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Everyday Ruptures

Children, Youth, and Migration in Global Perspective

Edited by Cati Coe, Rachel R. Reynolds, Deborah A. Boehm, Judith Meredith Hess, and Heather Rae-Espinoza

Publication Year: 2010

When people—whether children, youth, and adults—migrate, that migration is often perceived as a rupture, with people separated by great distances and for extended periods of time. But for migrants and those affected by migration, the everyday persists, and migration itself may be critical to the continuation of social life. Everyday Ruptures illuminates the wide-ranging continuities and disruptions in the experiences of children around the world, those who participate in and those who are affected by migration. The book is organized around four themes: • how children’s agency is affected by institutions, families, and beliefs • how families and individuals create and maintain kin ties in conditions of rupture • how emotion and affect are linked to global divisions and flows • how the actions of states create ruptures and continuities

Published by: Vanderbilt University Press

Title Page

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p. iii-iii

Table of Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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p. vii-vii

This book comes out of a January 2008 workshop held by the Working Group on Childhood and Migration in New York City funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. We are grateful to all the participants in the workshop for helping us develop the ideas expressed here, the Wenner-Gren Foundation for its support, and Union ...

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Introduction: Children, Youth, and the Everyday Ruptures of Migration

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pp. 1-19

Migration and movement across multiple borders characterize the current global moment. As people move about the globe, continuity and change are intertwined, resulting in what we understand to be “everyday ruptures.” Migration is inherently characterized by rupture—a break, change, distance, division—and it necessarily includes the everyday: ...

I. Child Agency/Adult Power: Negotiating Movement and New Identities

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1. Children's Agency in Family Migration Decision Making in Britain

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pp. 23-38

Traditionally, studies of why families migrate tended to focus on eco-nomic motivations for migration (Fielding 1992; Halfacree and Boyle 1993; Halfacree 2004; Smith 2004). A flurry of gender-sensitive research into migration decision making over the past two decades has analyzed women’s involvement, in particular if the women “trail” men and make ...

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2. "For Tibet": Youth, Hip-Hop, and Transforming the Tibetan Global Imaginary

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pp. 39-60

On October 30, 2007, I watched Tenzin Norgay, a Tibetan high school student living in Albuquerque, New Mexico, who raps under the name Lazzyboi, perform a song that he had written entitled “Fighting for Ti-bet” at the Tibetan community center in Santa Fe. Dressed in baggy jeans held up by a belt with a crown-shaped belt buckle, a long orange ...

II. Social Reproduction: Family and Kinship across Borders and Generations

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3. Transnational Fosterage: The Novel Care Arrangements between Guinean Caregivers and Ivorian and Liberian Children Fleeing War

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pp. 63-78

Starting in 1989, conflict has affected the nations of Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d’Ivoire. The effects of these interrelated conflicts have overrun national boundaries; flows of resources, armed combatants, and refugees have made this a subregional issue. Hundreds of thousands of people in West Africa have fled across borders to escape war. A large fraction of these refugees are children. Many unaccompanied...

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4. Modes of Transnational Relatedness: Caribbean Migrants' Networks of Child Care and Ritual Kinship

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pp. 79-94

Regional and oceanic migrations have been part of Caribbean strategies of making a living for several generations. Because of this tradition of mobility and the positive values attached to it, the notion of rupture that recurs in the essays of this volume cannot connote anomalous disruption of normally sedentary social groups or families in analyses of ...

III. The Circulation of Affect: Emotion, Children, and Global Flows

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5. How Children Feel about Their Parents' Migration: A History of the Reciprocity of Care in Ghana

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pp. 97-114

Many studies of transnational family life have argued that transnational migration challenges norms and ideals of family life. Most of these studies have focused on the marital bond in which gender roles and house-hold labor are redefined and contested in migrant households, but a few also examine how children of migrant mothers experience the loss of ...

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6. The Children of

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pp. 115-138

In the study of migration journeys, we must look not only to the experiences of the migrants themselves but also at how the effects of these journeys weave through the cultural values and experiences of the people who stay. In the literature, much of the concern for those who stay has focused on the children, whom researchers perceive as “left behind.” Images of children without adult figures raising...

IV. Status and the State: State Power, Migrant Responses, and Constructions of Childhood

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7. Schooling and the Everyday Ruptures Transnational Children Encounter in the United States and Mexico

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pp. 141-160

The core consideration of this volume is the everyday ruptures that characterize the experiences of transnational children and youth. As the term “everyday” implies, the focus is on the quotidian, the unremarkable, the ordinary or common, in pointed contrast with the term “rupture,” which implies violent separation, shock, and break. Per this understanding, the dynamics of ICE raids that separate parents...

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8. Here/Not Here: Contingent Citizenship and Transnational Mexican Children

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pp. 161-173

When I was recently in Mexico, I spent an afternoon with a friend, Liliana, as she cared for a chaotic house full of children. They ran back and forth between a dusty courtyard filled with goats and chickens and the living room where we were talking. “Come, niños,” she called to the two smallest of the group, “I have someone for you to meet.” Liliana then introduced me to her grandsons, Victor...

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9. The Transnationally Affected: Spanish State Policies and the Life-Course Events of Families in North Africa

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pp. 174-187

Changes in Spanish law produce changes in migration strategies in North Africa. These state policies contribute to the everyday ruptures child migrants and their families experience, as I show in this chapter. Spanish legislation on unaccompanied minors is contradictory: on the one hand, they are immigrants in an irregular administrative situation, ...

Notes

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pp. 189-194

Bibliography

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pp. 195-220

Contributors

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pp. 221-222

Index

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pp. 223-230


E-ISBN-13: 9780826517494
Print-ISBN-13: 9780826517470
Print-ISBN-10: 0826517471

Page Count: 240
Publication Year: 2010