A Theory of Witnessing from Nineteenth-Century American Literature
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Fordham University Press
Title Page, Copyright
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Introduction: Arriving at Quiet
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Testimony tends to be thought of as loud: it is associated with declarations, depositions, and confessions, issued from courtrooms and soapboxes, and charged with exhorting, proclaiming, establishing, and convincing. Nineteenth-century America produced no shortage of testimonies possessing these characteristics of loudness, especially within ...
1 / Emerson: Testimony without Representation
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The passage with which I begin will likely be familiar to Emerson’s readers, if only because of its proximity to one of his most famous and challenging images, the transparent eyeball. The paragraph that follows it in Nature is, I propose, just as unexpected and just as revealing of a major...
2 /Douglass: Testimony without Identity
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Frederick Douglass wrote three autobiographies, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845), My Bondage and My Freedom (1855), and Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (1881), and then he decided that he had more to say. His supplement expanding Life and Times (the new version was published in 1892) was, he writes, the result of a call: “I find myself ...
3 /Melville: Testimony without Voice
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Melville’s later works begin quietly. They may describe momentous actions—such as Ishmael’s plan to join a whaling crew or the arrival of a mysterious ship in a lonely port—but rather than herald ensuing plots, the texts tend to focus on an observation of something or someone that does not speak. At the outset of...
4 /James: Testimony without Life
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There is a dead woman in Henry James’s account of his visit to Charleston in The American Scene. He introduces the image as a point of comparison, but it startles the reader nevertheless; it is as if James has stumbled on a corpse in the midst of the sleepy southern city. This corpse, it turns out, is quite extraordinary: it testifies to the city’s lifelessness, and on ...
Conclusion: Staying Quiet
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The narrative that this book’s chapters implicitly tell may initially have seemed familiar: while Emerson hails the testimony of all natural things, Douglass is more measured and limited in his optimism, and Melville rejects exuberance completely, resting instead in elusiveness. The figures become progressively less willing to assert that the world makes itself known in ways that may enter the realm of human speech. But ...
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Page Count: 224
Publication Year: 2013