Ideologies of Hispanism
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: Vanderbilt University Press
Table of Contents
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Introduction: Mapping Hispanism
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In the context of current debates on postcolonialism and multiculturalism, a collective reflection on ideologies of hispanism seems to be in order. And yet, this is a daunting task, given the ambiguities and complexities involved both in the mere definition of the topic and in the demarcation of its theoretical and epistemological boundaries...
Part I: Constructions of Hispanism: The Spanish Language and Its Others
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Chapter 1: Spanish in the Sixteenth Century: The Colonial Hispanization of Andean Indigenous Languages and Cultures
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Evangelization was the main justification for the Spanish colonization of the Indies, but it could not be carried out without a common language. I will explore the circumstances of this seemingly focused religious activity from the perspective of its attached language policies and their application, and examine their disproportionate...
Chapter 2: The Pre-Columbian Past as a Project: Miguel Le�n Portilla and Hispanism
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Defining the state of the Nahuatl literature studies prior to the 1950s is simple: they were nonexistent. In his classical essay “Visión de Anáhuac,” for instance, Alfonso Reyes regrets that the system of the poetry of the ancient Mexicans was lost and that the only thing remaining is a group of fragments recorded by the Spanish, fragments that...
Chapter 3: “La hora ha llegado”: Hispanism, Pan-Americanism, and the Hope of Spanish/American Glory (1938–1948)
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How does one justify writing fiction and poetry—or, for that matter, literary criticism—in a time of international crisis? What legitimacy does creating and studying literature have when the newspapers are full of war and death? North- American Hispanists and Spanish-speaking intellectuals facing these questions in the 1930s and ’40s had a confident, double answer to that dilemma. In the first place, as scholars....
Part II: Consolidation and Transformations of Hispanism: Ideological Paradigms
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Chapter 4: Rapping on the Cast(i)le Gates: Nationalism and Culture-Planning in Contemporary Spain
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On December 18, 2001, two members of Spain’s ruling conservative party, María San Gil, a city councilor from the Basque Country and national party official, and Josep Piqué, the Catalan-born Minister of Foreign Affairs, presented their much awaited ponencia on “Patriotismo Constitucional” to the press in Madrid.1 As the pre- and...
Chapter 5: Beyond Castro and Maravall: Interpellation, Mimesis, and the Hegemony of Spanish Culture
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With certain notable exceptions, Hispanism in the twentieth century labored under the reputation that it was a backwater of literary and cultural studies. For reasons that seem at once very old and very new, Spanish studies outside of Spain long seemed to lag at some significant pace “behind” that of cognate fields. If there is reason to hedge this broad-based claim, it is not so much because the picture inside Spain...
Chapter 6: Whose Hispanism? Cultural Trauma, Disciplined Memory, and Symbolic Dominance
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A crucial function of the humanistic disciplines is to foster and preserve cultural memory. The memory thus preserved depends not only on each discipline’s criteria of relevance but also on the force exerted by the discipline itself—through its investments, tradition, and incorporated assumptions—on the selected materials, that is, on its record...
Part III: Latin Americanism and Cultural Critique
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Chapter 7: Latin America in the U.S. Imaginary: Postcolonialism, Translation, and the Magic Realist Imperative
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The programmatic categories of my title attempt to summarize a discomfort, an ideological blind spot in the construction of “Latin America” by the United States academy and by the public at large. Academically, I refer to the discomfort felt by many Latin American intellectuals when presented with a postcolonial “model” to which Latin America is expected to conform; a model whose terms have been formulated from, and...
Chapter 8: Mules and Snakes: On the Neo-Baroque Principle of De-Localization
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The baroque theoria or procession, not only attends to the passion of the god. Fundamentally, as the saetas show, it is also an adventure, an exposure to the open. The baroque paso, as a passion in the open, is the site of an event. Something happens (pathos) that establishes a relationless relationship with the outside. The baroque pathos, if St. Teresa of Avila or St. John of the Cross can offer a possible model, is the trace...
Chapter 9: Keeping Things Opaque: On the Reluctant Personalism of a Certain Mode of Critique
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When we speak of literature, or culture, or the queer, or the subaltern, or so much else, do we not also speak of our disciplines, or institutions, or nations, maybe all together?1 Are we not spoken, at least in part, by our disciplines, institutions, or nations as well, even when we represent them as intermixed? For that matter, when we speak of ourselves...
Part IV: Hispanism/Latin Americanism: New Articulations
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Chapter 10: Xenophobia and Diasporic Latin Americanism: Mapping Antagonisms around the “Foreign”
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The set of problems to be framed in this essay—discursive battles taking place within and around the category of the “foreign” as well as the status of Latin Americanism in them—does not start on September 11, 2001 but is the result of a contradictory historical process. These questions have been, however, formulated differently in the wake...
Chapter 11: Hispanism in an Imperfect Past and an Uncertain Present
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The notion of “Hispanism” will never be an easy sell in the United States academy. Nor should it be. It is a term fraught with intellectual weaknesses and marked historically by ideological agendas that do it little credit. In the Anglo- American world, no broad movement exists in support of an analogous term for the culture of England...
Chapter 12: Hispanism and Its Lines of Flight
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The era in which Hispanism stood as an organic principle governing the study of Spanish and Spanish American letters seems like a dim and distant memory. Whether we like it or not, humanistic fields of study such as Hispanism have been supplanted by a disciplinary practice in a constant state of flux, less a community of established texts and methods than an aggregate of wholly disparate elements in which...
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In her introduction to this volume, Mabel Mora�a argues that the concept and practice of Hispanism ought to be reexamined from a multidisciplinary and transnational perspective, keeping in mind the academic loci from which the dissemination of knowledge related to this field emanate. This very point is also emphasized...
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Page Count: 360
Publication Year: 2005