Education Reform and the Limits of Policy
Lessons from Michigan
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: W.E. Upjohn Institute
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We want to thank all those who played important roles in bringing this book into print. First of all, we are grateful to Kevin Hollenbeck of the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, who urged us to embark on the project and, through the Upjohn Institute, provided the sponsorship and support that made possible the printing and publication of this work. ...
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On April 20, 2006, Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm signed legislation that set the most demanding high school graduation requirements in the nation. These standards, effective for all students in the 2011 graduating class, require four years of English language arts; four years of mathematics, including algebra II; three years of science; ...
2. A Fiscal and Educational System under Stress
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As the opening days of school approached in the fall of 2011, Michigan and its public schools in particular faced an uncertain future. While the national economy struggled to show some signs of lasting recovery from the Great Recession of 2008 and 2009, the state’s economy continued its unremitting decline. ...
3. Holding Schools Accountable
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For both Michigan and the entire nation, No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the landmark federal legislation adopted with great fanfare in January of 2002, is the sine qua non of school accountability programs— at least until it is amended by the Congress in a forthcoming reauthorization. ...
4. Assessing the Academic Outcomes of Schooling
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Today in Michigan there is an abundance of comparative information available on the academic outcomes of schooling, on how public school students are performing in critical academic subjects such as reading, writing, mathematics, science, and social studies. ...
5. Charter Schools
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Following the 1983 publication of A Nation at Risk, opinion leaders, policymakers, and the public became more vocal in their dissatisfaction with U.S. public schools. Indeed, this discontent triggered an astonishing wave of reforms covering teacher licensure requirements, improved teacher pay, longer school days and years, ...
6. Schools of Choice
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Following passage of Public Act 362 of 1993 and subsequent legislation that created Michigan’s charter school program, the Michigan legislature expanded the state’s educational choice initiatives by creating a schools of choice program in 1997.1 This legislation, Section 105 of the School Aid Act, required all local school boards ...
7. The Detroit Public Schools: A Failure of Policy and Politics
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As the fall of 2011 and a new school year approached, observers of DPS wondered if this once exemplary district had yet hit bottom. The district’s problems had never been more daunting: its budget deficit at the end of school year 2010–11 was $327 million, ballooning $108 million (49 percent) above the 2009–10 deficit level. ...
8. Reflections on the Limits of Policy
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As we neared the final chapter of this book, we began to reflect on our descriptions and discussions of the reforms, and attempts at reform, proposed and undertaken in Michigan over the past 40 years. We asked ourselves how we might make some coherent sense out of all of them. ...
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Michael F. Addonizio is a professor of education policy at the College of Education, Wayne State University, where he teaches graduate courses in public school finance, the economics of education, and education policy. His research interests include K–12 public school finance, teacher labor markets, and educational choice. ...
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About the Institute
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The W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research is a nonprofit research organization devoted to finding and promoting solutions to employment-related problems at the national, state, and local levels. It is an activity of the W.E. Upjohn Unemployment Trustee Corporation, which was established in 1932 to administer a fund set aside by Dr. W.E. Upjohn, ...
Page Count: 297
Publication Year: 2012