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The Allen Site

A Paleoindian Camp in Southwestern Nebraska

Edited by Douglas B. Bamforth

Publication Year: 2007

Recent research on the intriguing Allen Site in southwestern Nebraska and the nearby Medicine Creek sites has revealed a wealth of new information on the land and animal use of the early inhabitants.

Published by: University of New Mexico Press

Cover Stamp

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pp. 1-3

Title Page

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p. 4-4

Copyright

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p. 5-5

Table of Contents

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pp. 6-15

Acknowledgments

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pp. 16-17

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Ch 1: Introduction

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pp. 18-25

Letourneau’s [2000] discussion of “Frank’s biface” from ...

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Ch 2: Previous Paleoindian Research at Medicine Creek

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pp. 26-33

Pr e v i o u s Pa L e o i n d i a n re s e a r C h a t me d i C i n e Cr e e k...

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Ch 3: Landforms, All uvial Stratigraphy, and Radiocarbon Chronologyat Selected Paleoindian Sites around Medicine Creek Reservoir

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pp. 34-63

La n d f o r m s , aL L u v i a L st r a t i g r a P h y , a n d ra d i o C a r b o n Ch r o n o L o g ya t se L e C t e d Pa L e o i n d i a n si t e s a r o u n d me d i C i n e Cr e e k re s e r v o i rMap of sites around Medicine Creek reservoir referred to in the Creek Valley in the vicinity of Medicine Creek reservoir. Medicine Creek cutbank locality that exposes Terrace 2 fill is shown in upper ...

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Ch 4: Cultural and Paleoenvironmental Impl ications ofFreshwater Mussels from the All en Site

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pp. 64-85

Cu L t u r a L a n d Pa L e o e n v i r o n m e n t a L im P L i C a t i o n s o ffr e s h w a t e r mu s s e L s f r o m t h e aL L e n si t eCultural and Paleoenvironmental Implications of Freshwater Mussels / 49Table 4.1: Species Composition of Freshwater Mussels from the Allen SiteTotal one.oldstyleseven.oldstyle eight.oldstyle 25 one.oldstyle00.00...

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Ch5: Growth Increment Analysis of Freshwater Mussel Shellfrom the All en Site

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pp. 86-93

...gr o w t h in C r e m e n t an a L y s i s o f fr e s h w a t e r mu s s e L sh e L Lrests dividing annual increments are the dark lines curving from upper lef_t to lower right. Measurement is from the anterior (lef_t) edge of each line to the interior edge of the next line in an anterior Margaritifera falcata. Single points and error bars denote control ...

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Ch 6: Paleoenvironmental Interpretations of the Late Pleistocene and EarlyHolocene in Southwestern Nebraska

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pp. 94-113

Pa L e o e n v i r o n m e n t a L in t e r P r e t a t i o n s o f t h e La t e PL e i s t o C e n e a n d ea r L y Paleoenvironmental Interpretations of the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene / 79Paleoenvironmental Interpretations of the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene / 81Table six.taboldstyle.1: Provenience of Pollen Samples from Lime Creek and Harry Strunk Reservoir2 17.1–17.2 Sedimentary Unit 15 (Bottom), 13,720±530 200/199...

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Ch 7: Early Holocene Vegetation of the Central Great PlainsBased on Paleobotanical and Paleoethnobotanical Remainsfrom the Medicine Creek Area

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pp. 114-125

Paleoenvironmental Interpretations of the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene / 97ea r L y ho L o C e n e ve g e t a t i o n o f t h e Ce n t r a L gr e a t PL a i n sba s e d o n Pa L e o b o t a n i C a L a n d Pa L e o e t h n o b o t a n i C a L re m a i n sidentification at the “cf ” (“compares favorably”) level. Table seven.taboldstyle.1: Charcoal Identif_ications by Stratigraphic ...

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Ch 8: Archaeology of the All en Site

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pp. 126-139

Excavated area at the Allen site, showing the extent of excavation The one.oldstylenine.oldstylefour.oldstyleseven.oldstyle ExcavationsExcavations at the Allen site in 1948, view to the south. (Courtesy of the Bureau of Reclamation.)The one.oldstylenine.oldstylefour.oldstyleeight.oldstyle ExcavationsExcavations at the Allen site in 1948, view to the north. Note pilasters holding grid stakes and work on Profile B in upper portion of ...

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Ch 9: Spatial Structure and Refitting of the All en Site Lithic Assemblage

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pp. 140-163

...sP a t i a L st r u C t u r e a n d re f i t t i n g o f t h e aL L e n si t e Li t h i C as s e m b L a g eSpatial Structure and Refitting of the Allen Site Lithic Assemblage / 125Spatial Structure and Refitting of the Allen Site Lithic Assemblage / 127artifacts were recovered by stratigraphic unit (data from Table 9.1).Table 9.2: Ref_its among Stratigraphic Levels for Artifacts with Specif_ic Vertical Provenience...

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Ch 10: The All en Site Lithic Assemblage

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pp. 164-199

Spatial Structure and Refitting of the Allen Site Lithic Assemblage / 147Table 1zero.taboldstyle.1: Frequencies of Worked Stone by Type and Stratigraphic Level % 1.2 23.8 21.4 1.2 3.6 2.4 6.0 11.9 21.4 1.2 2.4 1.2 1.2 2.4 Note: Type codes—1: Stage 1 biface, 2: Stage 2 biface, 3: Stage 3 biface, 4: Stage 4 biface, 5: projectile point preform, 6: finished projectile point, 7: beveled tool, 8: core, 9: edge-modified f_lake, 10: perforator, 11: other tool, 12: chunk, 13: indeterminate, 14:...

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Ch 11: Other Archaeological Evidence

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pp. 200-209

...9232-48 Below Occupation Level (OL) 1 Unknown cobble fragment, possibly battered9474-48/9587-48 (refitted) OL 1 Surface Unknown cobble, complete924-47 Unknown Sandstone fragment with two grinding surfaces, one pecked1213-47 Unknown Flake struck from groundstone surface, possibly to roughen9233-48 Occupation Level (OL) 1 Surface Sandstone handstone fragment, grinding surface heavily pecked...

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Ch 12: Faunal Evidence for Subsistence andSettlement Patterns at the All en Site

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pp. 210-243

...se t t L e m e n t Pa t t e r n s a t t h e aL L e n si t eTable 12.1: Vertebrate Fauna from the Allen Site, Number of Identif_ied SpecimensCommon Name Taxon Occupation Intermediate Occupation Unspecified TotalLarge mammal, undifferentiated Mammalia 1,924 473 180 1,078 3,655Subtotal, large mammals 2,nine.oldstyleone.oldstyleone.oldstyle seven.oldstyleone.oldstylesix.oldstyle 25six.oldstyle one.oldstyle,5one.oldstyleone.oldstyle 5,three.oldstylenine.oldstylefour.oldstyle...

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Ch 13: Synthesis

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pp. 244-261

Table 13.1: Frequencies of Artifacts (other than Flaked-Stone Tools and Debris),Table 13.2: Measures of Assemblage and Feature Change, Based on Counts in Tables 1zero.taboldstyle.1six.taboldstyle and 13.1Table 13.3: Deposition Rates (Minimum Number of Individuals per Century)for Five Species of Mammals Eaten at the Allen Site and Ratios of Bison:Deer and Pronghorn,Large Mammals:Small Mammals, and Upland Species:Riparian Species...

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Ch 14: Beyond Medicine Creek

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pp. 262-275

Table 14.1: Comparison of Densities of Archaeological Material at the Allen and Lindenmeier SitesNote: Allen Site data from this volume; Lindenmeier data (except for the number of finished projectile points) are approximations from Wilmsen and Roberts (1984:16). Lindenmeier total of finished projectile points is from Wilmsen and Roberts (1984:102).a Wilmsen and Roberts (1984:16) suggest a total excavated area of 18,000 f_t2 but point out that f_lakes were not saved in 1934 and 1935. This area reduces the total area to account for excavations in these years....

References Cited

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pp. 276-295

Contributors

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pp. 296-297

Index

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pp. 298-301


E-ISBN-13: 9780826342973
E-ISBN-10: 0826342973
Print-ISBN-13: 9780826342959
Print-ISBN-10: 0826342957

Page Count: 300
Illustrations: 20 halftones, 83 illustrations, 5 maps
Publication Year: 2007

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Paleo-Indians -- Nebraska -- Medicine Creek Valley.
  • Paleoethnobotany -- Nebraska -- Medicine Creek Valley.
  • Paleoecology -- Nebraska -- Medicine Creek Valley.
  • Excavations (Archaeology) -- Nebraska -- Medicine Creek Valley.
  • Medicine Creek Valley (Neb.) -- Antiquities.
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