We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE
OR

Nevada's Changing Wildlife Habitat

An Ecological History

George Gruell, Sherman Swanson

Publication Year: 2012

Published by: University of Nevada Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF (73.7 KB)
 

Contents / List of Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF (488.6 KB)
pp. v-vii

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF (63.0 KB)
pp. ix-xi

The hiker who spends a day enjoying Nevada’s high mountains is not likely to see the mountain lion that is watching him. The motorist traveling a lonely highway through one of Nevada’s sprawling valleys glimpses movement amidst the high-desert vegetation...

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF (55.6 KB)
pp. xiii-xiv

Preparation of this book turned out to be an engrossing and demanding endeavor. Its publication would not have been possible without the steadfast support of forest ecologist Stephen F. Arno, U.S. Forest Service (retired). Steve provided seemingly endless...

I. Climate Changes and Consequences

pdf iconDownload PDF (21.7 KB)
pp. 1-16

read more

1. The Pleistocene and Holocene Epochs: Prehuman Context

pdf iconDownload PDF (85.5 KB)
pp. 3-7

For most of the past two million years the prehistoric landscapes of the Great Basin were in the grip of the Pleistocene “Ice Age.”1 Through these millennia, vegetation responded to glacial and interglacial cycles of frigid and warm periods, and a variety...

read more

2. The First People: Hunters and Gatherers

pdf iconDownload PDF (104.7 KB)
pp. 8-16

Archaeological evidence suggests that the Great Basin was among the first areas of North America to be inhabited by humans.1 Their artifacts indicate a hunting and gathering way of life involving seasonal migration between valleys and mountains to take advantage...

II. Presettlement

pdf iconDownload PDF (21.6 KB)
pp. 17-

read more

3. Fire: A Natural Disturbance and Human Tool

pdf iconDownload PDF (177.8 KB)
pp. 19-25

Before Euro-Americans settled the interior West, fires ignited by native peoples and lightning played a major role in shaping the dominant vegetation.1 The frequency of these fires depended on available fuel (dead and living vegetation), topography, sources of...

read more

4. Vegetation: A Sea of Sagebrush or Landscape of Great Variety

pdf iconDownload PDF (114.1 KB)
pp. 26-34

What was Nevada’s cold desert vegetation like at the time Europeans entered the Great Basin? The answer is steeped in controversy. George Stewart’s analysis of ecological data and historical records in northwestern Utah showed a predominance of perennial...

read more

5. Wildlife: Abundance and Scarcity

pdf iconDownload PDF (127.5 KB)
pp. 35-45

What kinds of wildlife did early landscape vegetation support? A reasonably good impression comes from examining historical accounts of early travelers and interpreting them with contemporary knowledge about species’ habitat requirements. We would expect...

III. Presettlement

pdf iconDownload PDF (21.7 KB)
pp. 47-74

read more

6. Climate: Averages and Extremes

pdf iconDownload PDF (83.2 KB)
pp. 49-53

Along with Euro-American settlement came an unprecedented increase in Nevada’s woody vegetation. The causes are widely debated. Some plant ecologists believe that the temperature increase of 0.6˚F–1.1˚F since 1900 has increased the growth of perennial...

read more

7. Woodcutting: Boomtowns before Fossil Fuels

pdf iconDownload PDF (75.4 KB)
pp. 54-56

The arrival of Euro-American settlers, especially miners, brought a quick and dramatic change to Nevada’s woodlands. Processing ore required heat. Miners and the local economy that supported them needed wood for infrastructure, cooking, and fuel...

read more

8. Livestock Grazing: Herbivory and Range Depletion

pdf iconDownload PDF (121.0 KB)
pp. 57-66

Word of rich silver ore east of the Sierra Nevada spread through California like wildfire in 1860. Crowds of men packed their belongings and hiked over the high mountain passes in search of riches. When ore was discovered at Aurora, prospectors began...

read more

9. Fire: A Changing Force on the Landscape

pdf iconDownload PDF (201.0 KB)
pp. 67-74

Settlement brought about profound changes in the way fires burned on the Nevada landscape. By the end of the 1800s towns and mining camps had sprung up throughout the region. Towns such as Winnemucca, Battle Mountain, Elko, and Wells provided...

IV. Changes on the Landscape

pdf iconDownload PDF (21.7 KB)
pp. 75-

read more

10. Vegetation Resilience and Succession: Meet Abuse and Decadence

pdf iconDownload PDF (1.6 MB)
pp. 77-101

The first European settlers began changing North American landscapes as soon as they arrived. The newcomers cut trees, and their Old World–style farms displaced oak-hickory forests and Indian cornfields east of the Mississippi River. In Missouri...

read more

11. Wildlife: Habitat Relationships

pdf iconDownload PDF (275.4 KB)
pp. 102-120

The discovery of gold in California brought large numbers of Euro-Americans through Nevada on their way to the gold fields. The discovery of silver and gold on the Comstock a decade later began a century and a half of extensive changes to Nevada’s cold...

read more

12. Management Choices: We Cannot Do Nothing

pdf iconDownload PDF (118.5 KB)
pp. 121-130

The vegetation and wildlife of the Great Basin have changed profoundly since prehistoric times. A major expansion of woody plants accelerated following settlement, largely because of livestock grazing and suppression of wildfires. By the mid-twentieth century...

Appendix 1: Chronology of Changes in Vegetation, Fire, and Wildlife

pdf iconDownload PDF (55.7 KB)
pp. 131-132

Appendix 2: Nevada’s Wildland Plants

pdf iconDownload PDF (70.9 KB)
pp. 133-135

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF (154.1 KB)
pp. 137-154

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF (139.9 KB)
pp. 155-168

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF (101.0 KB)
pp. 169-178


E-ISBN-13: 9780874178784
Print-ISBN-13: 9780874178715

Page Count: 192
Illustrations: 30 photos, 1 map, 1 table
Publication Year: 2012

Research Areas

Recommend

Subject Headings

  • Nevada -- Environmental conditions.
  • Ecological disturbances -- Nevada -- History.
  • Landscape changes -- Nevada -- History.
  • Human ecology -- Nevada -- History.
  • Nature -- Effect of human beings on -- Nevada -- History.
  • Natural history -- Nevada.
  • Desert ecology -- Nevada -- History.
  • Habitat (Ecology) -- Nevada -- History.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access