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The Scriptures of Won Buddhism

Bongkil Chung

Publication Year: 2003

Won Buddhism, one of the major religions of modern Korea, was established in 1916 by Pak Chung-bin (1891–1943), later known as Sot’aesan. In 1943 Sot’aesan published a collection of Buddhist writings, the Correct Canon of Buddhism (Pulgyo chongjon), which included the doctrine of his new order. Four years later, the second patriarch, Chongsan (1900–1962), had the order compile a new canon, which was published in 1962. This work, translated here as The Scriptures of Won Buddhism (Wonbulgyo kyojon), consists of the Canon (a redaction of the first part of the Pulgyo chongjon) and the analects and chronicle of the founder known as the Scripture of Sot’aesan. The present translation incorporates critical tenets from the 1943 Canon that were altered in the redaction process and offers persuasive arguments for their re-inclusion.

Published by: University of Hawai'i Press

Title page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Foreword

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pp. xi-

Wo˘nbulgyo—‘‘Consummate,’’ or ‘‘Circle,’’ Buddhism—is a Korean new religion formed in the early twentieth century that purportedly derives from the unique enlightenment experience of its founder, Sot’aesan (1891–1943). After his enlightenment, Sot’aesan researched different religious systems to guide him in framing...

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Preface

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pp. xiii-xvi

This book is a study of a new form of Buddhism, Won Buddhism (K. Wo˘nbulgyo), that started in Korea upon the spiritual awakening of a young man in 1916 and is now deeply entrenched in Korean society. Its founder predicted that Won Buddhism would be a major...

Abbreviations and Conventions

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pp. xvii-

Study

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pp. 1-

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Introduction: The Foundation and Doctrine of Won Buddhism

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pp. 3-113

Won Buddhism is one of the major religions of modern Korea and has been preparing itself to grow to be a world religion ever since it was founded upon the spiritual awakening in 1916 of a young Korean man, Pak Chung-bin (1891–1943), better known in the West as Sot’aesan...

Translation The Canon

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pp. 114-

Mottoes

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pp. 114-

Doctrinal Chart

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pp. 116-

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Part One General Introduction

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pp. 117-119

As a result of scientific advancement, the ability of the human spirit to make use of material things has gradually weakened while the power of the material things that human beings make use of has daily grown stronger, conquering the weakened spirit of humankind and thereby...

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Part Two Doctrine

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pp. 120-138

Irwon9 is the noumenal nature10 of all beings in the universe, the original nature11 of all buddhas and patriarchs, and the Buddha-nature12 of all sentient beings.It is the realm where there is no differentiation of noumenon from phenomenon or being from nonbeing, the realm where there is no change of arising and ceasing or going and coming...

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Part Three Practice

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pp. 139-166

The mind-ground40 is originally devoid of disturbances, but they arise in response to the mental spheres;41 hence, let us maintain the concentration (samadhi) of the self-nature by keeping disturbances from arising...

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Translation The Scripture of Sot’aesan

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pp. 167-352

Upon his great enlightenment on the twenty-eighth day of April, in the first year of Won Buddhism (A.D. 1916), the Master said, ‘‘All things in the universe are of unitary noumenal nature and all dharmas are of unitary source, amongst which the way of neither arising nor ceasing and the principle of cause-effect response,...

Appendix I Translator’s Notes on Restoration of the Text

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pp. 353-356

Appendix II Individuals in The Scripture of Sot’aesan

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pp. 357-364

Chinese Character Glossary

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pp. 365-368

Glossary of Terms

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pp. 369-376

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 377-394

Index

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pp. 395-413


E-ISBN-13: 9780824865016
Print-ISBN-13: 9780824821852

Publication Year: 2003