Edmund G. Ross
Soldier, Senator, Abolitionist
Publication Year: 2013
Thanks to John F. Kennedy’s Profiles in Courage, most twenty-first-century Americans who remember Edmund G. Ross (1826–1907) know only that he cast an important vote as a U.S. senator from Kansas that prevented the conviction of President Andrew Johnson of “high crimes and misdemeanors,” allowing Johnson to stay in office. But Ross was also a significant abolitionist, journalist, Union officer, and, eventually, territorial governor of New Mexico. This first full-scale biography of Ross reveals his importance in the history of the United States.
Ross’s life reveals a great deal about who we were as Americans in the second half of the nineteenth century. He was involved in the abolitionist movement as both a journalist and a participant, as well as in the struggle to bring Kansas into the union as a free state. His career also involved him in the expansion of railroads west of the Mississippi, the Civil War, Reconstruction and the impeachment of Andrew Johnson, the Gilded Age with its greedy politicians and businessmen, and the expansion of the United States into the Southwest. In short, Ross’s career represents the changes that the whole country experienced in the course of his lifetime. Moreover, Ross was an interesting character, resolute and consistent in his beliefs, who often paid a price for his integrity.
Published by: University of New Mexico Press
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...| M.scy interest in E.scdmund G.sc. R.scoss began in part with John F. Kennedy’s Profiles in Courage. Even before knowing about the Ross chapter in Kennedy’s book, I was introduced to a collection of photographs of the Ross family kept in the photo archive at the Albuquerque Museum, where I volunteered af_ter retiring from a thirty-year career as a commercial photographer. I was ...
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...| T.sche years of researching.sc and writing this biography brought me in touch with many new friends and into a closer relationship with old friends. I will attempt to acknowledge the help I received from those who are so deserving of recognition and appreciation, and extend my sincere apologies As you might expect, my wife, Mary, is at the top of the list. Family ...
1: Young Man Working at the Case
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In 1846 I attended the public high school, working at the case in the Democratic Mirror printing of_f_ice, mornings and evenings, to pay my way.| J.scoshua G.scl.scov.scer was a runaway slave from Missouri who, in 1854, made his way north to Racine, Wisconsin, a community known for its size-able abolitionist population. He was able to secure employment at a mill ...
2: The Abolitionists: A Call to Action
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...to any power on earth . . . If we do not have to f_ight now we in all probability shall on or before the fourth of March, the time set for | L.scil.scl.scian R.scoss L.sceis, in recollections of her childhood, gives a glimpse into the life of her family in Milwaukee, no doubt with the help of stories passed on to her by her parents, aunts, uncles, and family friends. Although ...
3: Joining the Battle for a Free Kansas
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Most of us have come to this far-away land, with a mission in our hearts, a mission to the dark-browed race, and hoping here to stay the surging tide of slavery, to place the barrier which utters, in unmistakable language, “Thus far shalt thou go, and no farther.” This unlocks our hearts to each other, and at once we recognize a ...
4: Fighting Slavery with Words
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The destiny of the entire domain of the United States west of the Mississippi River hangs upon the decision of the question of slav-| W.schen J.scohn G.sceary arriv.sced in Kansas in September 1856 to take on the job of territorial governor, f_ighting between pro- and antislavery forces had reached its peak; he was determined that it must end. More than his ...
5: Ross, the Record, and the Railroads
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...point, would secure to Topeka this entire commerce suf_f_icient of itself to build up a city on these plains, surpassing in wealth and greatness the aggregate of all the towns and cities now in existence | T.sche return to T.scop.scek.sca in the fall of 1859 was a new beginning for the Edmund G. Ross family. For a time they lived in a rented house until Ross ...
6: The Civil War and the Kansas Volunteers
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I shall be glad indeed when it is over and we can all go home again. I do not think I shall occasion again to leave you or the little ones. My f_ireside has too many attractions to me to ever again leave it, except upon the most urgent necessity. This time I felt the necessity of the country demanded the sacrif_ice from every man that could ...
7: Major Ross: Return to Civilian Life
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The only hope of a thorough reconstruction of those states, is to couple amnesty with suf_frage—put the Negro in a political posi-tion, which he has merited by his loyalty and services, in which he | A.sct the end of the Civil War Edmund Ross had simple goals, the same goals he had before the war: to be with his family, to operate a print-...
8: Southern President, Radical Congress
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If we were wise and discreet, we should reanimate the [southern] | In 1896, when E.scdmund R.scoss was seventy years old, he wrote The History of the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, the f_irst book-length account of the impeachment trial of 1868, and the only one written by a participant in the trial. Ross introduces the account with known informa-...
9: A Surprising Death, an Unexpected Appointment
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...but I knew him to be an honest, straightforward soldier of ster-ling worth and unf_linching courage; and on that account he was appointed. I had seen him on the f_ield of battle amid shot and shell | J.scune and J.scul.scy 1866 were crucial months both in Washington and in Kansas. On June 13 the extraordinary Fourteenth Amendment to the ...
10: Reconstruction: The Lines Are Drawn
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...wrecks of their former selves, to walk the earth in sadness and sorrow all their af_ter lives. We remember that it was by this great af_f_liction that the country was saved—that they unf_linchingly stood in the breach between the Republic and her foes, and we will | T.sche p.scrob.scl.scems of R.sceconstruction were unprecedented in United ...
11: The 1867 Election: Pomeroy and Ross
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A condition of rottenness will be proven to the world to exist, and to have existed for years in this State, far beyond the apprehensions of large portions of our people, and fully equal to the most damag-| E.scdmund R.scoss’s ap.scp.scointment to the Senate by Governor Crawford af_ter the death of Senator Lane was of_f_icial but temporary. At the f_irst meet-...
12: Congress Declares War on the President
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...ment shall be guaranteed to all the States; that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, arrested without a judicial warrant, or punished without a fair trial | T.sche R.sceconstruction A.sccts were the most important measures enacted by Congress in 1867. Passed on March 2, March 23, and July 23, ...
13: The Impeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson
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...| A.scl.scthoug.sch the 1868 mov.sce to impeach Andrew Johnson became tied to Johnson’s def_iance of the Tenure of Of_f_ice Act, the impeachment always was more about politics than it was about a violation of law. It was inextrica-bly linked to the Reconstruction Acts and Johnson’s obstructionist policies.The f_irst ef_fort to impeach, in December 1867, had failed when the ...
14: Empty Accusations: Ross Fights Back
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If there be on this f_loor a Senator who had received or of_fered, or agreed to take a bribe of any nature whatever to convict or acquit the President, let him be proven guilty before a committee of his | E.scdmund R.scoss g.scav.sce a sp.sceech before the Senate on May 27, 1868, the day following the collapse of the impeachment trial; it was a speech that ...
15: The Last Two Years: A Working Senator
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The Constitution intentionally made the of_f_ice of the President one with great powers, and such is the perfect balance and blending of the functions of all the coordinated branches of the Government . . .| E.scdmund R.scoss continued to have dif_f_iculty with his fellow senators and fellow Kansans in the fall of 1868, but a strong, albeit smaller, base of ...
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Fannie Lathrop Ross, circa 1848, probably at the time of her marriage to Edmund G. Ross. Cobb Studio. Courtesy of the Albuquerque Museum of Art Edmund G. Ross, circa 1848, probably at the time of his marriage to University Libraries, University of New Mexico, 000–119–0241.President Andrew Johnson, circa 1865. Mathew Brady photo. Library of Congress, ...
16: The Campaign to Expose Pomeroy
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...measures, over which he has a power by virtue of the position the people in their trustfulness have given him, he is a blackmailer and | E.scdmund R.scoss arriv.sced in Washington for the third session of the Forty-f_irst Congress in December 1870, a little more than one month before the Kansas Legislature would meet to either return him to of_f_ice for another ...
17: Liberals Versus Radicals: Shifting Alignments
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The South is now solidly Democratic—lost entirely and forever to the Republican party because it did not use its power with sense | T.sche earl.scy 1870s were among the most dif_f_icult of years for Edmund Ross. Ross did not easily release the anger he felt from poor treatment by fel-low Kansans for his vote to acquit Andrew Johnson. His anger was under-...
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...and children of every station and degree of life as it is found in welcome to Governor Ross, and in the very spontaneity of the trib-ute to let him feel how general is the satisfaction felt by the people | W.schen E.scdmund R.scoss step.scp.sced of_f the train in Albuquerque in October 1882, he discovered an emerging town with buildings scattered about in vari-...
19: Understanding New Mexico
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Out of such consideration, I could have done no more than to have exiled myself to this kingdom, at the ends of the earth and remote | T.scwo centuries after the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, the land that Don Diego de Vargas reconquered could still be considered “remote.”1 But with the railroad reaching New Mexico in the f_irst few years of the 1880s, the ter-...
20: Governor Ross and the Court of Private Land Claims
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...these matters is a separate, independent judiciary, for the time being disconnected in every way from the current courts of justice, a tribunal that shall devote its entire time and ef_fort to this single purpose, and be in its fullest sense a court of equity, authorized and competent to take entire jurisdiction of all the complicated phases ...
21: The Santa Fe Ring and the Territorial Legislature
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The despotic rulers of Europe and Asia hate it [freedom of expres-sion] for it is their implacable enemy. The political schemer hates it, for it is sure to bring his schemes to light and him to disgrace. The criminal hates it, for it is worse than a sleuthhound upon his track. The ignorant hates it, for it shames his ignorance. All men ...
22: The Final Years
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...heartily, but as to the congratulatory speeches he comprehended little, for his own gratif_ication the turning point of the tide of pub-—Lillian Ross Leis, “Memoirs of Edmund G. Ross, Part Three”| In A.scug.scust 1889 an article appeared in the New York Times titled “Ross’s Varying Fortune.” It was well written, without a byline, seemingly by some-...
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Page Count: 352
Publication Year: 2013