The Perils of Protest
State Repression and Student Activism in China and Taiwan
Publication Year: 2001
Published by: University of Hawai'i Press
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I am grateful to many people and institutions for their support of this project. My research could not have been conducted without the funding of the Jacob K. Javits Fellowship, the Simpson Fellowship, University of California, Berkeley’s Vice Chancellor’s for Research Fund, and a summer stipend from California State University, Long Beach. In addition, the Department of...
Chapter 1. Introduction
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For three long months in the spring of 1989, the unfolding Democracy Movement in mainland China entranced the world. When former Party General Secretary Hu Yaobang died on April 15, students and citizens poured into the streets in mourning, soon transformed into more organized calls for an end to party corruption and increased political and economic...
Chapter 2. The Political Environment of Students in China and Taiwan
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The outcomes of China’s Democracy Movement of 1989 and Taiwan’s Month of March movement of 1990 could hardly have been more different. In China, the student protests were brutally crushed, initiating a period of harsh repression toward any and all attempts at autonomous or dissident organization. Across the straits, in contrast, student demonstrators met with...
Chapter 3. Student Mobilization and Organization in China, April 15–May 10, 1989
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Studies of the Democracy Movement of 1989 in China generally agree on the basic behavior of the student protestors: they insisted on a separation of students and nonstudents; their demands and actions were loyal and reformist in nature; and their organizations were marked by continual divisions and changes. To explain the students’ exclusion of nonstudents from...
Chapter 4. Student Mobilization and Organization in China, May 11– June 4, 1989
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Initiated on May 14, the hunger strike pushed the movement to a new level of intensity and conflict. First, the locus of the movement shifted to Tiananmen Square. Previously, the students had engaged only in marches to the Square, holding brief sit-ins or rallies. Now the movement became fixed (dingdiande), with virtually all student organizations and activities focused...
Chapter 5. Student Mobilization and Organization in Taiwan, March 1990
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During the Month of March movement in Taiwan, students behaved in much the same way as they had in mainland China. In both cases, students relied on peaceful methods of protest, occupied the central square in the capital, and petitioned the government for political reform. More important, students in both movements displayed a great concern with maintaining...
Chapter 6. Conclusion
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The findings of the preceding chapters shed new light on the process and outcome of the student movement of 1989 in Beijing. Overall, although cultural and historical traditions as well as idiosyncratic personality traits certainly shaped student behavior, it was the state that exerted the most profound influence on their strategies and actions. Specifically, the fear and...
Appendix A. Autonomous Student Organizations in Beijing, Spring 1989
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Appendix B. “Letter to All University Students”
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Appendix C. Autonomous Student Organizations in Taipei, Spring 1990
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Publication Year: 2001