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Building The Goodly Fellowship Of Faith

A History of the Episcopal Church in Utah, 1867-1996

Frederick Quinn

Publication Year: 2004

As this critical, independent history, which ends with the ordination of one of the first women bishops in the nation, shows, Utah Episcopalians have had, despite small numbers, a remarkably eventful and significant history, which included complex relations with Mormons and Native Americans, early experience of women and homosexuals in the ministry, and a fascinating set of bishops. Among the latter were Daniel Tuttle, a leading figure in Episcopal history; Christian socialist and Social Gospel proponent Frank Spencer Spalding; and Paul Jones, forced to resign because of his pacifism during WWI.

Frederick Quinn, an Episcopal priest and historian, is adjunct professor of history at Utah State University and adjunct professor of political science at the University of Utah. His previous books include Democracy at Dawn, Notes From Poland and Points East, a TLS International Book of the Year, and African Saints, Martyrs, and Holy People, a Black Catholic Congress Book of the Month. A former chaplain at Washington National Cathedral, he holds a doctorate in history from the University of California at Los Angeles.

Published by: Utah State University Press

Title Page

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pp. i-

Copyright

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pp. iv-

Contents

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pp. vii-

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Introduction

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pp. ix-

The past draws us to it like a magnet, and a question many new church members soon ask is, “What is the history of the Episcopal Church in this place?” The obvious first response in Utah is to read the Reminiscences of a Missionary Bishop by Daniel S. Tuttle, the territory’s first missionary bishop, who arrived by stagecoach in July 1867. The Tuttle work is remarkable; the quality of its travel writing belongs with the best products of the nineteenth century, but the book is over...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xix-

The Special Collections staff of the J. Willard Marriott Library of the University of Utah have been extraordinarily helpful, especially Gregory Thompson, director; Walter Jones, assistant head of Special Collections; and Stanley Larsen, archivist. Equally valuable were the Utah State University Library Special Collections and Archives in Logan....

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1. Daniel S. Tuttle, the Pioneer Bishop

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pp. 1-

Daniel S. Tuttle, who arrived by stagecoach in Utah in the summer of 1867, was the first permanent Protestant missionary to settle in Salt Lake City. Two decades earlier the Latter-day Saints had settled there and Brigham Young, their leader, had declared, “This is the place.” A small number of Protestants also came to Utah, drawn by new...

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2. Abiel Leonard, the Bishop as Builder

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pp. 31-

The nearly sixteen-year, cautious but competent episcopate of Abiel Leonard is bracketed by the more highly visible terms of Daniel S. Tuttle and Franklin Spencer Spalding, two giants of the national church. His role was like appearing in the batting order between Lou Gherig and Babe Ruth. As in the case of Tuttle, another candidate...

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3. Franklin Spencer Spalding, the Socialist Bishop

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pp. 49-

For fourteen years, from 1904 to 1918, two socialist bishops with national reputations for their outspokenness led the Utah missionary district. The assumption might be that they were somehow otherwise deficient as church leaders, but both Franklin Spencer Spalding and Paul Jones were tireless visitors to isolated communities, skilled pastors, and able administrators when a balance sheet is drawn on the whole of their controversial episcopates. Socialism held...

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4. Paul Jones, the Pacifist Bishop

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pp. 98-122

If a writer of Greek tragedies had lived in early-twentieth-century America, and sought material for a next play, the encounter of Paul Jones, Utah’s pacifist bishop during World War I, with the Missionary District Council of Advice and the House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church, would have provided rich subject matter. All the ingredients were there: wartime patriotic fervor;...

Photo Section 1

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pp. 78-

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5. Arthur W. Moulton, the Lean Years

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pp. 123-145

The first half-century of Utah church leadership produced such seminal figures as bishops Tuttle, Spalding, and Jones, and the missionary district’s history would rival that of any Episcopal diocese for lively interest. After the latter two bishops, Utah sought a less politically controversial leader. Arthur Wheelock Moulton, beloved rector...

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6. Stephen C. Clark, a Promising Episcopate Cut Down by Death

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pp. 146-165

The shape of the modern Episcopal Church in Utah is largely due to the careful planning of its most unknown bishop, Stephen Cutter Clark, whose promising episcopate began in December 1946. Stricken with a stroke in January 1949, he died in November 1950. Clark’s name is rarely mentioned, but...

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7. Richard S. Watson, Bishop of a Growing Church

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pp. 166-215

He worked first as a vaudeville actor, and the instincts never left him; then as a lawyer, priest, and bishop. Richard S. Watson, missionary bishop of Utah from 1951 to 1971, could look up from his desk like an executive in a 1950s movie, fire off demographic statistics, and unroll blueprint drawings of churches he dreamed of building. Nine new churches or missions were established in places as distant as...

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8. E. Otis Charles, the Independent Diocese

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pp. 216-242

The thick white hair and thin, slightly lined ascetic face suggested someone who prayed a lot, and the merry, piercing eyes bespoke pastoral warmth. If the casting director of a 1970s film sought someone to play the role of bishop, on sight they could have easily settled on E. Otis Charles, first bishop of the independent Diocese of Utah. Charles was a right-side-of-the-brain person, an E in the Meyer Briggs personality test....

Photo Section 2

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pp. 196-

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9. George E. Bates, the Bishop Who Sold the Hospital

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pp. 243-267

When the colorful, activist Charles moved on to his Cambridge deanship, the Utah diocese sought a less dramatic personality in its next bishop. George E. Bates fit the bill. Tall, at 6 feet 6 inches, and looking like a bishop, he was the experienced rector of two significant parishes, one in Oregon, the second in New Mexico, before becoming Utah’s...

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10. Building the “Goodly Fellowship”: The Summing Up

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pp. 268-273

So ends the story, as of 1996, a story of an adventure that began in the summer of 1867 when a dust–covered, pistol-packing eastern bishop arrived by stagecoach in the frontier town of Salt Lake City. The Utah Territory was still under federal occupation; it would not become a state until 1896. Relations with the Latter-day Saints were...

Notes

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pp. 274-311

Bibliography

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pp. 312-318

Index

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pp. 319-324


E-ISBN-13: 9780874215069
Print-ISBN-13: 9780874215939

Publication Year: 2004