We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE
OR

TheWorking Life

The Labor Market for Workers in Low-Skilled Jobs

Nan L. Maxwell

Publication Year: 2007

Maxwell presents the results of her groundbreaking survey of 405 employers, which queried them about jobs requiring no more than a high school education and no more than one year of work experience. These data allow her to establish the link between skills and low-skilled jobs and to reveal the current state of the labor market facing low-skilled workers. The data also highlights the knowledge and skills that employers require in low-skilled jobs and the abilities that individuals who apply for those jobs bring to the table.

Published by: W.E. Upjohn Institute

Title Page, copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF (123.9 KB)
 

Table of Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF (204.1 KB)
pp. v-viii

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF (208.4 KB)
pp. ix-xii

Virtually everyone starts his or her work life in a low-skilled job and, in an ideal world, everyone advances in career-ladder fashion as that person learns new skills. Not all beginnings are the same, however. Some individuals cannot find an entry into the labor market, while others move seamlessly into the labor...

read more

1 Low-Skilled Jobs

pdf iconDownload PDF (509.6 KB)
pp. 1-24

Individuals that work full time spend about 20 percent of their year—and nearly one-third of their waking hours—at work. Individuals have some control over this time, in that they can invest in skills that help shape their work life. Hate working in an office? Build construction...

read more

2 Local Labor Markets and Low-Skilled Jobs

pdf iconDownload PDF (522.6 KB)
pp. 25-48

Characterizing labor markets for workers in low-skilled jobs is, on the one hand, easy. If employers view jobs as not requiring skills to perform, workers in such positions become a homogeneous commodity, and a competitive market for their services develops. Market forces (e.g., business and product cycles...

read more

3 How Skills Matter

pdf iconDownload PDF (557.1 KB)
pp. 49-72

Our conventional model suggests that skills do not matter in the market for workers in low-skilled jobs. Yet the data, case studies, and research in Chapter 1 suggest otherwise: they show the need for skills even in the lowest of the low-skilled jobs (Shipler 2004). Casual observations merely confirm the data. Working...

read more

4 Recruiting and Screening Workers in Low-Skilled Positions

pdf iconDownload PDF (447.1 KB)
pp. 73-90

Firms must attract applicants before they can hire for a low-skilled position, and analysis presented thus far suggests that firms will want to attract workers with appropriate skills. Attracting applicants with the skills needed for the job requires that firms design recruiting and screening methods to ferret out the...

read more

5 Skills, Promotions, and Low-Skilled Positions

pdf iconDownload PDF (471.6 KB)
pp. 91-110

Analysis in the preceding chapters suggests that firms recruit, screen, require, and pay for specific skills when they hire workers in low-skilled positions. These findings raise the possibility that firms might use promotional opportunities to retain workers in low-skilled jobs with needed skills, in contrast to...

read more

6 Labor Markets for Workers in Low-Skilled Positions

pdf iconDownload PDF (604.3 KB)
pp. 111-138

We framed this study in a conventional model of the labor market for workers in low-skilled positions. In this model, competitive forces determine employment and wages for homogeneous workers, which means workers in low-skilled positions have little job security or chance for advancement and low, undifferentiated...

Appendix A Background Tables and Variable Construction

pdf iconDownload PDF (617.6 KB)
pp. 139-172

References

pdf iconDownload PDF (372.4 KB)
pp. 173-184

About the Author

pdf iconDownload PDF (256.7 KB)
pp. 185-186

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF (308.4 KB)
pp. 187-192

About the Institute

pdf iconDownload PDF (255.8 KB)
pp. 193-


E-ISBN-13: 9780880994491
E-ISBN-10: 0880994495
Print-ISBN-13: 9780880992978
Print-ISBN-10: 0880992972

Page Count: 273
Publication Year: 2007

Edition: First

Research Areas

Recommend

UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Unskilled labor -- Supply and demand -- United States.
  • Labor market -- United States
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access