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Solving the Reemployment Puzzle

From Research to Policy

Stephen A. Wandner

Publication Year: 2010

This book provides a detailed insider's view under the Clinton and Bush administrations of the process by which eight social science experiments influenced federal laws and policies to alleviate joblessness in the United States. These experiments, each of which focused on returning unemployed workers to work, are analyzed through their entire policy process: experiment initiation, implementation, and evaluation; policy development; legislative enactment; program development; and program implementation.

Published by: W.E. Upjohn Institute

Title page

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pp. i-iv

Copyright page

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pp. v-

Contents

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pp. vii-xiii

Acknowledgments

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pp. xv-xviii

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Preface

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pp. xix-xx

This book is about the interrelationships between research, policy, and programs that have dealt with the problems faced by experienced, unemployed workers over the past 25 years. Much of its focus is on a series of social science experiments that were conducted during the late 1980s and early 1990s....

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Ch 1 - Introduction

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pp. 1-30

This book examines how research and evaluation have been conducted, and what public policy use has been made of research with respect to employment and training programs over the past 25 years. It focuses particularly on a series of social science experiments that...

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Ch 2 - The Unemployment Insurance Experiments Begin: The New Jersey and Job Search Assistance Experiments

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pp. 31-72

The New Jersey Experiment was the first of eight UI Experiments undertaken by the U.S. Department of Labor between 1985 and 1996. The economic and political environment of the time made these experiments possible and shaped their design. Three key aspects of this environment...

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Ch 3 - Enacting Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services

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pp. 73-96

For research to have a direct impact on public policy, a number of planets have to align, as they did for the enactment of Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) in 1993. The New Jersey Experiment and related research about job search assistance (JSA) had been...

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Ch 4 - Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services: Implementation and Operations

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pp. 97-152

This chapter reviews the implementation of the Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) program and the results of the first decade and a half of its operation. The first section of this chapter reviews the WPRS legislation; the second discusses the development...

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Ch 5 - Reemployment Services Research: Job Referrals, Job Search Assistance, and the Unemployment Insurance Work Test

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pp. 153-190

A great deal of research other than the Unemployment Insurance (UI) Experiments has provided guidance for employment and training programs since the 1990s. This chapter reviews the results of a selection of research, demonstrations, and evaluations that have studied the...

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Ch 6 - Reemployment Services Policy

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pp. 191-238

Incongruously, the demand for reemployment services across the United States grew a great deal over the decade and a half after 1993, at the same time that resources were declining. Clinton administration policies that implemented the Worker Profiling and Reemployment...

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Ch 7 - Public Job Training and Training Vouchers

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pp. 239-288

As a result of post–World War II economic and trade policies, the U.S. Department of Labor has operated public job training programs for over five decades. The goal of national job training programs has been to improve the operation of labor markets by enhancing the skills...

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Ch 8 - The Self-Employment Experiments and the Self-Employment Assistance Program

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pp. 289-340

The U.S. Department of Labor sponsored two self-employment assistance (SEA) experiments in Massachusetts and Washington states during the late 1980s and early 1990s. This chapter examines these two experiments and the policy lessons learned from them. It discusses how the experiments led to the enactment of the federal SEA legislation. It...

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Ch 9 - Work Sharing

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pp. 341-390

Work sharing—also called short-time compensation (STC)—was the experiment that did not happen.1 As work sharing emerged as a U.S. public policy issue in the 1970s, the Carter administration announced a 1977 plan to have the federal government take a leadership role...

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Ch 10 - Reemployment Bonus Experiments and Public Policy

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pp. 391-438

The idea of reemployment bonuses originated in 1974 in Japan, where unemployed workers can receive a cash bonus for accepting a new job, but they cannot receive reemployment bonuses more frequently than once every three years. Reemployment bonuses also have...

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Ch 11 - Summary and Conclusions

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pp. 439-456

This book has examined the impact that research has had on U.S. employment and training policy and programs over the past 25 years. It has identified employment programs that work and employment programs that do not work. Some programs that work have been pursued...

References

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pp. 457-480

The Author

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pp. 481-

Index

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pp. 482-506

About the Institute

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pp. 507-


E-ISBN-13: 9780880994293
E-ISBN-10: 0880994290
Print-ISBN-13: 9780880993647
Print-ISBN-10: 0880993642

Page Count: 507
Publication Year: 2010

Edition: First

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Unemployed -- Services for -- United States.
  • Occupational training -- Government policy -- United States.
  • Unemployment insurance -- United States.
  • Displaced workers -- United States.
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