Solving the Reemployment Puzzle
From Research to Policy
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: W.E. Upjohn Institute
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This book is about the interrelationships between research, policy, and programs that have dealt with the problems faced by experienced, unemployed workers over the past 25 years. Much of its focus is on a series of social science experiments that were conducted during the late 1980s and early 1990s....
Ch 1 - Introduction
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This book examines how research and evaluation have been conducted, and what public policy use has been made of research with respect to employment and training programs over the past 25 years. It focuses particularly on a series of social science experiments that...
Ch 2 - The Unemployment Insurance Experiments Begin: The New Jersey and Job Search Assistance Experiments
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The New Jersey Experiment was the first of eight UI Experiments undertaken by the U.S. Department of Labor between 1985 and 1996. The economic and political environment of the time made these experiments possible and shaped their design. Three key aspects of this environment...
Ch 3 - Enacting Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services
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For research to have a direct impact on public policy, a number of planets have to align, as they did for the enactment of Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) in 1993. The New Jersey Experiment and related research about job search assistance (JSA) had been...
Ch 4 - Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services: Implementation and Operations
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This chapter reviews the implementation of the Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) program and the results of the first decade and a half of its operation. The first section of this chapter reviews the WPRS legislation; the second discusses the development...
Ch 5 - Reemployment Services Research: Job Referrals, Job Search Assistance, and the Unemployment Insurance Work Test
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A great deal of research other than the Unemployment Insurance (UI) Experiments has provided guidance for employment and training programs since the 1990s. This chapter reviews the results of a selection of research, demonstrations, and evaluations that have studied the...
Ch 6 - Reemployment Services Policy
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Incongruously, the demand for reemployment services across the United States grew a great deal over the decade and a half after 1993, at the same time that resources were declining. Clinton administration policies that implemented the Worker Profiling and Reemployment...
Ch 7 - Public Job Training and Training Vouchers
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As a result of post–World War II economic and trade policies, the U.S. Department of Labor has operated public job training programs for over five decades. The goal of national job training programs has been to improve the operation of labor markets by enhancing the skills...
Ch 8 - The Self-Employment Experiments and the Self-Employment Assistance Program
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The U.S. Department of Labor sponsored two self-employment assistance (SEA) experiments in Massachusetts and Washington states during the late 1980s and early 1990s. This chapter examines these two experiments and the policy lessons learned from them. It discusses how the experiments led to the enactment of the federal SEA legislation. It...
Ch 9 - Work Sharing
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Work sharing—also called short-time compensation (STC)—was the experiment that did not happen.1 As work sharing emerged as a U.S. public policy issue in the 1970s, the Carter administration announced a 1977 plan to have the federal government take a leadership role...
Ch 10 - Reemployment Bonus Experiments and Public Policy
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The idea of reemployment bonuses originated in 1974 in Japan, where unemployed workers can receive a cash bonus for accepting a new job, but they cannot receive reemployment bonuses more frequently than once every three years. Reemployment bonuses also have...
Ch 11 - Summary and Conclusions
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This book has examined the impact that research has had on U.S. employment and training policy and programs over the past 25 years. It has identified employment programs that work and employment programs that do not work. Some programs that work have been pursued...
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About the Institute
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Page Count: 507
Publication Year: 2010