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Freedom, Union, and Power

Lincoln and His Party in the Civil War

Michael Green

Publication Year: 2004

Freedom, Union, and Power analyzes the beliefs of the Republican Party during the Civil War, how those beliefs changed, and what those changes foreshadowed for the future. The party's pre-war ideology of free soil, free labor, free menchanged with the Republican ascent to power in the White House. With Lincoln's election, Republicans faced something new-responsibility for the government. With responsibility came the need to wage a war for the survival of that government, the country, and the party. And with victory in the war came responsibility responsibility for saving the Union-by ending slavery-and for pursuing policies that fit into their belief in a strong, free Union.Michael Green shows how Republicans had to wield federal power to stop a rebellion against freedom and union. Crucial to their use of federal power was their hope of keeping that power-the intersection of policy and politics.

Published by: Fordham University Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. vii-

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE NOTES

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pp. ix-x

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xvii

This book began as a dissertation proposal to examine the ideology of the Republican party during the Civil War: what its leaders believed and how those beliefs manifested themselves in word and deed. Several years, many computer disks...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-10

No aspect of the Civil War, except for the fighting of it, has received as much attention from historians as the political developments that caused the war and shaped its effects. In the decades before and following the war, the second party system collapsed and the third party system began-and, after...

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Chapter One: Freedom, Union, and Power: The Civil War Republican Party

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pp. 11-29

NO TWO MEN could have been more alike and more different than Charles Sumner and William Pitt Fessenden. Both were Republican senators from New England. Both rebelled against their previous parties and joined the Republicans.

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Chapter Two: Free Labor, Freed Labor, and Free Capital

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pp. 30-57

IN THE WINTER of 1861, Abraham Lincoln sent his first annual message to Congress. Between a lack of military success and what he called "unprecedented political troubles," he seemed to have little good news to report. Nor did the prose soar with the turns of phrase...

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Chapter Three: The Great Secession Winter and the Politics of Power and Responsibility

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pp. 58-95

"A MEMORABLE DAY," conservative Republican George Templeton Strong wrote on 6 November 1860, election day. "We do not know yet for what." Abraham Lincoln knew, telling reporters, "Well, boys, your...

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Chapter Four: Lincoln's Warring Cabinet: Many Secretaries, One Ideology

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pp. 96-141

BY THE MORNING after his victory, Abraham Lincoln had made a wish list of Cabinet members based on two key considerations: political ancestry and geography. Senator William Henry Seward of New York, once a Whig, was first. Former Democrat Salmon Chase of Ohio represented...

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Chapter Five: The Republicans and Slavery

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pp. 142-176

ON 4 March 1861, Abraham Lincoln stood on the Capitol portico and sought to reassure the South of his peaceful intentions. "One section of our country believes slavery is right, and ought to be extended, while the other believes it is wrong, and ought...

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Chapter Six: Law and Order: Republicans, the Supreme Court, and the Constitution

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pp. 177-215

ON 9 December 1861, as Congress began the first regular session of the war, Senator John F'. Hale introduced a resolution. He was the new chair of the Naval Affairs Committee, but the New Hampshire radical....

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Chapter Seven: The Paradox of Power: Republicans and the Military

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pp. 216-252

ON 26 January 1863, with Union armies mired in the winter muck on the Potomac and the Mississippi, Abraham Lincoln wrote one of his most famous letters. It followed General Joseph Hooker's appointment...

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Chapter Eight: The Republican Party, the Union Party, and Lincoln's Reelection

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pp. 253-299

FRANCIS LIEBER and Thomas Barnett were unlikely compatriots. A legal theorist at Columbia University, Lieber offered radical prescriptions for wartime ailments; Barnett was a government clerk for Secretary of the Interior Caleb Smith, his Whiggish boss, and a friend...

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Chapter Nine: Reforming and Remaking the Nation

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pp. 300-330

WHILETH ADDEUS STEVENS seemed to embody radical Republicanism, Thomas Ewing was a quintessential conservative. Known for bitter partisanship, blistering comments about colleagues and issues, and power over House Republicans before the title of majority leader existed...

CONCLUSION

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pp. 331-350

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 351-388

INDEX

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pp. 389-418


E-ISBN-13: 9780823247899
Print-ISBN-13: 9780823222759
Print-ISBN-10: 0823222756

Page Count: 398
Publication Year: 2004

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Subject Headings

  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1861-1865.
  • United States -- Intellectual life -- 1783-1865.
  • Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 -- Political and social views.
  • Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) -- History -- 19th century.
  • Political science -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
  • Political culture -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
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