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Building Nineteenth-Century Latin America

Re-Rooted Cultures, Identities, and Nations

Edited by William G. Acree Jr. and Juan Carlos González Espitia

Publication Year: 2009

How did culture and identity take root as the new nations and state institutions were being fashioned across Latin America after the wars of independence? These original essays tease out the power of print and visual cultures, examine the impact of carnival, delve into religion and war, and study the complex histories of gender identities and disease.

Published by: Vanderbilt University Press

Building Nineteenth-Century Latin America Re-Rooted Cultures, Identities, and Nations

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Building Nineteenth-Century Latin America Re-Rooted Cultures, Identities, and Nations

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p. iii-iii

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

This book was born out of the activities and experiences of a working group within the Consortium in Latin American and Caribbean Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University. Created in 2004 as "Latin America in the Nineteenth Century" and continuing through the 2006-2007 academic year, this group held regular meetings and brought scholars from across the United States to give talks on themes that appear throughout this volume...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-8

In Latin America, national origins and national histories began with independence. Independence was nation building, or the beginning of the process of nation building, as could be seen one hundred years later in the displays of centennial celebrations of independence...

Part I. Lasting Impressions

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Chapter 1. Foundational Images of the Nation in Latin America

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pp. 11-31

Nation and nationalism have made their mark on scholarship in the most divergent disciplines, fueling debates that have focused on connections to literature, history, memory, narrative, ethnicity, sexual identity, gender, and culture. Scholars of visual arts and communication studies have also actively engaged in these debates. Indeed, few and far between are the academic disciplines that have not been affected by conversations on nation and nationalism...

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Chapter 2. Words, Wars, and Public Celebrations, The Emergence of Rioplatense Print Culture

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pp. 32-58

By 6 December 1779, the deal had been sealed. After sitting inactive for more than a dozen years in the dark, dank basement of the University of C

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Chapter 3. Novels, Newspapers, and Nation, The Beginnings of Serial Fiction in Nineteenth-Century Mexico

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pp. 59-78

Serial novels constitute the majority of narrative fiction written in Mexico from the 1840s to the 1870s. While in literary histories these novels are often relegated to a category of inferior literature, I argue that these texts functioned as important instruments for the construction and dissemination of national models, and thus served as a fundamental tool in the early phases of the nation-building process in Mexico.1...

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Chapter 4. Toikove Ñane Retã! Republican Nationalism at the Battlefield Crossings of Print and Speech in Wartime Paraguay, 1867–1868

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pp. 79-97

By the early months of 1867, writing was a difficult task in the Paraguayan encampment of Paso Puc

Part II. Cultures on Display

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Chapter 5. Forms of Historic Imagination, Visual Culture, Historiography, and the Tropes of War in Nineteenth-Century Venezuela

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pp. 101-132

Clio’s ClosetThe relationships between the written word and visual culture throughout the nineteenth century were complex. They shared symbolic spaces, mobilized didactic forces, sought to delineate their respective domains, and fought over clientele...

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Chapter 6. Anything Goes, Carnivalesque Transgressions in Nineteenth-Century Latin America

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pp. 133-149

Carnival is the time of year reserved specifically in the public life of Latin America for transgressive activities. Carnival happens during three main, "fat" days that are always a Sunday through Tuesday determined by the date of Easter, which must fall between 22 March and 26 April. Carnival Sunday is seven weeks before Easter Sunday...

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Chapter 7. Performing the Porfiriato, Federico Gamboa and the Negotiation of Power

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pp. 150-174

A president comes to power under questionable circumstances with the support of conservative forces in Mexico and abroad. Pro-business and other major newspapers publish editorials in the United States that hail the newly-elected leader as a friend of progress, while in Mexico the political Left questions his legitimacy...

Part III. Ideologies, Revelations, and Hidden Nations

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Chapter 8. The Imponderable and the Permissible, Caste Wars, Culture Wars, and Porfirian Piety in the Yucat

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pp. 177-201

During the second half of the nineteenth century, a specter haunted devout Mexicans: the specter of liberalism. Yet another revolution had taken place in 1876, but no one knew what it meant for the long run...

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Chapter 9. Birds of a Feather, Pollos and the Nineteenth-Century Prehistory of Mexican Homosexuality

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pp. 202-226

Carlos Monsiv

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Chapter 10. Unveiling the Mask of Modernity, A Critical Gendered Perspective of Amistad funesta and the Early Chronicles of Jos

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pp. 227-245

On the cover of the 1840 French translation of Hieronymus Fracastorius’s poem “Syphilis,” a vignette features a masked woman with her handsome courtier kneeling in front of her.1 From the side angle, only a spectator could see that beneath the masked face of the beautiful woman lies the disease and corruption of the prostitute...

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Chapter II. A Brief Syphilography of Nineteenth-Century Latin America

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pp. 246-270

Ideas of construction, building, and foundation are recurrent in the study of nineteenth-century Latin America. The processes of independence and the implementation of republicanism are generally presented under the positive light of agglutination and progress...

Contributors

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pp. 271-273

Index

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pp. 275-285


E-ISBN-13: 9780826516671
Print-ISBN-13: 9780826516657
Print-ISBN-10: 0826516653

Page Count: 312
Publication Year: 2009

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Latin America -- History -- 19th century.
  • Latin America -- Intellectual life -- 19th century.
  • Publishers and publishing -- Latin America -- History -- 19th century.
  • National characteristics, Latin American.
  • Nationalism -- Latin America -- History -- 19th century.
  • Popular culture -- Latin America -- History -- 19th century.
  • Gender identity -- Latin America -- History -- 19th century.
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