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Generation Later

Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines

James F. Eder

Publication Year: 1999

A Generation Later moves beyond analytical models of rural change that focus on the peasant/agricultural aspect of rural communities and makes a convincing case for an approach that integrates farm and nonfarm occupations and does justice to the conditions of occupational multiplicity that characterize, to an increasing extent, many of the rural communities in Asia. In this context, it challenges conventional (and simplistic) "peasant to proletarian" views of change. Rather than finding a dreary and dispirited landscape of sameness and hardship, it offers some empirical support for amore optimistic view of the region's future, one of growing household prosperity and widespread individual opportunity.

Published by: University of Hawai'i Press

Contents

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pp. v-

Illustrations and Tables

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pp. vii-

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

San Jose, a onetime frontier community in the Philippines whose second generation residents—the first to be born and raised locally—are the subject of this book, was settled beginning in the 1930s and 1940s by migrant shifting cultivators from the long-settled island of Cuyo. Traveling first by sailboat...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xiv

Numerous individuals and institutions have helped bring this book to completion. My greatest and most immediate debts of gratitude continue to be to the residents of San Jose. They endured me, as it were, not once but twice, but they remained willing to assist and never lost their good humor during...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-14

This book concerns a generation of economic, social, and cultural changes on a former Philippine land frontier. More particularly, it examines the evolution of new economic strategies, the advent of novel forms of household organization, and the emergence of new ideas about social hierarchy and...

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2. Developing Community, Developing Region

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pp. 15-40

San Jose is a community of small landholders located on rainfed land eight kilometers north of Puerto Princesa City, the capital of Palawan Province (see Map 2.1). Palawan Island, the principal island in the province, remained on the periphery of the Philippine economy throughout the Spanish colonial...

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3. The Evolution of an Intensive Upland Agriculture

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pp. 41-70

San Jose’s regional image as a “success case” may derive most immediately from the relative prosperity of its residents, but it is the intensive and productive upland mixed-farming system underlying much of this prosperity that most merits attention. “Upland” is a key word here, for some...

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4. Diversification and Differentiation in the Community Economy

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pp. 71-90

In the years since its founding, San Jose has not only grown in size and developed economically. The community has also experienced considerable social differentiation, as its residents have entered into more varied and more complex relations with the means of production, as land ownership has declined in...

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5. Contemporary Household Strategies for Survival and Prosperity

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pp. 91-121

This chapter examines variation in the economic strategies that the second generation residents of San Jose employ to survive (and, ideally, to prosper) under economic conditions greatly changed from those that their parents confronted during the initial settlement of the community earlier in this...

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6. Social Standing, Personal Worth, and the Aspirations of Individuals

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pp. 122-145

Lowland Philippine society is saturated with ideas about prestige and rank. Some are Hispanic in origin and others probably indigenous, but lowland Filipinos are in any case intensely aware of the inequalities in property, income, education, and other attributes that relate to these ideas. Even in the...

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7. Conclusion

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pp. 146-162

This book has examined some of the many changes that have taken place in a rural Philippine community over the span of a generation, with the intent of illuminating how wider processes of agricultural intensification, economic diversification, and social differentiation are experienced and understood at...

Appendix Selected Attributes of Second-Generation Sample Households

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pp. 163-168

Notes

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pp. 169-172

References Cited

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pp. 173-188

Index

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pp. 189-191


E-ISBN-13: 9780824862640
Print-ISBN-13: 9780824821531

Publication Year: 1999