Culture, Identity and Houses, 1878–1920
Publication Year: 2013
“Inside Texas: Culture, Identity and Houses, 1878–1920” is a 464 page book with 296 photos that tests and rejects the notion that Texas homes, like all things Texan, were unique and different. Over the 40 year time span covered by the book, decorating ideas nationally and in Texas went from the era of Victorianism with “all that stuff” to the spare, clean lines of the arts and crafts movement. By 1920, like Americans across the country, many Texans, especially the wealthier, were taking their decorating ideas from the new professionals – architects and designers – and their homes reflected less their own identity than the taste and eye of the decorator.
In seven years of research, Brandimarte traveled the state, collecting photographs of interiors of Texas homes – rare in comparison to exterior views. The images reprinted here are arranged neither in chronological order nor according to decorating style but by identities –occupation, family, ethnicity, social group, region, culture and refinement, class and style. Brief biographical information about the homeowners is incorporated into the text.
“Inside Texas” is about people and houses. It is social history, a significant contribution to scholarship, an invaluable resource for preservationist, docents, architects and designers as well as a book to be treasured by anyone who loves old houses.
Published by: TCU Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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...2. Ranchers and Lawyers, Photographers and Artists: Occupation 15 11. "Interior Decorators Were Not Yet With Us": Advice Literature 273 13. Deep in the Heart of Anywhere: Architects and Decorators 337 ...
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...her help. I will stop just short of urging all others to do the ...
1. “All That Stuff”: An Introduction
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...]I[ N 1984 author-screenwriter Horton Foote called me to advise him on a set design for the movie Railroads, A Record oJ Construction and Abandonment [Austin: Bu Railroads: A Record oj Construction and Abandonment [Austin: Bu which infiltrated the culture of the middle class. ,,23 In this nishings are "of the building itself, never fixtures on it. ,,27 ...
2. Ranchers and Lawyers, Photographers and Artists: Occupation
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Texans were carpenters, clerks, domestics, farmers, lawyers, merchants, musicians, railroad workers, ranchers, and teachers. But no matter what their occupations, they often chose to signify their work in household decoration. ...
3. Ties That Bind: Family
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...~ MONG the household elements most expressive n\ of an identification with family were crayon 3.2. Parlor, Unidentified house (possibly the George A. Miller house), Longview, 1897 (Courtesy Mrs. Paul Brooks Belding). 3.3. Parlor, James Franklin Newman house, 701 James Street, Sweetwater, ca. 1890 (City-County Pioneer Mu 3.4. Parlor, Andrew Jackson Long house, Sweetwater, ca. 1890 (Courtesy Douglas Barton Willingham). The family sits in a portrait gallery of relatives. The sitters ...
4. “Madonnas upon Log-Walls”: Ethnicity
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...4.2. Living room, Unidentified house, Brownville, ca. 1910 (Texas State Archives, Austin). 77 4.4. Multipurpose room, Unidentified house, Big Bend area, ca. 1920 (Photography Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Mrs. Charles C. Bush, III, and Institute of Texan Cultures, San tonio Conservation Society and Institute of Texan Cultures, San 4.8. Parlor, August Faltin residence, Corner of Main and Seventh streets, Comfort, 1891 (Courtesy Helen Faltin Martin; ...
5. Home Away from Home: Social Group
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...]IP EOPLE who lived away from home had a num ber of choices including cooperatives, hotels, 5.1. Sitting room, Rebecca Sparks Co-operative House, 1118 Franklin Street, Waco, ca. 1910 (Texas Col 5.2. Entry hall, Unidentified house, Houston, ca. 1910 (Harris County Heritage Society, Houston). fOl 5.3. Parlor, Cottage Hotel (Calvert Hotel), Corner of Railroad and Mitchell streets, Calvert, ca. 1905 (Courtesy 5.4. Parlor, Hereford House, Dewey A venue, Hereford, December 1, 1902 (Deaf Smith County Historical ...
6. The Alamo, the Lone Star, and the Confederacy: Region
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Jln E G ION A Liden tification was often indicated by L~ furnishings, decorative motifs, building mate 6.3. Multipurpose room, Lavonia Archer house, Mount Calm, April 1904 (Barker Texas History Center, Austin). 6.4. Parlor, Governor's Mansion during Thomas M. Campbell's tenure, Northeast corner of Mesquite (Eleventh) and Colorado streets, Austin, 1908 - 1911 (Courtesy Mr. and Mrs. Drew Wommack). I26 6.5. Library, Governor's Mansion, 1908 -1911 (Courtesy Mr. and Mrs. Drew Wommack). ...
7. Art Good Enough for Texas: Refinement
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...]I[ N A 1921 issue of the New Yark journal Arts & Decoration, art critic Forbes Watson related an an 7.2. Parlor, W. A. Fletcher house, "Front Parlor facing Pearl Street," parlor and sitting room, Beaumont, ca. 1900 7.3. Sitting room, Saturday Evening Conversation Club, Whitis Avenue, Austin, 1901 (Barker Texas History Cen 7.4. Parlor into Entry hall, B. O. Walcott house, North Fifth Street, Honey Grove, ca. 1901 (Courtesy John Black). 147 7.5. Parlor, B. O. Walcott house, October 18, 1904 (Courtesy John Black; Foster of Bonham, Photographer). ...
8. From Art Galleries to Sears, Roebuck: Class
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JlnHOTOGRAPHS in this chapter illustrate that a ~ householder's socioeconomic level was a critical 3709 Ross Avenue, Dallas, ca. 1905 (Dallas Historical Society). city. ,,3 In 1 896, after his first wife died, Crawford married 8.2. Entry hall into dining room, Pink L. Parrish, Sr., house, Main Street, Crosbyton, ca. 1915 (Crosby County 8.3. Entry hall, Van Alstyne-Dickson house, 1216 Main Street, Houston, ca. 1900 (Houston Metropolitan Research Center). ...
9. Aesthetic, Mission, and Colonial Revival: Style
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...tal print is styled after French artist Franc;:ois Boucher, I95 9.2. Parlor into bedroom, Francis Newberry and Julia Macy Holbrook house, 1885 (Southwest Collection, El Paso Public ing the I 880s. 3 Like other papers in the style, the fill paper making a literal reference to the "art" of the artistic interior nue), Victoria, ca. 1888 (Estate of Roger Fleming and Institute ...
10. Houses of Many Rooms: Multiple Identities
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...liP' H R 0 UGH the decoration of their homes, people L expressed their identity as residents of a region 10.2. Sitting room, Gregor Carmichael McGregor house, 1896 (Courtesy William M. and Frances P. Harris). 226 10.3. Dining room, Gregor Carmichael McGregor house, 1896 (Courtesy William M. and Frances P. Harris). 10.4. Entry hall ("Living room"), George Morland Bowie house, 1539 Fourth Street, Weatherford, 1902 (Panhandle-Plains 23 0 10.5. Parlor, "Looking from sitting room through library into back parlor," George Morland Bowie house, 1902 (Panhan ...
11. “Interior Decorators Were Not Yet With Us”: Advice Literature
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...]Ih' VEN Texans who created the most idiosyncratic U interiors also sought to approximate national 11.2. Interior of Peg Bonney paint and paper store, San Angelo, H vlng C refully Studle tbe W nta of the Tr de, I now have L rg nd El -. like Barber left it to the individual owners to decorate their 11.5. Interior of Whiteside & Sanford furniture store in Panhandle, ca. 1900 (Carson County Square House Museum, Pan ...
12. Toward Professional Decoration: A Case Study
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...pressed the Staitis' personal identity and taste in decorat- 30 7 12.1. Entry hall, Henry Thomas Staiti house, Westmoreland Place 2, Houston (later 421 Westmoreland A venue, at present located in Sam Houston Park), 1905 (Courtesy Lee Averill Lawrence, Carol Jackson, and Harris County Heritage Society, 12.2. Parlor, Henry Thomas Staiti house, 1905 (Courtesy Lee Averill Lawrence and Jeanette Jackson King). 12.3. Dining room, Henry Thomas Staiti house, 1905 (Courtesy Lee Averill Lawrence and Jeanette Jackson King). ...
13. Deep in the Heart of Anywhere: Architects and Decorators
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...11[7 0 W HAT EXT E N T were design professionals ac L cessible to turn-of-the-century Texans? Ellen west corner of Navarro and Travis streets (603 Navarro Street), 342 13.4. Parlor, George Washington West house, Northwest corner of Navarro and Travis streets (603 Navarro Street), San 13.5. Dining room, William B. Wright house, ca. 1890 (Architectural Drawings Collection, Archi tecture and Planning Library, General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin). ...
A Complex of Trails: Conclusion
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JI[ N 1981 two University of Chicago social scien tists, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and Eugene Roch ...
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Page Count: 460
Illustrations: 296 b&w photos.
Publication Year: 2013