Beyond the Eagle's Shadow
New Histories of Latin America's Cold War
Publication Year: 2013
The dominant tradition in writing about U.S.–Latin American relations during the Cold War views the United States as all-powerful. That perspective, represented in the metaphor “talons of the eagle,” continues to influence much scholarly work down to the present day. The goal of this collection of essays is not to write the United States out of the picture but to explore the ways Latin American governments, groups, companies, organizations, and individuals promoted their own interests and perspectives.
The book also challenges the tendency among scholars to see the Cold War as a simple clash of “left” and “right.” In various ways, several essays disassemble those categories and explore the complexities of the Cold War as it was experienced beneath the level of great-power relations.
Published by: University of New Mexico Press
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O.scne of.sc th.sce m.scos.sct ex.scciting f.sceatures.sc of.sc s.sctudying th.sce h.scis.sctory of.sc the Cold War is the abundant opportunity for collaboration. At some level, of course, collaborative work is imperative in order to understand the Cold War in all its complexity. T_he East-West conf_lict touched every part of the world, af_ter all, and af_fected all dimensions of human existence?not just ...
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I.sct all s.sctarted with.sc rebellious.sc teenagers.sc. O.scn January 7, 1nine.oldstyle6four.oldstyle, American students ran the U.S. f_lag up a f_lagpole on the grounds of Balboa High School, near the western end of the Panama Canal Zone. T_he gesture was intensely provocative. T_he question of where the U.S. and Panamanian f_lags could be f_lown in the canal zone had stirred controversy for several years, re-...
1: Coca-Cola, U.S. Diplomacy, and the Cold War in America’s Backyard
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Af.scter s.scecretly m.sceeting F.scidel C.scas.sctro, C.scoca-C.scola C.scEO.sc P.scaul Aus.sctin briefed President Jimmy Carter at the White House in March 1nine.oldstyle77.one.superior A friend and long-time supporter of Carter, Austin hoped the president would adopt policies that would allow his company to return to Cuba. His bid followed earlier company ef_forts to reenter the island af_ter Castro?s 1nine.oldstyle60 nationaliza-...
2: Military Factionalism and the Consolidation of Power in 1960s Guatemala
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T.sch.sce 1nine.oldstyle66 trans.scition of.sc th.sce Guatem.scalan p.scres.scidency f.scrom.sc th.sce right-wing military regime under Colonel Enrique Peralta Azurdia (1nine.oldstyle63?66) to the center-lef_t civilian Julio C?sar M?ndez Montenegro (1nine.oldstyle66?70) signaled a reduction of military power within the electoral process and the growing potential for reform. M?ndez?s victory in a relatively free and fair election ...
3: Season of Storms: The United States and the Caribbean Contest for a New Political Order, 1958–1961
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T.sch.scrough.scout m.scos.sct of.sc th.sce 1nine.oldstyle50s.sc, U.sc.S.sc. p.scolicym.scakers.sc enj.scoyed rela- tive success in insulating the Western Hemisphere from the ideological ten-sions of the Cold War, and U.S. allies in the region managed to maintain local politics within contours established decades earlier. Beginning in 1nine.oldstyle58, however, a new generation of Latin American leaders challenged this status ...
4: Counterrevolution in the Caribbean: The CIA and Cuban Commandos in the 1960s
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C.scuban v.sciewers.sc tuned in to an interes.scting p.scrogram.sc telev.scis.sced by the revolutionary government in February 1nine.oldstyle65. T_he show presented the interrogation of four counterrevolutionary inf_iltrators recently captured in the Sierra Cristal near Baracoa in Oriente Province. A man once prominent in the uprising against Fulgencio Batista and subsequently in the revolution-...
5: Don Lázaro Rises Again: Heated Rhetoric, Cold Warfare, and the 1961 Latin American Peace Conference
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General Laacute.scz.scaro C.scaacute.scrdenas.sc looked out ov.scer th.sce crowd of.sc 10,000 people gathered at Mexico City?s Arena de M?xico. T_he audience deliriously cheered his arrival; then, an eager silence fell as C?rdenas stepped to the mi-crophone. He cleared his throat and began reading the declarations of the Latin American Conference for National Sovereignty, Economic Eman- ...
6: From Ploughshares to Politics: Transformations in Rural Brazil during the Cold War and Its Aftermath
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I.scf.sc Braz.scil?s.sc m.scilitary gov.scernm.scent trum.scp.sceted national s.scecurity and economic development as antidotes to f_ight communism, the country-side was one of its battlegrounds. T_he coup of 1nine.oldstyle6four.oldstyle, fuelled by elite fears of peasant mobilization under the lef_tist presidency of Jo?o Goulart, unleashed brutal repression against rural labor activists and advocates of agrarian re-...
7: The Indian Wing: Nicaraguan Indians, Native American Activists, and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1979–1990
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...and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1nine.oldstyle7nine.oldstyle?1nine.oldstylenine.oldstyle0I.scn 1nine.oldstyle73, th.sce Am.scerican I.scndian Mov.scem.scent (AI.scM) with.scs.sctood a s.scev.scenty- one-day siege by the U.S. government at Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Carlos Fonesca, a cofounder of the Frente Sandinista de Liberaci?n Nacional (FSLN), sent a letter from Nicaragua in support of Russell Means and other ...
8: Doctors Within Borders: Cuban Medical Diplomacy to Sandinista Nicaragua, 1979–1990
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Cuban Medical Diplomacy to Sandinista Nicaragua, 1nine.oldstyle7nine.oldstyle?1nine.oldstylenine.oldstyle0I.scn 1nine.oldstyle7nine.oldstyle, wh.scen th.sce S.scandinis.scta N.scational Liberation F.scront (F.scS.scLN.sc) won its struggle to oust the Somoza dictatorship from Nicaragua, the victori-ous revolutionaries inherited a nation ravaged not only by war but also by decades of neglect. In addition to problems engendered by economic devasta-...
9: The Other Dirty War: Cleaning Up Buenos Aires during the Last Dictatorship, 1976–1983
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Many of.sc th.sce contributions.sc in th.scis.sc v.scolum.sce ap.scp.scroach.sc th.sce Latin American Cold War experience from the national or international perspec-tive. T_hey either follow the interactions of states or their representatives, or they examine decisions made at the national level. However, events taking place at those higher levels frequently f_iltered down to local stages. In this ...
10: “Restoring All Things in Christ”: Social Catholicism, Urban Workers, and the Cold War in Guatemala
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O.scn May 15, 1nine.oldstyle62, Jos.sceacute.sc Aacute.scngel Berreondo f.scell v.scictim.sc to an as.scs.scas.sc- sin?s bullet in downtown Guatemala City. Berreondo, an overlooked Catholic activist of the 1nine.oldstyle50s, had come of age religiously and socially within the ranks of the Juventud Obrera Cat?lica (Young Christian Workers, JOC). His assassination, reportedly at the hands of the much-feared state secret police, ...
11: The Evolution of “Narcoterrorism”: From the Cold War to the War on Drugs
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I.scn N.scov.scem.scber 1nine.oldstyle85, M-1nine.oldstyle (Mov.scim.sciento 1nine.oldstyle de Abril) guerrillas.sc in- f_iltrated the Colombian Palace of Justice, taking the entire Colombian Su- preme Court hostage and destroying thousands of documents, among which were numerous U.S. extradition requests for major narcotics traf_f_ickers. A little over twenty-four hours later, Colombian troops stormed the building, ...
Afterword: The Paradox of Latin American Cold War Studies
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As.sc I.sc read th.scis.sc enorm.scous.scly ins.sctructiv.sce v.scolum.sce, I.sc kep.sct as.scking myself what I could possibly add to it of value. T_he chapters, written largely by graduate students, evince impressive international research and the high-est academic rigor. Contributors have mined all the relevant secondary litera-ture, have traveled to various U.S. and Latin American archives, and have ...
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Page Count: 368
Publication Year: 2013