 151-172

The Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program is a form of extended unemployment insurance (UI) that targets workers adversely affected by international trade. Fifty years ago, the TAA program was created as part of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 to help workers and firms adjust to efforts to promote freer international trade. The...

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7 Other Related Initiatives

Joyce Kaiser

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pp. 173-190

The Recovery Act affected many aspects of the workforce investment system. This section summarizes provisions that were separate from but interacted with the act’s provisions for Workforce Investment Act (WIA), Wagner-Peyser, Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA), and Unemployment Insurance (UI) programs in at least some of the states...

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8 Unemployment Insurance

Yvette Chocolaad, Wayne Vroman, and Richard A. Hobbie

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pp. 191-266

From its beginning, the Unemployment Insurance (UI) system has served two purposes—1) economic stabilization and 2) temporary and partial wage replacement for most workers who have lost their jobs. During recessions, policymakers historically have relied on expansions to unemployment insurance benefits to assist not only individuals but ...

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9 Data Analysis of the Implementation of the Recovery Act Workforce Development and Unemployment Insurance Provisions

Randall W. Eberts and Stephen A. Wandner

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pp. 267-308

This chapter uses administrative data to examine the response of the nation’s workforce system to the needs of workers during the recent recession and the Recovery Act funding period.1 The Recovery Act provided funds so that states could respond to worker needs at two levels. The first level expanded the short-term capacity of the workforce system...

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10 Challenges and Accomplishments

John Trutko and Burt S. Barnow

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pp. 309-344

This chapter summarizes the visited states’ views on the most significant challenges and greatest achievements in implementing the Recovery Act workforce and UI provisions. During the two rounds of site visits (workforce development programs) and the teleconference interviews (UI programs), UI and state and local workforce agency officials...

Appendix A

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pp. 345-390

Appendix B

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pp. 391-410


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pp. 411-412


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pp. 413-430

About the Institute

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pp. 431-432

E-ISBN-13: 9780880994743
E-ISBN-10: 0880994746
Print-ISBN-13: 9780880994712
Print-ISBN-10: 0880994711

Page Count: 441
Publication Year: 2013

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Manpower policy -- United States.
  • Labor policy -- United States.
  • United States -- Economic policy -- 2009-.
  • Economic development projects -- United States.
  • Economic stabilization -- United States.
  • Recessions -- United States.
  • United States. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
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