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Public Education in New Mexico

John B. Mondragón, Ernest S. Stapleton

Publication Year: 2005

This examination of key issues in New Mexico public education emphasizes policies and trends that will remain dominant in shaping schools and curricula in the state. Educational reform is a constant in New Mexico, as is the influence of politics since nearly one-half of the state's budget goes to education. But several other significant themes emerge. The vignettes included throughout the text are included to offer human interest touches to our New Mexico story.

Published by: University of New Mexico Press

Front Cover

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Title Page

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pp. iii-

Copyright

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pp. iv-

Contents

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pp. vii-

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Acknowledgments

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pp. viii-ix

This book has been made possible by the assistance, guidance, and inspiration of many colleagues, past and present, as well as friends and members of our families. They have been, in fact, a kind of exalted jury for us. We acknowledge the dean...

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xiv

Public Education in New Mexico is about the history, operations,and issues of the public schools in New Mexico. In it we explore information, significant data, ideas, events, historical antecedents,critical policies and practices, governance and legislation, and experience in the field of education in New Mexico is shared...

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1: The Roots of Public Education in New Mexico

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pp. 1-27

The history of public education in New Mexico took several paths in its journey to the twenty-first century. Historical antecedents of the state’s educational system can be traced to the sixteenth century as Native American...

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2: Governance of Public Education in New Mexico

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pp. 28-58

There have been many changes in the roles of each of the governing elements of public education in New Mexico, but since the system was formalized in 1891, the intent has been, directly or indirectly, designed to provide a system that includes checks and balances and broad involvement and representation from the citizens of the state...

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3: Indian Education in New Mexico

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pp. 59-82

Public education for all K–12 students in New Mexico is the responsibility of the state. This responsibility is mandated by the state constitution and by other statutes and includes the education of Native American students. The United States government shares responsibility for the education of these students based upon...

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4: Education as a Profession

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pp. 83-108

When asked about someone who impacted our lives, who inspired, encouraged, and worked with us, most people will immediately mention a parent and a teacher. The teacher who modeled care and commitment is recalled when there is talk...

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5: Curriculum

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pp. 109-131

A brief, not literal, translation: De Thoma captures the genius and the practicality of the earliest curriculum developed by the Franciscan fathers. Catholic doctrine may have been the guiding tenet; but Native American children were actually taught the practical arts of sheepherding, the cultivation of grapes, and the...

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6: Financing Schools in New Mexico

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pp. 132-155

Financing of schools is basic to the process of education; without money, there will be no public schools. The commitment of the state of New Mexico to its youth and to its future is reflected in the financing of its schools and is a direct factor in the economic...

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7: School Improvements and Educational Reform

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pp. 156-186

The history of the New Mexico education system reflects changes not always known as educational reform. Some of these changes have been based on need, while some have been created by the political climate. Other changes have been the result of demands...

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8: The Public Education and Higher Education Connection

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pp. 187-207

The public school system in New Mexico consists of K–12 public education and higher education—education beyond high school. Public higher education institutions in New Mexico include six four-year universities and nineteen two-year colleges (includes branch and independent community colleges). Recently, there has been discussion of...

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9: Future Trends

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pp. 208-217

Almost forty years ago, Dr. Tom Wiley closed his book, Public School Education in New Mexico, by stating some of the trends he foresaw for education. Dr. Wiley predicted that “humanitarian” proposals would be given strong support in relationship to that given to the “prudential” (financial responsibility, care in...

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Epilogue

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pp. 218-220

We close this book with a brief review and a personal message. It has been our goal to share the remarkable cultures, personalities, events, and landscapes influencing the history of education in the state of New Mexico and the vision of free public education for all students....

APPENDIX 1: New Mexico State Constitution (Educational Controls Summary)

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pp. 221-222

APPENDIX 2: New Mexico Superintendents of Public Instruction, 1891 to 2004

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pp. 223-224

APPENDIX 3: The American Association of School Administrators (AASA): List of Responsibilities, School District Superintendent

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pp. 225-226

APPENDIX 4: Funding Formula

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pp. 227-

APPENDIX 5: State Department of Education Public School Reform Act of 1986, Legislative Changes Summary—Effective Dates

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pp. 228-230

APPENDIX 6: Higher Education Institutions in New Mexico

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pp. 231-232

References and Related Sources

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pp. 233-243

Index

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pp. 244-254

About the Authors

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pp. 255-256

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780826336569
E-ISBN-10: 0826336566
Print-ISBN-13: 9780826336552
Print-ISBN-10: 0826336558

Page Count: 270
Illustrations: 3 maps
Publication Year: 2005