The Politics of Cultural Capital
China's Quest for a Nobel Prize in Literature
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: University of Hawai'i Press
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On 12 October 2000, when Gao Xingjian (1940 – ), a Chinese-born novelist and playwright then living in France, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, China’s century-long quest for Nobel glory finally came to an end.1 Chinese intellectuals and politicians had worried for decades over when a Nobel Literature Prize would come to China, but the lack of a Chinese laureate was now, it seemed, resolved and the mystique of the prize dispelled. ...
Chapter One: Introduction: Diagnosing the Complex
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The question of why China — a country, so it is often claimed, with five thousand years of culture and a language spoken by one fifth of the world’s population — had failed for almost a century to win a Nobel Prize began to be raised with increasing urgency during the 1980s, following the Mainland’s reentry into the international political, economic, and cultural realm. ...
Chapter Two: The Nobel Prize for Literature: Philosophy and Practice
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First awarded in 1901 in accordance with Alfred Nobel’s testament, the Nobel Prizes have since come to embody the complex of contradictions that inhere in the modern idea of global culture. Founded to honor benevolent contributions to mankind, the prizes were established and financed by profits from the dynamite industry. ...
Chapter Three: Ideas of Authorship and the Nobel Prize in China, 1900–1976
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The history of the Nobel Prize for Literature coincides with a tumultuous and formative period in the development of modern Chinese writing and culture: the collapse of the sinocentric Confucian worldview, the clash with Western modernity and the emergence of the modern concept of authorship. ...
Chapter Four: China’s Search for a Nobel Prize in Literature, 1979–2000
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China’s Nobel Complex owes its genesis to the collapse of the Maoist model of internationalism at the end of the 1970s and the re-establishment of the Western-oriented vision of international modernity that had flourished in the first half of the twentieth century. The Chinese search for a Nobel gathered so much momentum in the post-Mao era largely because it centered...
Chapter Five: The Nobel Prize, 2000
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Unsurprisingly, given its history, the Swedish Academy’s response to the Chinese Nobel Complex on 12 October 2000 left few parties satisfied. While Mainland writers kept their own counsel for the first thirty-six hours, the Taiwanese expressed delight; Chinese Internet users throughout the world veered between surprised pleasure at a Chinese Nobel winner, and bemused resentment at the unfamiliarity of Gao’s name. ...
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The roots of China’s Nobel Complex lie in the key intellectual question of Chinese modernity: how to respond to a historical situation that at once requires national and transnational consciousness. Modern intellectuals, and writers in particular, took on a heavy ideological and artistic burden at the start of the twentieth century as they worried about the fate...
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Glossary of Chinese Terms
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Publication Year: 2006