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Pragmatic Pluralism and the Problem of God

Sami Pihlström

Publication Year: 2013

Pragmatism mediates rival extremes, and religion is no exception: the problems of realism versus antirealism, evidentialism versus fideism, and science versus religion, along with other key issues in the philosophy of religion, receive new interpretations when examined from a pragmatist point of view. Religion is then understood as a human practice with certain inherent aims and goals, responding to specific human needs and interests, serving certain important human values, and seeking to resolve problematic situations that naturally arise from our practices themselves, especially our need to live with our vulnerability, finitude, guilt, and mortality.

Published by: Fordham University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xiv

This book addresses fundamental issues in the philosophy of religion from a pragmatist point of view and will be primarily of interest to professional philosophers specializing in pragmatism or the philosophy of religion. It is not merely a specialized scholarly volume, however, as it can also be used as supplementary reading material in courses intended...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-18

Contemporary philosophy of religion is in a confusing state, as the different schools of thought seem to disagree not only about substantial questions such as God’s existence but about the very nature and methods of the philosophy of religion. These disagreements do not just arise...

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One Pragmatic Aspects of Kantian Theism

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pp. 19-46

Is God real? What do we, or what should we, mean by this question? How, if at all, might the question, given that its meaning(s) can be clarified, be settled or even rationally discussed? Is there any chance for a reasonable, scientifically minded person to believe in God, or is atheism...

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Two Deweyan Pragmatic Religious Naturalism

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pp. 47-72

John Dewey is often regarded as a purely secular thinker, a “naturalist” and “humanist.” In most commentaries, Dewey’s pragmatism— including his moral, social, and educational thought— is barely, if at all, connected with his views on religion,1 in contrast to William James, ...

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Three Rorty versus Putnam: Neopragmatist Philosophy of Religion

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pp. 73-98

In this chapter, I move from classical pragmatism— the Jamesian and Deweyan considerations I have explored in the previous two chapters— to what has come to be called neopragmatism, and to its actual and potential contributions to the philosophy of religion. Neopragmatism, ...

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Four The Jamesian Pragmatic Method in the Philosophy of Religion

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pp. 99-128

In the introduction, I started from the observation that contemporary philosophy of religion is in a relatively confusing state, as the different approaches oft en disagree even about the very nature and methods of the philosophy of religion. I also pointed out that the status of pragmatist philosophy of religion in this situation is ambivalent: generally...

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Five The Problem of Evil and the Limits of Philosophy

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pp. 129-156

There has been a recent revival, especially aft er 9/11, of philosophical interest in the concept of evil in its various dimensions. Without attempting to summarize this already comprehensive discussion,1 I want to start this chapter by drawing attention to some basic contrasts, tensions,...

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Conclusion

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pp. 157-180

In the previous chapters I have argued for the pragmatic need to adopt, antireductionistically and antiessentialistically, different perspectives on issues in the philosophy of religion: Kantian (the postulates of practical reason); Jamesian (the ethical grounding of metaphysics and theology); Deweyan (naturalism, the emancipation of “the religious” ...

Notes

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pp. 181-240

Index

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pp. 241-246

American Philosophy

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pp. 247-250


E-ISBN-13: 9780823251599
Print-ISBN-13: 9780823251582
Print-ISBN-10: 0823251586

Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2013

Edition: Cloth
Series Title: American Philosophy (FUP)