Correspondence Analysis and West Mexico Archaeology
Ceramics from the Long-Glassow Collection
Publication Year: 2013
Because the archaeology of West Mexico has received little attention from researchers, large segments of the region’s prehistoric ceramic sequences have long remained incomplete. This book goes far toward filling that gap by analyzing a collection of potsherds excavated in the 1960s and housed since then, though heretofore unanalyzed, at UCLA. The authors employ the rarely used statistical technique known as correspondence analysis to sequence the Long-Glassow collection of artifacts.
The book explains how correspondence analysis works and how it can be applied in archaeology. In addition to describing the archaeological sites in north central Jalisco where the collection comes from, the authors provide an ethnohistorical overview including information on the earliest Spanish explorers to reach the sites. They sequence more than seventy ceramic types and derive a master sequence from more than ten thousand potsherds. In addition to Mesoamerican archaeologists, the audience will also include other archaeologists concerned with ceramic analysis or the application of statistics to archaeology.
Published by: University of New Mexico Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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D.scep.scartm.scent of.sc Anth.scrop.scology.sc, U.scniversity.sc of.sc C.scalif.scornia, and their colleagues present in the following pages demonstrates how far ceramic analysis has progressed since my ef_forts in the mid-1960s to understand the ceramics from the site of Huistla. At that time, seriation analysis was just emerging as something more than a visual process of ...
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...vvvThe archaeology behind this book was a long process that involv- ed many individuals. I am indebted to the Cotsen Institute of Archaeol-ogy and the Fowler Museum for permission to study the Long-Glassow pottery. Those facilitating the project at UCLA included Marilyn Beaudry, Richard Leventhal, Wendy Teeter, Julia Sanchez, and Charles ...
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...vvvRelative to its vast territorial expanse and the complexity of the prehistoric cultures represented there, West Mexico is an area of North America that has received little attention from archaeologists. As a result, portions of the dif_ferent prehistoric ceramic sequences for the region remain incomplete (see Beekman 1996; Mountjoy 2000; Pollard ...
1: Archaeology and Ethnohistory of Etzatlán and Its Region
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...vvvObviously, Etzatl?n was not founded by the Spanish. The well-developed settlement, and settlement system, that the Europeans and their indigenous auxiliaries (Tlaxcaltecas, Aztecas, and Pur?pechas) encountered was already at least seven hundred years old and per-haps was founded even before the time of Christ. The huge building ...
2: Correspondence Analysis of Archaeological Abundance Matrices
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...vvvCorrespondence analysis (CA) is a technique used to analyze data matrices of nonnegative numbers. CA is related to principal component analysis (PCA) and multidimensional scaling (MDS), that is, it is a form of proximity analysis. CA is most frequently applied to rectangular tables of frequencies, also known as cross tables or contingency tables, ...
3: Ceramic Type Descriptions
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Here, we encountered thousands of sherds, all from relatively shal-low deposits. Preliminary observations showed, as far as we could tell, no tendency for dif_ferent ceramic forms to cluster either in lower or upper 20 cm levels or, for that matter, in dif_ferent localities of the area excavated. The purpose of the typology thus became the devising of ...
4: Ceramic Analysis
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By C. Roger Nance, Jan de Leeuw, Kathleen Prado, and David S. VerityvvvOur quest to determine the ceramic sequence for the Etzatl?n region began with research on the relatively large collection from the site of Las Cuevas. Here, Long and Glassow had excavated sixteen pits scattered over a relatively f_lat promontory of land that extended into ...
5: Chronological Considerations
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By C. Roger Nance, Jan de Leeuw, Kathleen Prado, and David S. VerityvvvAs indicated in chapter 4, the chronological position of each ceramic type can be estimated through the three-site correspondence analysis. We will deal here only with sherds from level/square samples that figured in that analysis and assign to each sherd a sample horizontal-...
6: Alternative Analyses
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By C. Roger Nance, Jan de Leeuw, Kathleen Prado, and David S. VerityvvvIn the previous chapter, we detailed type distributions through a proposed sequence based on a single analysis. At this point, we should address the following question: how would a dif_ferent analyses or the use of dif_ferent variables (types) af_fect the outcome? To what extent ...
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...through cross-site comparisons, which will involve comparing similar types of known age to their Etzatl?n counterparts. A second topic of this chapter has to do with the presence of colonial Spanish pottery in the sequence and the fact that most of the sites studied here were occu-pied at the time of the conquest. What does our ceramic data set have ...
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Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2013