Sailors and Traders
A Maritime History of the Pacific Peoples
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: University of Hawai'i Press
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I was fortunate in being a research scholar at the Australian National University, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, in the halcyon days of the 1960s. It was highly stimulating intellectually and socially to be alongside so many of the greats in Pacific Studies, including Harold Brookfield, Jim Davidson, Jack Golson, Harry Maude, Oskar Spate, and ...
Nautical Glossary and Abbreviations
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Introduction: A Seafaring Perspective
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Writing in the American Historical Review>1 When we consider the millennia of exploration and settlement of the islands of the Pacific, and the continuum of ...
Chapter One Sailors, Myths, and Traditions
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The Pacific sailor who is waiting for a jumbo jet at Nadi International Airport in Fiji has been in transit for almost three days. He has travelled by local boat from his home island of Nanouti in Kiribati to Tarawa, the principal island of Kiribati, and from there by small plane to Fiji. He is bound for Townsville, Australia, via another flight from Sydney to ...
Chapter Two The First Pacific Seafarers
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The peoples of the Pacific have a history of early long-distance seafaring unequaled anywhere in the world. As far as can be determined, their ancient ancestors were the first ever to make use of the open sea for largescale migrations. Sometime before 40,000 BC they entered the western region of the Pacific from Southeast ...
Chapter Three Settlements, Territories, and Trade
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Once ships, people, animals, plants, and seed crops were brought to the beach of an unoccupied island, the accounts by explorers of bountiful resources would be tested. There would be plentiful water supplies on high islands, but low islands lacked surface water. On some islands there would probably be coastal coconut trees, the seed nuts having been ...
Chapter Four The Arrival of Foreign Ships
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Until the voyages of Byron, Wallis, Carteret, and Bougainville, all in the years 1764–1769, and under Cook between 1768 and 1779, the arrivals of foreign ships at Pacific islands were few and sporadic. Some voyagers merely sighted islands, but when landings did occur, they were of short ...
Chapter Five Pacific Commercial Shipowners
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The government-sponsored voyages to the Pacific in the eighteenth century were motivated by European rivalry, scientific inquiry, and public appetite for the exotic. The expeditions were conducted by naval vessels whose commanders were given specific instructions on behavior toward native peoples and were required to report on the resource potential of ...
Chapter Six Under Foreign Sail
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The aphorism of Samuel Johnson reflected perceptions shared by people in Britain and America of life at sea in the late 1770s. Even in the reforming “rights of man” postcolonial United States, a new federal law of 1790 sanctioned the arrest of merchant seamen who deserted, and a law of 1835 still in effect conceded “beating, wounding, ...
Chapter Seven Dangers, Mutinies, and the Law
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Pacific seafarers, in common with all mariners, faced dangers at sea. Many ships were lost with all hands in bad weather and on reefs. Sailors were also drowned when washed overboard, were killed by falls from rigging and other occupational accidents, and were exposed to violence and ...
Chapter Eight Companies, Colonies, and Crewing
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The commerce, technology, and imperial politics of the mid-nineteenth century transformed seafaring generally and had major repercussions for the sailors of the Pacific. The period was one of increasing industrialization of merchant shipping in Europe and America. In contrast to the near merchant adventuring voyages of past centuries, ships now ...
Chapter Nine Island Protests and Enterprises
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The First World War saw the removal of German colonial power. The Japanese, under a League of Nations mandate, eventually occupied all the islands of Micronesia except Guam (US) and the Gilberts (Britain). Britain acquired responsibility for Nauru, Australia took over German territory in New Guinea, and New Zealand acquired Western Samoa. The opening ...
Chapter Ten Contemporary Local and Regional Shipping
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This chapter provides an account of local and regional shipping from the 1960s onward. Many political, technological, and significant social changes in the maritime sector of the islands have taken place within this period. The first part of the chapter deals with local shipping, which is the lifeblood of islands where some communities have depended ...
Chapter Eleven The Global Pacific Seafarer
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The economic crisis after 1973 brought a fall in ocean freight rates and fierce competition within an overtonnaged world merchant fleet. This was followed by increased shifts in the recruitment of seafarers from western Europe and North America to the lower-labor-cost countries of Asia ...
Epilogue: Some Contemporary Resonances
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The dependence of the Pacific Islands on sea trade has continuously increased over time, and multiplicities of social and economic activities are related to the cargoes and the people flowing through island ports. The sailors who are engaged in regional and international shipping are now less visible, as the old “sailor town” enclaves have given way to ...
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Publication Year: 2009