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Occupational Labor Shortages

Concepts, Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Burt S. Barnow, John Trutko, Jaclyn Schede Piatak

Publication Year: 2013

This book will help readers understand why occupational shortages arise, how to know a shortage when it is present, and to assess strategies to alleviate the shortage.

Published by: W.E. Upjohn Institute

Cover

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Dedication

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pp. 6-7

Contents, Figures, Tables

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pp. vii-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

The authors would like to thank the following individuals for sharing their time and expertise during interviews concerning the labor market conditions in the four occupations that were the focus of case studies included in this report: Erling E. Boe, University of Pennsylvania; Timothy Dall, The Lewin...

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1 - Conceptual Basis for Identifying and Measuring Occupational Labor Shortages

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pp. 1-33

Three general issues regarding labor shortages have been widely discussed by economists and policymakers. First, because of recent declines in the U.S. birthrate, some analysts are concerned that there will simply be too few workers to maintain growth in the American...

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2 - Special Education Teachers

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pp. 35-80

We selected special education teachers as a case study because there have been many reports in the popular and academic literature about shortages in this field, and these reports have persisted for more than 30 years. The labor market for this profession is interesting for several...

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3 - Pharmacists

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pp. 81-108

We selected pharmacists for a case study because there have been many reports in the popular and academic literature about shortages in the field, including a congressionally mandated study in 2000 (DHHS 2000). The labor market for this profession is interesting for...

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4 - Physical Therapists

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pp. 109-134

We selected physical therapists for a case study because physical therapy is a field that (along with nursing) has long been on the Department of Labor’s list of occupations experiencing a national shortage.1 In addition, the popular and academic literature has chronicled shortages...

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5 - Home Health and Personal Care Aides

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pp. 135-163

We selected home health aides and personal care aides for a case study because there have been many reports in the media and academic literature about shortages in the field. The labor market for this profession is interesting for several reasons. Because it is a low-skill occupation...

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6 - Conclusions and Recommendations for Further Action

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pp. 165-180

We first looked at occupational shortages nearly two decades ago (Trutko et al. 1993), and although we continue to define the economic concept of a labor shortage in the same manner, our specific findings on the presence or absence of shortages have changed over the years, and...

References

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pp. 181-190

Authors

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pp. 191-192

Index

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pp. 193-208

About the Institute

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pp. 209-225


E-ISBN-13: 9780880994132
E-ISBN-10: 0880994134
Print-ISBN-13: 9780880994118
Print-ISBN-10: 0880994118

Page Count: 222
Publication Year: 2013