The United States and the Second World War
New Perspectives on Diplomacy, War, and the Home Front
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Fordham University Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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This anthology honors John Whiteclay Chambers II—my dissertation advisor, mentor, colleague, and friend. In conceiving this volume as series editor, I sought to pay tribute to John’s distinguished record of scholarship and teaching, as well as his...
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John Chambers’ wide-ranging scholarship, which includes studies of the Progressive era, the peace movement, United States foreign relations, conscientious objectors, the Army Corps of Engineers, the draft—and, most recently, the Office of Strategic Services...
1. Roosevelt at the Rubicon: The Great Convoy Debate of 1941
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In early June 1941, the former Republican presidential candidate and exgovernor of Kansas Alfred M. (‘‘Alf ’’) Landon received a confidential communication from his erstwhile running mate, Frank M. Knox. At that time Secretary of the Navy in the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Knox wrote of his recent...
2. Containment, Rollback, and the Onset of the Pacific War, 1933–1941
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Admiral Yamamoto knew that the Empire’s future rested on the opening battle of the war. His task force had to sail undetected over a vast sea and destroy the enemy fleet in port. If his ships were detected or if the enemy set a trap, all would be lost. A smashing...
3. ‘‘In Terms of Peoples Rather than Nations’’: World War II Propaganda and Conceptions of U.S. Foreign Policy
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History has not been kind to the World War II propaganda initiatives of the U.S. government. The work of the Office of War Information (OWI)— the best known and most influential of the wartime propaganda agencies— has received very little acclaim...
4. Allotment Annies and Other Wayward Wives: Wartime Concerns About Female Disloyalty and the Problem of the Returned Veteran
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In June 1943, the Senate Committee on Military Affairs held hearings to examine several proposals to increase the allotment paid to enlisted men’s families.1 Although the legislation’s intent was to soothe soldiers’ worries about the welfare of dependent wives, children...
5. General George S. Patton and the War-Winning Sherman Tank Myth
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Thirty years after World War II, General Isaac D. White, the highly respected former commander of the U.S. Army’s 2nd Armored Division, was asked to write the introduction to...
6. Naval Gunfire Support in Operation Neptune: A Reexamination
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Historians have devoted considerable attention to the planning and execution of Operation Neptune/Overlord, the Allied cross-channel invasion in June 1944. Although numerous books and articles have been written about the experience of Allied navies off Normandy on...
7. Veterans Tell Their Stories and Why Historians and Others Listened
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As the twentieth century came to a close, Americans displayed an increasing interest in the history of the Second World War. Anniversary ceremonies commemorating D-Day in 1994 and V-E Day in 1995 garnered extensive national coverage on all major television networks. Hollywood produced scores of new movies with...
8. Semper Paratus: The U.S. Coast Guard’s Flotilla 10 at Omaha Beach
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The United States Coast Guard, which can trace its founding to 1790, is the nation’s oldest continuous maritime service. The Coast Guard and its predecessors have participated in every war since 1790, including the wars against Saddam Hussein. Yet in 2003, the...
9. American Pacifism, the ‘‘Greatest Generation,’’ and World War II
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Journalist Tom Brokaw has dubbed the citizen soldiers who endured the Great Depression, won the ‘‘good war,’’ and reformed postwar America, the ‘‘greatest generation.’’ Both in wartime and in peace, the greatest generation championed liberty, democracy, and...
10. Foreign Policy Experts Asservice Intellectuals: The American Institute of Pacific Relations, the Council on Foreign Relations, and Planning the Occupation of Japan During World War II
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An article published in a leading Japanese newspaper reported that John Dower’s prize-winning book Embracing Defeat became ‘‘must reading’’ among high-ranking officials in the White House just before the outbreak of the Iraq War in early 2003. Dower’s...
11. Hiroshima and the U.S. Peace Movement: Commemoration of August 6, 1948–1960
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For more than 60 years, Americans have showed remarkable ambiguity concerning the use of the atomic bomb duringWorldWar II. In the immediate postwar years, there emerged triumphal narratives, which maintained that the atomic attack on Japan ended the ferocious war and saved numerous American lives that would...
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World war ii:the global, human, and ethical dimension
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Page Count: 356
Publication Year: 2010