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Clovis Caches

Recent Discoveries and New Research

Bruce B. Huckell

Publication Year: 2014

“A unique, significant contribution to our maturing studies of the Clovis era.”—Gary Haynes, author of The Early Settlement of North America: The Clovis Era

The Paleoindian Clovis culture is known for distinctive stone and bone tools often associated with mammoth and bison remains, dating back some 13,500 years. While the term Clovis is known to every archaeology student, few books have detailed the specifics of Clovis archaeology. This collection of essays investigates caches of Clovis tools, many of which have only recently come to light. These caches are time capsules that allow archaeologists to examine Clovis tools at earlier stages of manufacture than the broken and discarded artifacts typically recovered from other sites. The studies comprising this volume treat methodological and theoretical issues including the recognition of Clovis caches, Clovis lithic technology, mobility, and land use.

Published by: University of New Mexico Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Illustrations

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pp. vii-x

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1: Clovis Caches: Discoveries, Identification, Lithic Technology, and Land Use

Bruce B. Huckell and J. David Kilby

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pp. 1-10

...out of a plowed field. That field, he mentions, is within an area of rolling prairie, not near any obvious landmarks. There are two dozen artifacts—none are finished projectile points. Half of them are bifaces, a few small ones plus a couple very large ones that all appear unfinished; the rest are flakes or blade-like...

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2: New Insights into the Simon Clovis Cache

Paul Santarone

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pp. 11-24

...cache I was struck by discrepancies in the information reported. Careful examination showed that artifact inventories and descriptions did not agree between publications. As a result I undertook to determine how and why these discrepancies came...

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3: A Contextual and Technological Reevaluation of the Dickenson Blade Cache, Blackwater Locality No. 1, Roosevelt County, New Mexico

Peter C. Condon, George Crawford, Vance T. Holliday, C. Vance Haynes Jr., and Jill Onken

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pp. 25-38

...yielded the first documented cached assemblage of 17 blades (i.e., the Green cache) associated with late Pleistocene deposits in North America (Green 1963; Stanford 1991; Collins 1999b) (Figure 3.1). This discovery significantly contributed to the recognition of a regionally related Clovis blade technology, a critical milestone in the study of early...

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4: Clovis Caches and Clovis Knowledge of the North American Landscape: The Mahaffy Cache, Colorado

Douglas B. Bamforth

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pp. 39-60

...Rocky Mountains, all on the opposite side of the Continental Divide from the cache. This paper discusses this discovery, arguing that the artifacts in the cache are terminal Pleistocene in age and probably Clovis in affiliation and that the cache has important implications for our understanding...

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5: The JS Cache: Clovis Provisioning the Southern Plains Late Pleistocene Landscape

Leland C. Bement

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pp. 61-78

...Artifacts clustered in tight association and found in isolation on the landscape are often identified as caches. Caches or caching behavior includes the intentional stashing of objects to be retrieved for use at some future time. As such, caching is an intentional act anticipated to be followed by the future...

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6: The Carlisle Clovis Cache from Central Iowa

Matthew G. Hill, Thomas J. Loebel, and David W. May

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pp. 79-106

...The peopling of the Americas marks the terminus of an epic dispersal of the genus Homo, commencing about 50,000 years ago as fully modern humans (H. sapiens) left Africa and culminating about 12,000 years ago with their appearance in South America. Documenting how these colonizers responded to various social...

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7: Determining a Cultural Affiliation for the CW Cache from Northeastern Colorado

Mark P. Muñiz

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pp. 107-132

...assemblages are recovered in regions where surface and near-surface deposits may contain significant antiquity, the assemblage may conceivably date to any one of a number of prehistoric cultures that span millennia. This situation describes the context from which the...

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8: But How Do We Know If It’s Clovis?: An Examination of Clovis Overshot Flaking of Bifaces and a North Dakota Cache

Bruce B. Huckell

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pp. 133-152

...that might lack natural sources or where future foraging activities drawing upon such caches were anticipated. In some cases, culturally diagnostic artifacts were included in the caches, making it possible to link a given cache to a particular culture-historic group and thus allowing insights into how that group organized...

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9: Putting the Specialization Back in Clovis: What Some Caches Reveal about Skill and the Organization of Production in the Terminal Pleistocene

Jon C. Lohse, C. Andrew Hemmings, Michael B. Collins, and David M. Yelacic

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pp. 153-176

...In support of this proposition, we present data from a portion of the Hogeye cache from Bastrop, Texas (Hemmings et al. 2006; Jennings 2013) and evaluate these data against detailed descriptions and measurements from two previously reported and well-illustrated caches, de Graffenried (Collins et al. 2007) and Fenn (Frison and Bradley 1999). Artifacts in many documented...

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10: Clovis Lithic Procurement, Caching, and Mobility in the Central Great Plains of North America

Steven R. Holen

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pp. 177-200

...the research question of Clovis lithic procurement, caching, and mobility (Figure 10.1). This type of research is possible because the region contains relatively wellknown lithic material sources that are macroscopically distinct and are separated by large areas with few or no lithic resources (Holen 1991, 2001a), which makes...

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11: Direction and Distance in Clovis Caching: The Movement of People and Lithic Raw Materials on the Clovis-Age Landscape

J. David Kilby

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pp. 201-216

...The relatively frequent caching of tools by Clovis people is becoming increasingly evident (as these chapters attest) and appears to set Clovis apart from subsequent Paleoindian groups in the North American Plains and western mountains. The initial discoveries of caches (Butler 1963; Butler and Fitzwater...

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12: Opportunities and Challenges in Working with Clovis Caches: Some Concluding Thoughts

J. David Kilby and Bruce B. Huckell

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pp. 217-224

...were reported in 1963 (Butler 1963; Green 1963), though neither was identified as a cache until somewhat later. Frison reported 5 Clovis caches in 1991 (Frison 1991a); by 1999, 9 assemblages had been confidently identified as Clovis caches (Collins 1999a:41–43); the number had increased to at least 16 by 2008 (Kilby 2008), and at...

References Cited

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pp. 225-246

Contributors

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pp. 247-248

Index

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pp. 249-254

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780826354839
E-ISBN-10: 0826354831
Print-ISBN-13: 9780826354822

Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 2014

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Subject Headings

  • Clovis points -- West (U.S.).
  • Clovis culture -- West (U.S.).
  • Paleo-Indians -- West (U.S.) -- Antiquities.
  • Tools, Prehistoric -- West (U.S.).
  • Antiquities, Prehistoric -- West (U.S.).
  • West (U.S.) -- Antiquities.
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