Christianity Made in Japan
A Study of Indigenous Movements
Publication Year: 1998
Published by: University of Hawai'i Press
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THERE IS IN JAPAN another Christianity than the familiar array of churches left behind by missionaries from the West, one virtually unknown abroad and as yet largely neglected by scholars of religion. It is the Christianity of indigenous movements established in a direct act of resistance to the failure of imported varieties of Christianity to reach deeply into the Japanese soul. This is a book ...
Chapter 1. Christianity as World Religion and Vernacular Movement
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IN THIS BOOK I am concerned with what happens to a world religion when it is transplanted from one culture to another. By "world religion" I mean those missionizing religions of the world, such as Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam, that regard their religious teachings to be "truths" of ultimate significance for people of all times and places (truths, in other words, that transcend ...
Chapter 2. The Social Sources of Christianity in Japan
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CHRISTIANITY IN contemporary Japan consists of diverse subcultures. It includes the many church traditions transplanted by Western missionaries, numerous indigenous movements (churches or sects organizationally independent of Western churches), as well as the personal belief systems of Japanese influenced by Christianity but unaffiliated with any of its organizational forms. It may sound rather strangeespecially to those from countries ...
Chapter 3. Charisma, Minor Founders, and Indigenous Movements
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THOSE OF US familiar only with the world of established churches, denominational bureaucracies, and large Christian institutions tend to forget that Christianity began as a new religious movement with a leader who was known as a healer and exorcist. In Jesus: A New Vision, Marcus J. Borg draws attention to the charismatic nature of the early Jesus movement and maintains ...
Chapter 4. The Fountainhead of Japanese Christianity Revisited
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WHILE ONE OF the aims of this book is to give attention to a number of relatively unknown indigenous movements, the numerous references to the Nonchurch movement and quotations from Uchimura's writings thus far show how impossible it is to entirely ignore this earliest expression of Japanese Christianity. Uchimura's writings contained numerous strands ...
Chapter 5. Christianity as a Path of Self-Cultivation
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AS WE HAVE SEEN, Uchimura Kanzō was the first Japanese leader to articulate a clear alternative to transplanted Christian churches. His call for the development of an independent and indigenous expression of the faith resonated with the deep aspirations of numerous other Japanese Christians. Many shared Uchimura's independent spirit and sympathized with ...
Chapter 6. Japanese Versions of Apostolic Christianity
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CHRISTIANITY IN JAPAN has long had the reputation of being a difficult and demanding religion, one primarily for intellectuals and the educated white-collar middle class. In stark contrast to the scores of other New Religions that have emerged in Japan's modern century, Christianity has rarely been regarded as a viable alternative for the general population.1 This ...
Chapter 7. Japanese Christians and the World of the Dead
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THE TRANSPLANTATION OF Western Christianity to Japan over the past century has involved a fundamental clash between the missionary message and the religious consciousness and values of most Japanese. This is particularly apparent in relation to the indigenous beliefs and practices related to ancestors and the spirits of the dead. This area of difficulty is not unique to ...
Chapter 8. Comparative Patterns of Growth and Decline
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AS WE HAVE SEEN, since the reopening of Japan to the West in the late nineteenth century scores of denominations and sects have made their way from Europe and North America in an attempt to Christianize Japan, but institutionally affiliated Christians still amount to only about one percent of the population. When one considers the human and financial ...
Chapter 9. The Broader Context of Japanese Christianity
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SINCE THE INITIAL transmission of Roman Catholicism to Japan in the sixteenth century, Christianity has generally been regarded as an intrusive force in Japanese society and often referred to as a "foreign" and "evil" religion. Despite the seemingly insurmountable obstaclescultural discontinuity, social stigma, and, until fifty years ago, strict government controlnumerous ...
Appendix. Bibliographical Guide to Indigenous Christian Movements
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Publication Year: 1998