We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

Hawai‘i Place Names

Shores, Beaches, and Surf Sites

John R. K. Clark

Publication Year: 2002

In his latest book, John Clark, author of the highly regarded "Beaches of Hawaii" series, gives us the many captivating stories behind the hundreds of Hawaii place names associated with the ocean--the names of shores, beaches, and other sites where people fish, swim, dive, surf, and paddle. Significant features and landmarks on or near shores, such as fishponds, monuments, shrines, reefs, and small islands, are also included. The names of surfing sites are the most numerous and among the most colorful: from the purely descriptive (Black Rock, Blue Hole) to the humorous (No Can Tell, Pray for Sex). Clark began gathering information for the "Beaches" series in 1972, and during the years that followed interviewed hundreds of informants, many of them native Hawaiians, and consulted dozens of Hawaiian reference books, newspapers, and maps. A significant amount of the oral history he collected was unrecorded and remained only in his notebooks and memory. Hawaii Place Names: Shores, Beaches, and Surf Sites is the final result of those years of research, and like its popular predecessors, it benefits substantially from Clark's having spent a lifetime surfing and swimming Hawaii's beaches.

Published by: University of Hawai'i Press

Front Matter

pdf iconDownload PDF (192.4 KB)


pdf iconDownload PDF (30.5 KB)
pp. vii

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (48.3 KB)
pp. ix-xiii

In 1966 the University of Hawai‘i Press published the first edition of Place Names of Hawai‘i. Written by Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel H. Elbert, it contained 1,125 entries, all of which were place names in the Hawaiian language. In 1974 the press published the second edition by Pukui, Elbert, and Esther T. Mo‘okini. It ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (71.0 KB)
pp. xv-xxi

From 1972 to 2001, I interviewed over nine hundred people as I gathered information about Hawai‘i’s shores, beaches, and surf sites. All of them graciously shared the stories of their places with me and made this book possible. Everyone whose name I was able to record is listed below, a small token of my appreciation. ...


pdf iconDownload PDF (14.0 KB)
pp. 1-2

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (165.5 KB)
pp. 3-20

AA Buoy. Fish aggregating device, Port Allen, Kaua‘i. Buoy anchored at approximately 960 fathoms. Landmarks: Kokole Point, Hanapēpē Buoy Light, and Makahū‘ena Point Light. ‘A‘alaloloa. Sea cliffs, Pāpalaua, Maui. The cliffs are named in the September 5, 1863, edition of the Hawaiian language newspaper ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (145.6 KB)
pp. 21-36

Baboon Point. Sea cliff, Hawai‘i Kai, O‘ahu. The outline of the sea cliff at Pai‘olu‘olu Point on the west side of Hanauma Bay resembles the face of a baboon from the lookout above the beach, especially the pointed nose. It is also known as Baboon Face and Baboon Nose. ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (168.3 KB)
pp. 37-56

Cabins. Surf site, Kalaeloa, O‘ahu. Off the officers’ cabins at the west end of White Plains Beach. Cable Channel. Dive site, Hanauma Bay, O‘ahu. Channel cut through the reef to house a submarine communications cable for Hawaiian Telephone. ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (110.7 KB)
pp. 57-64

Dairymens. Surf site, Kawailoa, O‘ahu. In 1897, several dairy farms on O‘ahu formed Dairymen’s Association, Ltd., a cooperative to sell their milk. In 1957, the dairy farm moved from east Honolulu to Kawailoa on the North Shore, where it was located across Kamehameha Highway from Kawailoa Beach. ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (83.0 KB)
pp. 90-93

Eagle’s Rock Point. Surf site, Pâpalaua, Maui. Off the small parking lot at the west end of Pâpalaua State Wayside Park. The silhouette of a rock formation on the mountain inland of the site resembles an eagle. Earl’s Reef. Surf site, Sunset Beach, O‘ahu. Nearshore site on the ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (129.4 KB)
pp. 94-103

Fagans Beach. Pōhaku Pili, Moloka‘i. Small calcareous sand pocket beach at the head of a small bay. A narrow, sand-bottomed channel runs through the bay and terminates at the beach. Paul Fagan, a wealthy businessman from California, purchased Hālawa Valley and Pu‘u o Hoku Ranch during the ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (93.3 KB)
pp. 79-84

Garden Eel Cove. Dive site, Keāhole, Hawai‘i. In Ho‘ona Bay, a small bay on the north side of Keâhole Point that is known for its garden eels and manta rays. Also known as Ho‘ona. Gas Chambers. 1. Surf site, Hawai‘i Kai, O‘ahu. At the west end of Sandy Beach. 2. Surf site, Sunset Beach, O‘ahu. On the west ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (243.3 KB)
pp. 85-118

Ha‘aheo o Hawai‘i. Shipwreck, Hanalei, Kaua‘i. The Ha‘aheo o Hawai‘i was the Hawaiian monarchy’s first royal yacht, an 83-foot vessel purchased in 1820 for $90,000 by King Kamehameha II. She went aground and sank on Wai‘oli Reef at the hands of an irresponsible crew. The ship was located in 1995 ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (97.7 KB)
pp. 119-124

I Buoy. Fish aggregating device, Hālona, Kaho‘olawe. Buoy anchored at approximately 500 fathoms. Landmarks: Kākā Point, Waikahalulu Bay Light, Molokini. Icebox. 1. Dive site, Po‘ipû, Kaua‘i. 2. Dive site, springs, Pā‘ia, Maui. On the north side of Pā‘ia Bay. Although electric refrigerators have been in Hawai‘i for many years, the term icebox ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (94.4 KB)
pp. 125-130

Jackie’s Mountain. Dive site, Hawai‘i Kai, O‘ahu. Off Palea Point at Hanauma Bay. A rock shaped like a mountain that begins at 90 feet and rises to 15 feet below the surface. It was named for Jackie James, who opened Aloha Dive Shop in Hawai‘i Kai in 1970. Born in Georgia, James came to Hawai‘i in 1968 when ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (439.9 KB)
pp. 131-204

Ka‘â. Fishpond, Keōmuku, Lāna‘i. One of two precontact fishponds on the shore of the former Keōmuku village. Lit., the [a‘ā] lava, or the fiery burning one. Ka‘a‘awa. 1. Beach park (2 acres), Ka‘a‘awa, O‘ahu. Julie Judd Swanzy donated the land for the park in 1921. 2. Point, Ka‘a- ‘awa, O‘ahu. Point adjoining the west end of Swanzy Beach ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (168.8 KB)
pp. 205-222

La‘aloa Bay. Beach park, North Kona, Hawai‘i. Large pocket of calcareous sand between two rocky points on Ali‘i Drive. The shorebreak on the beach is the most popular bodysurfing and bodyboarding site in Kona. A board surf site is off the south point of the beach. Also known as Disappearing Sands, Magic ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (246.8 KB)
pp. 223-256

Mā‘alaea. 1. Bay, beach, Mā‘alaea, Maui. Mā‘alaea Bay is an important part of the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary. Although humpbacks are seen throughout the islands, they concentrate in the waters between the four islands of Maui County, where they calve, ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (121.9 KB)
pp. 257-266

Naha. Beach, fishpond, surf site, Naha, Lāna‘i. Narrow detrital sand beach at the end of Keòmuku Road. The beach is the site of a former fishing village, one of the four fishponds on Lāna‘i, and the seaward end of the Naha Trail, a trail that connects Pālāwai Basin to the ocean. The surf site is off the beach. Lit., ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (123.2 KB)
pp. 267-276

O‘ahu. O‘ahu is the third largest (597.1 square miles) of the eight major Hawaiian islands. It has a population of 876,156 (U.S. Census figures for 2000 indicate that O‘ahu’s population makes up 72.3 percent of the state’s total of 1,211,537 residents). ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (277.9 KB)
pp. 277-318

Pa‘akea. Fishpond, Pearl Harbor, O‘ahu. Lit., coral bed, limestone. Pa‘akō. Coastal area, Mâkena, Maui. Where Miller of Miller’s Hill made his home. Lit., dry lowland plain. Pa‘alaea. Island (.16 acres, 40 feet high), North Kohala, Hawai‘i. ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (83.7 KB)
pp. 319-322

Q Buoy. Fish aggregating device, Pa‘uwela Point, Maui. Buoy anchored at approximately 382 fathoms. Landmarks: Nākālele Point Light, Kahului Harbor Light, Pa‘uwela Point Light, Nānu‘alele Point Light. QQ Buoy. Fish aggregating device, Maku‘u, Hawai‘i. Buoy anchored ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (131.0 KB)
pp. 323-334

Rabbit Island. 1. Island, Waimānalo, O‘ahu. In the 1880s John Cummins, the first owner of Waimānalo Plantation, decided to raise rabbits. He released them on Mānana Island, where a colony survived for approximately 100 years. The last of the rabbits were trapped and removed when the state determined ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (166.8 KB)
pp. 335-352

Sacred Spots. Surf site, Hau‘ula, O‘ahu. Deepwater, second-reef site off Sacred Falls State Park. The waterfall in the park is called Sacred Falls because of its association with Kamapua‘a, the demigod who could assume the shape of a man or pig. The surf site was named after the falls. ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (128.2 KB)
pp. 353-364

Ta‘ape Ridge. Dive site, south coast, Lāna‘i. East of Kaunolū. Schools of blue-lined snappers, or ta’ape, are common here. Ta‘ape are from the Marquesas and were first introduced to Hawaiian waters in 1958 and again in 1961. They are now well established throughout Hawai‘i and often school in great ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (88.0 KB)
pp. 365-368

‘Ualapu‘e. Fishpond, Kamalō, Moloka‘i. Lit., hilled sweet potatoes. Uaoa. Bay, fishing site, landing, Kaupakalua, Maui. Noted site for surround-netting akule. A former canoe landing was in a cove on the shore of the bay. Also known as Keone. Lit., light rain, mist. ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (62.8 KB)
pp. 369-370

Val’s Reef. Surf site, Sunset Beach, O‘ahu. Pioneer surfing photographer Val Valentine lived directly inshore of Sunset, the world-famous surf site. Val’s Reef is the shallow reef that forms the inside lineup of the break. Vancouver Monument. Memorial, Kīhei, Maui. Stone monument designed and erected by J. Gordon Gibson, the original ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (180.6 KB)
pp. 371-392

Wa‘aiki. Bay, beach, northwest shore, Kaho‘olawe. The bay lies within the ‘ili, or land division, of Wa‘aiki. A detrital sand beach lines the shore of the bay. Lit., small canoe. Wahiawa. Anchorage, bay, beach, snorkeling site, Kalāheo, Kaua‘i. Calcareous sand beach at the head of a large sand-bottomed ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (44.2 KB)
pp. 393-394

X Buoy. Fish aggregating device, Kahuku, O‘ahu. Buoy anchored at approximately 945 fathoms. Landmarks: Ka‘ena Point, Hale- ‘iwa Channel Buoy Light, Lâ‘ie Point. XX Buoy. Fish aggregating device, Puakō, Hawai‘i. Buoy anchored at approximately 345 fathoms. Landmarks: M&$257;hukona Light, ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (62.4 KB)
pp. 395-396

Yabui Beach. ‘Alaeloa, Maui. The Yabui family owned the property bordering the beach before the Kahana Sunset condominium was built on it. Also known as Keonenui Beach. Yadao Pavilion. North Hilo, Hawai‘i. Picnic pavilion in Kolekole Beach Park that was named for former County Supervisor ...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (74.7 KB)
pp. 397-400

Zablan Beach. Nânâkuli, O‘ahu. Section of Nānākuli Beach Park. Named for Benjamin Zablan, district magistrate of the Wai- ‘anae District from 1916 to 1920 and one of the original Hawaiian homesteaders in Nānākuli. He built his home on the beach next to Nānākuli Stream in 1916 and then relocated to ...


pdf iconDownload PDF (101.4 KB)
pp. 401-412

About the Author

pdf iconDownload PDF (35.8 KB)

E-ISBN-13: 9780824862787
Print-ISBN-13: 9780824824518

Publication Year: 2002

Research Areas


UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Hawaii -- Gazetteers.
  • Names, Geographical -- Hawaii.
  • Hawaiian language -- Etymology -- Names -- Dictionaries.
  • Hawaii -- History, Local.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access