Matamoros and the Texas Revolution
Publication Year: 2013
Given that Matamoros served the Mexican states of Tamaulipas, Coahuila and Texas, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas, Chihuahua, and Durango, the city’s strategic location and considerable trade revenues were crucial. Roell provides a refreshing reinterpretation of the revolutionary conflict in Texas from a Mexican point of view, essentially turning the traditional story on its head. Readers will learn how Matamoros figured in the Mexican government's grand designs not only for national prosperity, but also to preserve Texas from threatened American encroachment. Ironically, Matamoros became closely linked to the United States through trade, and foreign intriguers who sought to detach Texas from Mexico found a home in the city.
Roell’s account culminates in the controversial Texan Matamoros expedition, which was composed mostly of American volunteers and paralyzed the Texas provisional government, divided military leaders, and helped lead to the tragic defeats at the Alamo, San Patricio, Agua Dulce Creek, Refugio, and Coleto (Goliad). Indeed, Sam Houston denounced the expedition as “the author of all our misfortunes.” In stark contrast, the brilliant and triumphant Matamoros campaign of Mexican General José de Urrea united his countrymen, defeated these revolutionaries, and occupied the coastal plain from Matamoros to Brazoria. Urrea's victory ensured that Matamoros would remain a part of Mexico, but Matamorenses also fought to preserve their own freedom from the centralizing policies of Mexican President Santa Anna, showing the streak of independence that characterizes Mexico's northern borderlands to this day.
Published by: Texas State Historical Association
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Title Page, Copyright
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1.Introducing Matamoros:Pearl of Great Price
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Lo que nada cuesta, nada vale (Whatever costs nothing is worth nothing).frequently prevailing are the North and South, which may be called prev-alent.?1 These words of Mexican physician Dr. Antonio Lafon, in an oth-erwise mundane nineteenth-century medical report concerning yellow fever in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, provide a tempting metaphor for the ...
2.Envisioning Matamoros:Refuge among the Estuaries
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...the reason the city was so desirable to so many contestants in the Texas Revolution?requires an appreciation for its challenging geography, invit-ing appearance, and vital economics. It is hard to imagine how astonished early settlers must have been when they first encountered this rich and exotic land teeming with wildlife, a unique ecosystem of resacas, mean-...
3.Puerta Matamoros:Gateway to Texas, the Gulf. . . and the World
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...before it attracted the plans of revolutionaries in Texas. Indeed, Matamoros was crucial in plans for reestablishing the Mexican economy, which had become burdened by tremendous debt incurred from the War of Indepen-dence with Spain. Matamoros would be part of the solution for keeping Texas out of the hands of expansionists from the United States by giving ...
4.Patriótica Matamoros:Revolution in Texas
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...?Nothing will aid Texas so much as an expedition from N. Orleans against storm, who visited judgment upon the earth. Spaniards transliterated the indigenous word, likely of Ta?no or Carib origin, into hurac?n to describe the terribly violent storms that seasonally plagued the Gulf, the Carib-bean, and the Atlantic.2 Hurricanes were well known to peoples dwell-...
5.Planning a Brilliant Folly:The Texan Expedition
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...stress the advantages of occupying Matamoros. Apparently his family and business contacts in the interior, plus a visit from Juli?n Pedro Miracle, representing Capt. Antonio Canales Rosillo, encouraged him enough to trust that federalist cooperation could still be forthcoming under General Mex?a and others.1 In a widely publicized letter written on December 2, ...
6.Judas, Scoundrels, Wolves,and Rascally Acquirements
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...polemical division in the Texas provisional government flared into white heat between Governor Smith, who advocated independence, and the majority of the General Council, who still favored the federalist Constitu-tion of 1824. Smith, who had authorized Houston to command an expe-dition to Matamoros, objected to Johnson and Grant?s leadership because ...
7.Triumphant Matamoros:The Mexican Expedition
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...nio L?pez de Santa Anna already had ordered his own expedition to Mat-amoros under the command of Gen. Jos? de Urrea. By January 15, Urrea set out for the river city and thence to begin the campaign into Texas to secure the coast and squash the approaching attackers. By month?s end, the general would effectively occupy Matamoros, placate the agitated citizens ...
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...?May Saint James destroy the enemy so that when we come again to Matamoros ?Don Santiago de Mendoza y Sor?a, character in Caballero by Jovita victory at San Jacinto, the capture of Santa Anna, and the resulting Trea-ties of Velasco, Texas had been stolen by Anglos masquerading as colonists defending the Constitution of 1824 whose true intent was to annex Texas ...
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...versy. Certainly this is true about Matamoros and the Texas Revolution. As in any great family argument, points of view abound; it is with dis-quietude that one even enters into the discussion. Still, I am thankful for the opportunity. My own vision was shaped initially by growing up in Victoria, Texas, just up the road from Goliad, in the heart of this vener-...
About the Author
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Craig H. Roell is a native of Victoria, Texas, the son of Henry R. and Ruth M. Roell. He earned his MA and PhD in history from the Uni-versity of Texas at Austin and was Samuel Davis Postdoctoral Fellow in Business History at Ohio State University. Dr. Roell was a Nelda C. and H. J. Lutcher Stark Foundation Fellow in Texas Studies for the Texas State ...
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Page Count: 160
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Fred Rider Cotten Popular History Series