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Essays on the Presidents

Principles and Politics

Paul Boller

Publication Year: 2013

Since he first began writing in the 1950s, Dr. Paul F. Boller Jr. has had a passion for sharing the humorous, intriguing, and little-known or widely misunderstood aspects of the American presidency. Boller has authored many beloved books on American presidents, the first ladies, presidential anecdotes, quotes, campaign strategies, and common myths.

This wide variety of topics has been collected for the first time in Essays on the Presidents, along with new essays and forewords. Boller's prose, distinct and inviting, causes the reader to see what is often overlooked in the history of American presidents: their humanity. Boller has searched for those patriotic narratives we have all heard at some point in our lives—whether from our schoolteachers, coworkers, or various trivia books—and corrects the misconceptions many Americans deem as truth in a lighthearted and truly characteristic voice. From Washington's relationship with the Jews to the electioneering and stump-speaking associated with American presidential campaigns, readers will not only see the significant changes in the presidential office since its conception, but also Boller’s lifetime of research and his expertise in the field of American history. Personality—of the most interesting presidents and of Boller himself—is an important theme throughout this collection.

The in-depth retelling of treasured American stories will captivate readers and keep them exploring for more nuggets of truth. Boller tracks the relationship between Americans and the presidents, uncovering the intricate nature of presidential responsibilities and the remarkable men whose leadership shaped the office into what it is today. Celebrating the commanders-in-chief and the career of the nationally-recognized American historian and TCU Emeritus Professor of political science, Essays on the Presidents serves as a unique perspective on American history that fans of both Boller and the presidents will enjoy.

Published by: TCU Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xiv

During my academic career as a specialist in American Studies, I have given lectures and written essays and reviews, as well as books, and I’m presenting twenty-six of them together here, with forewords to each putting them in context. Many of them no doubt reflect the times in which they were written as well as my thinking about various features of American life and thought. ...

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Chapter 1. The First American Presidency, 1789–1829

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pp. 1-3

What kind of president did the founding fathers want when they produced the US Constitution in 1787 and submitted it to the states for ratification? They certainly hoped for a highly moral chief executive who set a good model for the American people he governed, though they didn’t mention it in the document they prepared. ...

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Chapter 2. The Log Cabin Myth about American Presidents

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pp. 4-5

There haven’t been log cabin presidents for decades. Presidential campaigns cost millions of dollars these days, and candidates must collect a lot of it themselves if they’re going to win nominations in the primaries and elections in the presidential contest. ...

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Chapter 3. Pennsylvania: The Avenue of the Presidents

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pp. 6-17

When Sheldon Meyer, the wonderful senior editor at the Oxford University Press, decided to retire, William E. Leuchtenburg, one of the American historians with whom he had worked, arranged for the publication of a book in his honor containing essays by various historians whom Meyer had guided through editing and publication at Oxford. ...

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Chapter 4. The Story of Presidential Campaigns: From Electioneering to Taking to the Stump

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pp. 18-38

Times change. Everything human has a history. The idea that for many years it was considered indecent for a candidate for the presidency to go out making speeches about his policies seems incredible today. But the rule at the birth of the American republic was that the man doesn’t seek the office, but the office seeks the man. ...

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Chapter 5. No Need to Salute the Troops, Sir

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pp. 39-40

There are more reasons than my Star-Telegram column (1982) cited for presidents to refrain from behaving like military men. They didn’t rise from the ranks to their status as commanders in chief; they are not in uniform; and by putting themselves on the same level with military professionals, they lose the status the founding fathers assigned them as civilians, ...

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Chapter 6. To Bigotry No Sanction

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pp. 41-60

In a collection of essays entitled Character Counts, Os Guiness put together a book about four men of character whom he admired: George Washington, William Wilberforce, Abraham Lincoln, and Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn. There were two essays for each of the men, written by various specialists. ...

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Chater 7. The Campaign of 1852: A Civilian Beats a General

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pp. 61-73

During the 1952 presidential campaign, when General Dwight D. Eisenhower ran for president against Adlai Stevenson, Harry Truman, the outgoing president, pointed out that a century earlier, in 1852, a military man, General Winfield Scott, ran for president against Franklin Pierce and was badly defeated. ...

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Chapter 8. Professional Soldiers in the White House

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pp. 74-88

In 1952, when Dwight D. Eisenhower, one of our leading generals during World War II, ran for president as a Republican against Adlai Stevenson, the Democratic nominee, there was some discussion about whether a professional soldier could be a satisfactory president of a democratic country. ...

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Chapter 9. Religion in American Presidential Campaigns

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pp. 89-94

In 1992, soon after the Republicans, meeting in Houston, nominated George H. W. Bush for a second term, the president spoke to a convention of evangelical leaders in Dallas, Texas. In his talk President Bush said much about God, country, and prayer in the public schools. ...

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Chapter 10. George Washington and Civil Supremacy

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pp. 95-112

The article on “Professional Soldiers in the White House,” published in 1954, led me to look into George Washington’s devotion to the principle of civil supremacy over the military during the American Revolution and afterwards. I learned that, during the Revolutionary War, no matter how sloppy and irritating the Continental Congress could be at times, ...

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Chapter 11 George Washington and the Quakers

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pp. 113-124

While doing some research on George Washington’s religious views, I spent some time examining the relations between soldier Washington and the pacifist Quakers in Pennsylvania and elsewhere. During the American Revolution, I learned, Washington respected the Quakers’ right of conscience, but he was disturbed by their opposition to the struggle for independence ...

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Chater 12. John Adams’s Marginal Comments

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pp. 125-128

John Adams, the second president of the United States, was forever writing: letters, speeches, articles, and books, and he was certainly a stimulating writer. The multiplicity of nouns and adjectives that he piled up in his sentences, when he felt strongly about things, are a delight to read (and count). ...

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Chapter 13. Jefferson’s Dreams for the Future

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pp. 129-135

I know a lot more about Thomas Jefferson today than I did when I wrote this article about him, and though I’m still impressed with his thinking and writing, I’m disappointed that his dislike of slavery was more in the abstract than deeply felt. He was in debt much of the time, to be sure, but couldn’t he have saved money, as George Washington did, for his slaves’ ultimate freedom? ...

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Chapter 14. Thomas Jefferson and Tom Paine: Aristocrat and Democrat

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pp. 136-141

Thomas Jefferson, according to Richard Hofstadter, was “the Aristocrat as Democrat,” while Tom Paine was the “Democrat as Democrat.” The two shared democratic values but came from quite different backgrounds and behaved quite differently. They liked each other but simply didn’t move in the same circles. ...

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Chapter 15. The Madisons: James and Dolley

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pp. 142-144

Virginia Moore’s biography of James and Dolley would have been unusual—even impossible—in the old days. With most biographers, the presidents’ wives were given short shrift. There were a few books devoted to the wives themselves, but the conventional books about the presidents contained only a page of two about their wives. ...

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Chapter 16. The Gifted Abraham Lincoln

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pp. 145-151

Abraham Lincoln was the only president of the United States who was both a humorist and a literary artist. His amusing stories not only entertained people, they also enabled him to make serious points about his policies that impressed his associates. He possessed a melancholy streak that was exacerbated by the cruel crises he faced during the Civil War. ...

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Chapter 17. Herbert Hoover and the Great Depression

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pp. 152-154

Herbert Hoover never appealed much to me. With his Quaker background, it is true, he was reluctant to get into foreign wars; he preferred diplomacy. He was the first president, moreover, who took measures to cope with the deep depression that followed the crash of 1929. ...

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Chapter 18. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal

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pp. 155-159

In his lively study of the “New Deal” programs that Franklin Roosevelt devised, with the help of Congress, to combat the Great Depression, historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr. refers to the comment that the ninety-two-year-old Supreme Court justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. is said to have made about the new president in 1933: ...

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Chapter 19. Harry Truman in the White House

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pp. 160-165

There were things I liked about President Truman: his down-toearth frankness and his “Fair Deal” liberalism. I applauded his firing of General Douglas MacArthur for defying him, his civilian commander; his support of the Marshall Plan for helping the Western European countries out of the economic mess World War II had left them in; ...

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Chapter 20. The Eisenhower Diaries

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pp. 166-168

In both 1952 and 1956, I voted for Adlai Stevenson, the Democratic candidate for president for whom I had much admiration, but I did not despair because Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican candidate, won the election both times. He was friendly and likable and famous for the important part he played as an army general during World War II. ...

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Chapter 21. The Diversions of Lyndon B. Johnson

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pp. 169-174

Whether you like him or not, I’ve often said, Lyndon B. Johnson was one of the most interesting presidents we’ve ever had. He could be a dignified gentleman, a crude guy, a friendly fellow and a sadistic person, a big talker but a good absorber, too, a workaholic but also a hilarious fun-maker, and, above all, a hard-working political leader ...

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Chapter 22. Bush-Speak

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pp. 175-182

In the grand old days, the idea of teasing a president was unthinkable. Criticize, yes, making fun of him, no. George Washington received plenty of criticism from people who opposed his policies, but it never occurred to them to make fun of the way he walked, talked, and dressed. The same with Thomas Jefferson. ...

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Chapter 23. Presidential Wives: The Quest for Identity

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pp. 183-192

The history of the status of the presidents’ wives in the White House is fascinating, and I prepared a lecture on the subject based on the information I gathered when working on Presidential Wives (1988). Some wives, like Eleanor Roosevelt, were concerned about their “identity” in the White House, and other wives took it in their stride. ...

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Chapter 24. The American Presidents and Shakespeare

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pp. 193-208

On April 23, 1932, Shakespeare-lovers from around the country flocked up to Washington, DC, to attend the dedication of the handsome new Folger Shakespeare Library, with President Herbert Hoover and the First Lady Lou Henry Hoover sitting on a platform watching the ceremony. ...

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Chapter 25. The Inauguration of Barack Obama

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pp. 209-219

My book, Presidential Inaugurations, published in 2001, covered all the inaugural ceremonies from George Washington to George W. Bush, and in a chapter entitled “2001—Into the Twenty-First Century” called attention to Bush’s clumsy dancing at the inaugural balls held in his honor. ...

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Chapter 26. They Really Said It: Quotes from the Presidents and Their Wives

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pp. 220-240

Quotations have long fascinated me, some for their beauty, others for their insights, and still others for their humor. In 1967, a book of mine on the various uses of quotations—Quotemanship: The Use and Abuse of Quotations for Polemical and Other Purposes—was published and attracted a lot of attention. ...

Index

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pp. 241-245


E-ISBN-13: 9780875654980
E-ISBN-10: 0875654983
Print-ISBN-13: 9780875654430

Page Count: 224
Publication Year: 2013